Day 119: The War to End War. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 13, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. #6 on ID Check. Palmer Raids. The War to End War. Objectives: Students will: Explain what caused America to enter World War I.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
March 13, 2014
A/A.P. U.S. History
Objectives: Students will:
Explain what caused America to enter World War I.
Describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade for democracy that inspired public fervor and suppressed dissent.
Discuss America’s mobilization for war and its reliance primarily on voluntary methods rather than government force.
Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African Americans.
Describe America’s participation in the War, and explain why its economic and political importance exceeded its military contribution to the Allied victory and German defeat.
With U.S.-German relations strained, what is left of the rapport erodes with the disclosure of the Zimmerman telegram in March 1917. In it, the German government promises that if Mexico agrees to an alliance with Germany, it will regain the territory it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican-American War. The following month, President Wilson asks and receives from Congress a declaration of war. Opposition to U.S. entry into the war is strong in the Midwest and Southwest; the Zimmerman telegram, however, infuriates residents of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Entering World War I in response to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare, Wilson turned America’s participation into a fervent ideological crusade for democracy that successfully stirred the public to a great voluntary war effort, but at some cost to traditional civil liberties.
After America’s limited but important contribution to the Allied victory, a triumphant Wilson attempted to construct a peace based on his idealistic Fourteen Points. But European and senatorial opposition, and especially his own political errors, doomed American ratification of the Versailles Treaty and participation in the League of Nations.
Test Monday March 17, 2014 Chapters 27-30
IDs due on Monday March 17, 2014
War Chart distributed on Friday
The students will be able to analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the reasons for U.S. entry into the War to End All Wars.
January 22,1917-”peace without victory”
January 31,1917-Germany announced unrestricted submarine warfare
March 1, 1917-Zimmerman note
1st 2 weeks of March 1917-overt acts
4 unarmed U.S. merchant vessels
April 2, 1917-Wilson asks for War
April 6, 1917-America declares war
“It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war”
Woodrow Wilson, in his war message
How could the president arouse the American people to shoulder this unprecedented burden?
“ make the world safe for democracy”
Americans-either isolationists or crusaders
Do you agree?
Hoped to keep Russia in the war
Demoralize the enemy
1. Abolish secret treaties
2. Freedom of the seas
3. Free trade
4. Reduce arms
Committee on Public Information
Did his job so well that the world expected too much
8 million German-Americans
Espionage Act of 1917
Sedition Act of 1918
Eugene V. Debs jailed
Bill Haywood of the IWW jailed
Schenck v. U.S. (1919)
“clear and present danger”
Nation ill-equipped at the beginning of war
100,000 man army-15th in the world at the time
State control of the economy viewed with suspicion
War Industries Board
disbanded after the war
used as a model during the Great Depression
“Work or Fight”
powerful discouragement to go on strike
National War Labor Board
Taft in charge
pressed employers to give raises/8hr day
did not guarantee right to unionize
AFL supported the war
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) did not support the war
AFL reaped the rewards of loyalty
increased real wages
Wartime inflation doubled prices between 1914-1920
6,000 strikes in the war years
250,000 men walked off the jobs
30,000 African-Americans brought in to break the strike and keep the mills running
Race Riots erupted
East St. Louis, MO
15 whites died
Women went to the factories
Some women were pacifists
National American Woman Suffrage Association
supported the war
only way to earn a role in shaping the peace
Women granted suffrage worldwide
Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921
federally financed instruction
Analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the reasons for U.S. entry into the War to End All Wars.
Read Chapter 30
Prepare for 5 question quiz on Thursday