Ch. 10 The Rise of Christianity. 10.1 – The First Christians. I. The Jews and the Romans . Jerusalem was the capital of the kingdom of Israel. During the 900s B.C., Israel was divided into two kingdoms: Israel and Judah
10.1 – The First Christians
Jerusalem was the capital of the kingdom of Israel.
During the 900s B.C., Israel was divided into two kingdoms: Israel and Judah
Emperor Augustus made Judah into a Roman province called Judaea in 65 B.C.
The Jews rebelled again in A.D. 132 and were defeated again. In retaliation, the Romans forced the Jews to leave Jerusalem and banned them from ever returning.
Jews believed God would send a messiah to restore their kingdom.
Jesus grew up in the city of Nazareth.
He traveled throughout Judaea preaching his ideas.
Jesus’ message was contained in a group of sayings called the Sermon on the Mount.
Jesus preach repentance because the kingdom was at hand.
Jesus believed in love and forgiveness, not simply following religious laws.
Mt. 23:3 – Follow the law even if the leaders don’t
Mt. 5:17 – I came not to destroy the law but fulfill
Earthly stories with heavenly meanings
Everyday events were used to express spiritual truths.
Why parables? Mt. 13:11-15
So some would understand and some would not.
Good Samaritan – Lk. 10:30-37
Prodigal Son – Lk.15:11-32
Sower - Mt. 13:3-23; Mk 4:3-20; Lk 8:5-15
Rich Fool – Lk 12:13-21
The Tares – Mt. 13:24-30; 36-43
Fish Net – Mt. 13:47-50
Unmerciful Steward – Mt. 18: 23-35
The Talents – Mt 25:14-30; Lk 19:11-27
Deterrent to others
People who accepted Jesus as the messiah were called Christians.
The Apostles were early Christian leaders who helped establish the church and spread the words of Christ.
There were 12 original apostles
Mathias (Acts 1) and Paul (Acts 9) were added later
Compare your textbook to the primary source
“he saw a great light and heard Jesus’ voice. Paul became a Christian on the spot.” p. 348
Acts 9:1-18 – It was over a period of 3 days
Jesus is the Son of God the savior of the world.
Jews are still looking for the Messiah
Belief in the Trinity or the Godhead (Father, Son and Holy Spirit)
Jews believe that there is one God (Deuteronomy 6:4)
Jews worship on the Sabbath (Saturday) and Christians worship on the Lord’s Day (Sunday)
Jews do not eat certain foods like: pigs, catfish, and shrimp. Christians can eat anything except blood and things strangled (Acts 15:20).