Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. By Julie Gabaldon. Overview. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in children.
By Julie Gabaldon
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in children.
It is a developmental disorder that affects 3% to 5% of children, and is more prevalent in boys than in girls (four to five times more likely).
ADHD is characterized by inattentiveness, over-activity, and/or impulsivity.
In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, signs and symptoms of the disorder must appear before the age of 7. In some children, signs of ADHD are noticeable as early as 2 or 3 years of age.
Altered brain function and anatomy. While the exact cause of ADHD remains a mystery, brain scans have revealed important differences in the structure and brain activity of people with ADHD. For example, there appears to be less activity in the areas of the brain that control activity levels and attention.
There's still a lot that remains a mystery about ADHD, but the factors above have been known to either cause or contribute to the disorder.Causes
~ The Mayo Clinic
Stimulant medications (Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana, Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat)
consistent and predictable.
easy for the child to follow.
~ Marotz, 2009
Teachers should make every effort to educate themselves about any and all health issues that a child in their classroom may face. They should bring awareness, education and understanding to the other students in the classroom, and make it known that there will be no tolerance for ridicule or discrimination by anyone, at any time. With proper support, guidance and treatment, children can gain the ability to manage ADHD (or any other health issue/disorder they may have) in order to thrive in all aspects of life.On a Side Note
Marotz, L. R. (2009). Health, safety and nutrition for the young child. (7 ed., pp. 107-109). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar, Cengage Learning.