Return to Home Page. Soviet Development Continued Slides for October 31, 20123. GEOG 433. No. 11 & 12 - First 5-yr plan. No 19 & 20 - Collective and State Farms. No. 21 & 22 Output & targets 1928-1942. Table 2.1 Selected indicators for the first & second 5-year plans (1928-1937).
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Soviet Development Continued
Slides for October 31, 20123
13 major economic regions for planning, subordinate set for industry and agric.
Major regions had no separate planning institutions - spatial data collecting units
1957 Krushchev most ministries abolished, 105 sovnarkhozy established
90 of 105 coincided with preexisting political administrative divisions
Brezhnev’s dies 1982 , two short failed CPSU leaders, then Gorbachev elected new lead of CPSU in 1985, peasant from Stavropol’, young, well educated
Gorbachev’s Perestroika (rebuilding), inherited deeply entrenched, dysfunctional, totalitarian political system, stagnant state-run economy with serious problems
foreign earnings from petro-exports,
OPEC greatly expanded oil production in 1980s resulting in $oil dropping from $75 to less than $20/bbl (break-even point for Soviet oil)
Hard currency from oil used to purchase foreign consumer goods
poor quality (not accurate or honest domestic statistics)
late 1980’s 60% of industrial output was heavy machinery, engines, turbines, tractors, military; consumer goods <30% of production
Persistent problems confronting Gorbachev
Lack of variety of goods
Lack of quantity
planners routinely overplanned
planners routinely underplanned
Lack of quality:
incentive problems re: produce better goods
lack of competition
problems with quality control - durability, consistency,