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  1. Running head:MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 1 MA Program Applicants Essay Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation By

  2. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 2 MA Program Applicants Essay Question A I. Title: A Study of Factors Influencing peace building in Asia II. Investigators: Professor III. Hypothesis, goals of the project The primary goal of the project is to identify the factors that aid in peace building in Asia, specifically in Japanese society. The research questions that will be addressed include: 1)Does education play a key role in peace building? 2)What is the role of civil society in peace building? 3)What mostly causes conflicts in Japan? 4)What is the role of military in peace building in Japan? 3) Can the increased use of ICT aid in bringing people together? 4) In what ways is peace effective in enhancing regional integration and development? IV. Background and significance Peacemaking alludes to endeavors that are aimed at abnormal state political transactions with a specific end goal of making a political settlement. Peacebuilding refers to the improvement of productive group, individual, and political connections across religious, national, class, racial, and ethnic boundaries. It plans to aid in resolving injustice in peaceful ways and to change the auxiliary conditions that create lethal clash. Peace building is made of many parts of elements including conflict resolution, conflict prevention, transformation and conflict management. Peacebuilding is crucial in any political setting, and many studies have been carried out on the topic which determines the variables that affect and improve peace in any setting (Gaillard et al. 2008). In endeavoring to answer the research questions, the paper will

  3. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 3 build up what describes peace building exercises embraced by Japanese societies and how their states of mind to Peace building contrast from the Asian nations’ standard perspectives of peace building. It is contended here that in Japanese connection Peacebuilding is molded by a Westphalian vision of the world instead of the post-Westphalian perspectives of the liberal interventionists. In this way, for Japanese society peace building does not infer conflict resolution exercises along the lines of peacemaking. Rather, the practice of peace building in Japan is practiced through peacekeeping and financial help streams. Official association in a nation's inward political undertakings, including compassionate mediations that include the utilization of power, or in residential peace procedures is generally avoided. Just like in other Asian countries and as in Western connections, there is a developing specialty for civil society in Japan peace building exercises and in addition in the space of non-conventional security issues. This advancement will be thoroughly investigated in this paper. Previous research indicates most certain findings that ICT and education influence peace building. Specifically, the studies come to a consensus that education and ICT bring people together thus promoting peace (Bercovitch & DeRouen, 2011). Countries or regions with peaceful coexistence tend to have high economic development and growth (Söderberg & Nelson, 2010). These variables have been effectively explored in previous researches, and it is clear that they are effective in enhancing peace building; however, further research needs to be conducted on the role of ICT, especially social media. According to Weissmann (2010), in spite of the fact that endeavors to detach variables to better comprehend appraisals have been tried many times, huge numbers of the findings are flawed because of the absence of data and successful statistical methods (Doyle & Sambanis, 2006).

  4. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 4 In the midst of the prolongation of adjustment operations by global powers, Japan has begun taking more proactive roles in the peace-building process. Japan has received a methodology in which it adds to humanitarian assistance and recreation support operations in rather one of a kind ways, while not taking an interest specifically in adjustment operations. The Japan military has been subjected to greater pressure to restrict their operations by carrying out national and international peace operations. This has been effective in a reappraisal of humanitarian help as well as reconstruction support operations. An examination of education programming in struggle or conflict-influenced nations shows a scope of intercessions at three expansive levels: reform of education sector; service delivery; and the commitment of education to more extensive social change forms. There are different aspects of education that have aided Japanese societies in positively influencing the dynamics of conflicts thus making contributions to peace building. In conflict-affected regions, education plays an important role of a mean of socialization as well as the development of identity through the transmission and acquisition of values, knowledge, skills and attitudes across generations hence contributing to peace building and conflict transformation. These variables have been investigated and much has been found or specifically explored concerning their consequences for peace building and what components impact the probability of changing, overseeing, avoiding and determining clashes inside of Japan. Besides, the underlying drivers or the outside and interior figures that initially came about the conditions for the flare-up of viciousness are concentrated on. According to Gulalp (2006), in spite of the fact that endeavors to seclude variables to better comprehend evaluations have been endeavored ordinarily, large portions of the discoveries are imperfect because of absence of information and successful measurable techniques.

