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UNCLASSIFIED. Global Threat Reduction Initiative. Status update on recovery and disposition of disused sealed sources Organization of Agreement States Annual Meeting August 2011. UNCLASSIFIED. UNCLASSIFIED. GTRI Mission.

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Global Threat Reduction Initiative

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Status update on recovery and disposition of disused sealed sources

Organization of Agreement States Annual Meeting

August 2011


gtri mission


GTRI Mission
  • Mission: Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide
  • Goals:
    • Convert research reactors and isotope production facilities from HEU to LEU (permanent threat reduction)
    • Remove and dispose of excess nuclear and radiological materials (permanent threat reduction)
    • Protect high priority nuclear and radiological materials from theft and sabotage


off site source recovery project osrp
Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP)

Every year, thousands of sources become disused and unwanted in the United States.

While secure storage is a temporary measure, the longer sources remain disused or unwanted the chances increase that they will become unsecured or abandoned. Thus, permanent disposal is essential.


To date, GTRI has recovered over 28,000 sources totaling over 818,000 Ci

GTRI primarily recovers Cs-137, Co-60, Sr-90, Am-241, Pu-238, Pu-239, Ra-226

Every potential recovery is different and must be considered and prioritized

GTRI partners with CRCPD on the Source Collection and Threat Reduction (SCATR) project which works with state regulators and licensees to round up sources with commercial disposal pathways





2010 Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force Report

Written by interagency Task Force established pursuant to section 651(d) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-58).

Sealed Source Disposal and National Security: Deliverables 1 and 2 of the Removal and Disposition of Disused Sources Focus Group

      • Led by the Dept. of Homeland Security under the auspices of the Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council’s (CIPAC) Nuclear Government Coordination Council and Nuclear Sector Coordinating Council (NGCC/NSCC)
      • Written by more than 40 participants from Federal and State Government Organizations, Compact Commissions and Industry.

Challenges Identified:

“By far the most significant challenge identified is access to disposal for disused radioactive sources.” (Task Force Report, p. iii)

  • Lack of disposal capability for high-activity beta/gamma sources (primarily cobalt-60, cesium-137 and strontium-90)
  • Lack of disposal access for lower-activity beta/gamma sources in thirty-six states
  • Lack of near-term disposal capability for US-licensed sealed sources containing foreign-origin americium-241
  • Challenge recovering highest-activity disused sources as a result of very limited availability of appropriate, certified “Type B” containers
status update on developments and activities
Status Update on Developments and Activities
  • Support for GTCC EIS
    • Comments were due June 27, 2011
  • Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging
    • April 18, 2011 GTRI letter to NRC can be found at
    • Upcoming meeting in Albuquerque, Oct. 20, 2011
  • US-licensed sources containing foreign-origin Am-241
    • Pierce Bill
    • Defense Determination
  • CRCPD Meeting on State Storage of Orphan Sources
    • May 2011
  • Discussions with Commercial Facilities
  • Type B Containers
    • Two approaches
Ad Hoc Meeting of States that are Major Suppliers of Radioactive SourcesMay 26–27, 2011 - Vienna, Austria
  • Participants from Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Germany, India, Russia and United States
  • Discussed draft outline of a Best Practices document for Repatriation (drafted by GTRI and ARN – Argentina)
  • Written so as not to limit countries from going above and beyond
  • Consistent with the Code of Conduct and the Joint Convention
  • Suggestions will be incorporated and forwarded to the Group for further comment in the form of a revised outline and complete draft paper
  • The ultimate status, form, and distribution of the final document will be determined based on input from Group participants
  • Consensus is required