Weather & Climate. Intro to Weather Clip. Weather by Brainpop. 1) What cycle is the basis of our weather? 2) What causes precipitation to occur? 3) Where do storms usually occur?. Weather. Temporary behavior of atmosphere (what’s going on at any certain time) Small geographic area
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Weather & Climate Intro to Weather Clip
Weather by Brainpop 1) What cycle is the basis of our weather? 2) What causes precipitation to occur? 3) Where do storms usually occur?
Weather • Temporary behavior of atmosphere (what’s going on at any certain time) • Small geographic area • Can change rapidly
Weather • --The study of weather is meteorology • --Someone who studies weather is called a meteorologist
Climate Types by Brainpop • .What is climate? • .Where are tropical climates most likely to be? • .What does “arid” mean?
Climate • Long-term behavior of atmosphere (100+ years) • Large geographic area • Very slow to change
What Factors Affect Weather & Climate? • The Sun • The Water Cycle • The Atmosphere • The Ocean
How Does the Sun Affect Weather? • It warms the atmosphere & oceans • It creates climate zones • It keeps the water cycle going • It affects weather patterns
REVIEW • Define weather: • Temporary behavior of the atmosphere, small area, and rapid change • Define climate: • Long term behavior of atmosphere, large area, and slow change • What four factors affect the weather • Sun, atmosphere, water cycle, and oceans
How Does the SunAffect Weather? • Radiation: energy transferred as waves The Sun and Weather
How Does the Sun Affect Weather? • Conduction: energy transferred when molecules bump together The heat makes the copper atoms vibrate faster. These atoms in turn make the atoms near them vibrate faster. In this way the heat energy is gradually transferred along the rod from the hot end towards the cooler end. Good conductors of heat: Copper, gold, Aluminium Insulators (poor conductors): Wood, plastic, glass, china, cork A saucepan is made of aluminium or copper which is a good conductor of heat. The handle is made of plastic or wood which is a poor conductor
How Does the Sun Affect Weather? • Convection: transfer of heat by FLOW of material; happens after the other two…
REFOCUS • Three types of heating: • Radiation • Convection • conduction
REVIEW • Define weather • Three types of climates • Three types of energy transference
The Water Cycle by Brainpop • What process must happen for clouds to form? • What is “collection”? • Name one way to conserve water.
The Water Cycle • All the water on the planet is recycled in this manner!
Parts of the Cycle • Evaporation—Water going from a liquid to a gas (gains energy from the sun) Evaporation
Parts of the Cycle • *Transpiration—evaporation of water from/out of plants. Locate this on the diagram! transpiration
Parts of the Cycle • Condensation—Water going from a gas to a liquid (cools or loses energy) • When this happens in the atmosphere, CLOUDS form.
Parts of the Cycle • Precipitation—when water falls out the atmosphere. Forms when the water droplets in clouds become too heavy to stay up. Rain Clip
Parts of the Cycle • Collection- Water collects into streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, and oceans.
The Water Cycle Water Cycle by Brainpop
Earth’s Atmsophere by Brainpop • . What is ozone? • . What layer of the atmosphere does weather occur in? • . What 2 gases compose the most of Earth’s Atmosphere?
How does the atmosphere affect weather? How does the atmosphere affect weather? • The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth • Has five different layers; each has different properties • We’ll label them in just a minute… • Air Temperature and Pressure change with altitude • Weather occurs in the layer closest to Earth (troposphere) • The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth • Has five different layers; each has different properties • We’ll label them in just a minute… • Air Temperature and Pressure change with altitude • Weather occurs in the layer closest to Earth (troposphere)
Write in the labels! Exosphere Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Ozone layer Stratosphere Troposphere
Fronts • = places where air masses meet • 4 Types: Warm, Cold, Occluded, Stationary • Each kind can bring different kinds of weather
Air Masses • = body of air with a certain temperature and moisture level • Can be warm or cold • Can contain a lot of moisture or not a lot of moisture
Long Rains Short Heavy Rains Occluded Front: Stationary Front: Drying of Air Mass Gentile Winds Light Rains
http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/crclm/act/gifs/fpr2.gifhttp://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/crclm/act/gifs/fpr2.gif • http://www.mesoscale.iastate.edu/agron206/animations/05_cnWfronts.html
Humidity by Brainpop • . What single factor controls humidity? • . What temperature air can hold the most water molecules? • . What causes water to evaporate into the atmosphere?
Relative Humidity • Measure of the amount of moisture in the air compared to what the air could hold • How “full” of water the air is • Expressed as % • 100% relative humidity = saturated air Relative Humidity Test Applet http://itg1.meteor.wisc.edu/wxwise/relhum/rhac.html
Relative Humidity Controlled by temperature 1. Warm air holds more moisture than cool air (more space for water vapor between air molecules) 2. As air warms, relative humidity decreases 3. As air cools, relative humidity increases
Dew Point • =Temperature at which the air is saturated (100% relative humidity) Several events can occur when the dew point temp. is reached: 1. If dew point temp. is above freezing: a. water vapor condenses as liquid b. dew will form on surfaces c. cloud droplets will form in air