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Day 119: The War to End War. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 13, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. #6 on ID Check. Palmer Raids. The War to End War. Objectives: Students will: Explain what caused America to enter World War I.

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day 119 the war to end war

Day 119: The War to End War

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

March 13, 2014

A/A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

6 on id check
#6 on ID Check

Palmer Raids

the war to end war
The War to End War

Objectives: Students will:

Explain what caused America to enter World War I.

Describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade for democracy that inspired public fervor and suppressed dissent.

Discuss America’s mobilization for war and its reliance primarily on voluntary methods rather than government force.

Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African Americans.

Describe America’s participation in the War, and explain why its economic and political importance exceeded its military contribution to the Allied victory and German defeat.

AP Focus

With U.S.-German relations strained, what is left of the rapport erodes with the disclosure of the Zimmerman telegram in March 1917. In it, the German government promises that if Mexico agrees to an alliance with Germany, it will regain the territory it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican-American War. The following month, President Wilson asks and receives from Congress a declaration of war. Opposition to U.S. entry into the war is strong in the Midwest and Southwest; the Zimmerman telegram, however, infuriates residents of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Entering World War I in response to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare, Wilson turned America’s participation into a fervent ideological crusade for democracy that successfully stirred the public to a great voluntary war effort, but at some cost to traditional civil liberties.

After America’s limited but important contribution to the Allied victory, a triumphant Wilson attempted to construct a peace based on his idealistic Fourteen Points. But European and senatorial opposition, and especially his own political errors, doomed American ratification of the Versailles Treaty and participation in the League of Nations.


Test Monday March 17, 2014 Chapters 27-30

IDs due on Monday March 17, 2014

War Chart distributed on Friday


The students will be able to analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the reasons for U.S. entry into the War to End All Wars.

war by act of germany
War By Act of Germany

January 22,1917-”peace without victory”

January 31,1917-Germany announced unrestricted submarine warfare

March 1, 1917-Zimmerman note

1st 2 weeks of March 1917-overt acts

4 unarmed U.S. merchant vessels

April 2, 1917-Wilson asks for War

April 6, 1917-America declares war

wilsonian idealism enthroned
Wilsonian Idealism Enthroned

“It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war”

Woodrow Wilson, in his war message

How could the president arouse the American people to shoulder this unprecedented burden?

“ make the world safe for democracy”

Americans-either isolationists or crusaders

Do you agree?

wilson s 14 potent points
Wilson’s 14 Potent Points

Hoped to keep Russia in the war

Demoralize the enemy

1. Abolish secret treaties

2. Freedom of the seas

3. Free trade

4. Reduce arms

5. anti-imperialism

creel manipulates minds
Creel Manipulates Minds

Committee on Public Information

George Creel

4-minute men




Did his job so well that the world expected too much

enforcing loyalty and stifling dissent
Enforcing Loyalty and Stifling Dissent

8 million German-Americans


Name changes

liberty cabbage

liberty steak

Espionage Act of 1917

Sedition Act of 1918

Eugene V. Debs jailed

Bill Haywood of the IWW jailed

Schenck v. U.S. (1919)

“clear and present danger”

the nation s factories go to war
The Nation’s Factories Go to War

Nation ill-equipped at the beginning of war

100,000 man army-15th in the world at the time

State control of the economy viewed with suspicion

War Industries Board

Bernard Baruch

economic planning

disbanded after the war

used as a model during the Great Depression

workers in wartime
Workers in Wartime

“Work or Fight”

powerful discouragement to go on strike

National War Labor Board

Taft in charge

pressed employers to give raises/8hr day

did not guarantee right to unionize

AFL supported the war

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) did not support the war

AFL reaped the rewards of loyalty

increased real wages

cont d

Wartime inflation doubled prices between 1914-1920

6,000 strikes in the war years

1919-steel strikes

250,000 men walked off the jobs

30,000 African-Americans brought in to break the strike and keep the mills running

Race Riots erupted

East St. Louis, MO


15 whites died

23 African-Americans

suffering until suffrage
Suffering Until Suffrage

Women went to the factories

Some women were pacifists

National American Woman Suffrage Association

supported the war

only way to earn a role in shaping the peace

Women granted suffrage worldwide

1920-19th Amendment

Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921

federally financed instruction

exit ticket
Exit Ticket

Analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the reasons for U.S. entry into the War to End All Wars.


Read Chapter 30

Prepare for 5 question quiz on Thursday