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The Rise of Christianity. 6.2 | Polytheism to Monotheism. Roman Paganism. Romans believed that there were many gods, who favored Rome Rituals kept the gods happy “We have overcome all the nations of the world, because we have realized that the world is directed and governed by the gods”

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the rise of christianity

The Rise of Christianity

6.2 | Polytheism to Monotheism

roman paganism
Roman Paganism
  • Romans believed that there were many gods, who favored Rome
    • Rituals kept the gods happy
      • “We have overcome all the nations of the world, because we have realized that the world is directed and governed by the gods”
    • Haruspices
  • Adding gods to their list of gods was common
    • Adopting local gods
    • Deification of emperors
the birth of christianity
The Birth of Christianity
  • Jesus Christ
    • In a time of Jewish revolutionary activity, he was seen as a threat to the state, claiming to be the king of the Jews
      • The later Jewish revolt (of three major), sack of Jerusalem by Titus 70 AD, and the siege of Masada 71 AD
  • Simon (Peter)
  • St. Paul
    • Was a persecutor of Christians
      • Christians did not get along with others – fanaticism
    • Spread Christianity throughout the Eastern Mediterranean
    • Opened Christianity to Gentiles (non-Jews)
      • These two religions, ironically, would become enemies
let s talk about christianity

Let’s Talk about Christianity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TG55ErfdaeY

persecutions
Persecutions
  • Christianity was tolerated by Rome until they began to threaten public order and stability
    • Refused to participate in rituals and social events, the foundation of stability
      • During the Crisis of the Third Century
      • Persecutions began
      • Martyrdom became not only common, but expected
  • Only the most fanatical would remain in Christianity
    • Isolated from society – many divisions
      • Stylites
the appeal of christianity
The Appeal of Christianity
  • The persecutions would fail to remove Christianity, why?
  • Pagan vs. Christian afterlife – control of destiny
    • Connection to Hinduism and the appeal of Buddhism
  • Christianity made its way in through the military
    • Cults
    • Mithraism
constantine
Constantine
  • Becomes Christian
  • Edict of Milan 313 A.D.
    • Accepts Christianity
      • His purpose and design? – Nicaea
      • Monotheistic movement – Apollo
  • Back and forth between religions
    • Julian the Apostate
  • Theodosius the Great
    • Official religion of the Roman Empire – 385 AD
    • Political division – East and Western Empire