Samuel de Champlain. The Father of New France a French explorer navigator Cartographer Soldier geographer ethnologist diplomat chronicler . He is:. Antoine de Champlain Marguerite Leroy Samuel de Champlain + Helene Boulle (married in 1610)
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Samuel de Champlain + Helene Boulle (married in 1610)
Date of birth: August 13, 1574
Place of birth: the village of Brouage, ancient Province of Saintonge
-Champlain'sschool education was limited,because Brouagewas the occasion of frequent struggles, during the civil wars of the time, and his active habits and excellent common-sense led him to educate himself.
-He often came in contact with men of high character, connected with the military and commercial departments.
- he paid considerable attention to the study and practice of drawingSamuel de Champlain’seducation
Champlain became involved with group who were interested in the fur trade and in 1603 was dispatched for North America.He used his cartographers skills and produced a map of the St Lawrence river and upon his return to France published the map.First Explorations1603
Champlain was chosen to be geographer on an expedition to Acadia. They landed in May on the southeast coast of Nova Scotia and Champlain was asked to choose a location for a temporary settlement. He explored the Bay of Fundy and St. John River area before selecting a small island in the St. Croix River. The team built a fort and spent the winter there.1604
Champlain landed with his settlers and established a new settlement named Quebec City.1608
made contact and formed friendly relations with the Huron, the Algonquin, the Montagnais and the Etchemin. The mighty Iroquois were their enemy and they appealed to Champlain to help them with their fight against them. Champlain and 9 of his soldiers setout with 300 Algonquin's to explore the Iroquois lands to the south and travelled south along the Richelieu River to Lake Champlain.1609
he traveled upriver from Quebec City to the former village of Hochelega where he established Montreal.
made a brave voyage into the interior of Canada accompanied by a tribe of Native Americans with whom he had good relations, the Hurons. Champlain and the French aided the Hurons in an attack on the Iroquois, but they lost the battle and Champlain was hit in the knee with an arrow and unable to walk. He lived with the Hurons that winter, between the foot of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe. During his stay, he composed one of the earliest and most detailed accounts of Native American life.1615
Champlain spent some time writing about his travels until, in 1632, the British and the French signed the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, returning Quebec to the French. Champlain returned to be its governor. By this time, however, his health was failing and he was forced to retire in 1633. He died in Quebec on Christmas Day in 1635.Later Years and Death
Samuel de Champlainreported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley. This is believed due to outmigration, epidemic of European diseases, or intertribal wars.
-founded Quebec, Montreal
-Discovered Lake Champlain
-Created detailed maps of Atlantic coast and St. Lawrence River
-Strove to establish peaceful relations with the many Indian nations he encounteredConclusion
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