  5. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 5 V. Research method, Design For effective analysis, the research questions will be analyzed by conducting a literature review on the given parameters. I will consult various secondary sources of information including websites, books, and journals on the topic. I will then write a report detailing my findings on the research topic. Also, I will use quantitative analysis techniques for question one and three. The study outline will be participatory activity research since it will include exploratory study into many different scholarly settings. Likewise, the examination instrument that will be utilized is a survey. The study outline was Phenomenological and basic investigation into the external and internal factors that cause conflicts as well as the factors that promote peace building since it will involve the use of secondary research. The study will include the secondary research or examination and consequently, the source of information will be historical data on the theme. VI. Human Subjects Interaction There will be no participants because the study will involve the use of historical data. Participants will therefore not be recruited. It is anticipated that education play a key role in peace building as it brings people together; civil society also plays a vital role in peace building as it helps in the development of identity; and military plays an active role in peace building in Japan. The increased use of ICT aids in bringing people together hence promoting peace building, and therefore, peace effective in enhancing regional integration and development of a country. On the other hand, a waiver of the informed consent has been asked for because the secondary survey information and data will be utilized and it was gathered secretly.

  6. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 6 VI. The resources to be utilized In the analysis of the research questions, I will use the main data obtained from the previous researches. I will use quantitative analysis techniques using information and data from websites, books, and journals on the topic. The secondary researches to be used are evaluations, discussions, synthesis as well as analyses of both secondary and primary sources of information. The project’s research resources will come from print media, for instance, journals, books, newspapers, brochures, magazines as well as other electronic sources like the World Wide Web and the internet. VII. POTENTIAL BENEFITS The research will provide a better understanding of what causes conflicts and what enhances peace building in Asia. In addition, it will broaden one’s knowledge regarding the role played by education and ICT in peace building. The results will aid in determining how to encourage peace in the future to enhance economic growth, development, and regional integration. VIII. Potential risks The loss of privacy or confidentiality will not exist because scholarly secondary sources or journals will be used. All the factors both internal and external that cause conflict or the factors that influence peace building will be carefully identified, analyzed and then presented in a report format. To further, facilitate the decrease in the danger of identification and confidentiality, information will be saved and stored on a protected network server. Moreover, just total or aggregate information will be examined and reported.

  7. MA PROGRAM APPLICANTS ESSAY 7 References Alexander, H., Pinson, H. Yonah, Y. (2010) Citizenship, Education and Social Conflict, Routledge. Bercovitch, J., & DeRouen, K. R. (2011). Unraveling internal conflicts in East Asia and the Pacific: Incidence, Consequences, and resolutions. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. Call C.T. and Cousens E. M. (2008). Ending Wars and Building Peace: International Responses to War-Torn Societies, International Studies Perspectives (2008) 9, 1–21. Conteh-Morgan E. (2005). Peacebuilding and Human Security: A Constructivist Perspective, Doyle, M. W., & Sambanis, N. (2006). Making war and building peace: United Nations peace operations. Princeton University Press. Gaillard, J. C., Clavé, E., & Kelman, I. (2008). Wave of peace? Tsunami disaster diplomacy in Aceh, Indonesia. Geoforum, 39(1), 511-526. Green, A., Preston, J. and Janmaat, J.G. (2006) Education, Equality and Social Cohesion: A Comparative Analysis, Palgrave MacMillan. Gulalp, H. (2006) Citizenship and Ethnic Conflict: Challenging the Nation-State, Routledge Research in Comparative Politics. International Journal of Peace Studies, Volume 10, Number 1 Söderberg, M., & Nelson, P. A. (2010). Japan's politics and economy: Perspectives on change. London: Routledge. Weissmann, M. (2010). The South China Sea conflict and Sino-ASEAN relations: a study in conflict prevention and peacebuilding. Asian Perspective, 35-69.