The South and the Slavery Controversy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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    1. The South and the Slavery Controversy APUSH Ms. Weston 11/15/06

    2. Key Themes of the Civil War Civil War as a test of nationhood Economic and racial exploitation of slavery Sectionalism Conflict and compromise between North and South War solidified Union and ended slavery Question whether nation was truly reconstructed

    3. King Cotton Slavery reinvigorated after cotton gin in 1793 Cotton Kingdom of South was huge agricultural factory Northerners also profited from shipping and manufacturing Foreign nations dependent on Southern cotton This made South arrogant

    4. The Planter Aristocracy South as an oligarchygovernment by the few Small group of planter aristocracy owned most slaves, provided political and social leadership of South Undemocratic systempoor in South denied tax-supported education Southern planters trying to protect feudal society

    9. Negatives of the slave system Plantation agriculture wasteful Economy in South encouraged monopolies Financial instability in systemlots of debt South dangerously dependent on one crop economy, no manufacturing of own South also repelled immigrants

    11. Whites in the South Small minority rich slave-ownersthey owned the most slaves Next was smaller slave-ownersmost slave owners had only 1-2 slaves, masters worked with slaves Whites without slavesredneck, subsistence farmers Often strongest supporters of slavery!!! Mountain whitesin Appalachians, hated planters and slaves, would work with Union during war.

    13. Free Blacks in South In upper South, some blacks freed after Revolution In deep South, free blacks mainly mulattoesfreed by their master/father, some purchased freedom Treated as third race

    14. Free Blacks in North Also unpopular Forbidden entrance to some states, kept from vote, and public schools Often tensions with immigrants in North

    15. Plantation Slavery By 18604 million slaves Most from reproduction Slaves seen as investment Slaves were often forced to breed or sold in auction Families were separated often

    16. Life Under the Lash Conditions varied depending on region and plantation Everywhere slaves had no political or civil rights Whippings common Slave life hardest in Deep South (South Carolina-Georgia) Slave life most stable on large plantationsfamily life stable, slave culture developed