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Return to Home Page. Soviet Development Continued Slides for October 31, 20123. GEOG 433. No. 11 & 12 - First 5-yr plan. No 19 & 20 - Collective and State Farms. No. 21 & 22 Output & targets 1928-1942. Table 2.1 Selected indicators for the first & second 5-year plans (1928-1937).

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return to home page
Return to Home Page

Soviet Development Continued

Slides for October 31, 20123

GEOG 433

territorial planning units
Territorial planning units

13 major economic regions for planning, subordinate set for industry and agric.

Major regions had no separate planning institutions - spatial data collecting units

1957 Krushchev most ministries abolished, 105 sovnarkhozy established

90 of 105 coincided with preexisting political administrative divisions

pre post soviet reforms

pre-Post-Soviet Reforms

Brezhnev’s dies 1982 , two short failed CPSU leaders, then Gorbachev elected new lead of CPSU in 1985, peasant from Stavropol’, young, well educated

Gorbachev’s Perestroika (rebuilding), inherited deeply entrenched, dysfunctional, totalitarian political system, stagnant state-run economy with serious problems

foreign earnings from petro-exports,

OPEC greatly expanded oil production in 1980s resulting in $oil dropping from $75 to less than $20/bbl (break-even point for Soviet oil)

Hard currency from oil used to purchase foreign consumer goods

poor quality (not accurate or honest domestic statistics)

late 1980’s 60% of industrial output was heavy machinery, engines, turbines, tractors, military; consumer goods <30% of production

perestroika
Perestroika

Persistent problems confronting Gorbachev

Lack of variety of goods

Lack of quantity

Regional disparities:

planners routinely overplanned

planners routinely underplanned

Lack of quality:

incentive problems re: produce better goods

lack of competition

problems with quality control - durability, consistency,

freshness, etc.