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New Technology of World War One

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  1. New Technology of World War One 1914 - 1918

  2. Chlorine Gas and Mustard GAs Bolt Action Rifle Tanks Brand New WWI Technology Artillery Fire Submarine Mustard Gas Planes Zeppelins

  3. BOLT ACTION RIFLE • Most accurate firing rifle of the era • Fires 15 rounds a minute • Accuracy could kill a person almost 1400 meters away • French attached a bayonet to this weapon

  4. MACHINE GUNS • Needed between 4-6 men to man them in 1914 • Had to be positioned on a flat surface to be used/overheated easily • Fired 400-600 rounds per minute • Good as a defensive warfare technology

  5. ARTILLERY FIRE • Describe large calibre field guns • These guns fired artillery shells which exploded upon impact • Artillery shells were filled with shrapnel • Needed 10 men to operate

  6. CHLORINE GAS • Distinctive smell and color (yellow green cloud) • Within seconds of inhaling the gas it destroyed the lungs causing a soldier to choke • First used by the Germans at the Battle of Ypres

  7. Used to pollute enemy trenches because the gas remained active in the soil for weeks • Caused soldiers skin to blister(mustard-colored blisters), eyes to be sore, and vomiting. • Soldiers would eventually die from internal and external bleeding from blisters • 5 weeks to dies • Very painful death for soldiers Mustard Gas

  8. Casualties From Gas - The Numbers • Country/ Total Casualties/ Death • Austria-Hungary: 100,000/ 3,000 • British Empire: 188,7068/ 109 • France: 190,000/ 8,000 • Germany: 200,000 / 9,000 • Italy: 60,000/ 4,627 • Russia: 419,340/ 56,000 • USA: 72,807/ 1,462 • Others: 10,000/ 1,000

  9. GAS MASKS • In order to protect soldiers from gas attacks, gas masks were developed • Gas masks became standard issued items to soldiers during World War I

  10. ZEPPELINS • Germany first developed the Zeppelins • These airships weighed 12 tons and contained over 40,000 cubic feet of hydrogen • Travelled at speeds of up to 136mph and heights of 4250 metres! • They were used for air strikes • Abandoned because they were highly explosive and easy targets of the enemy

  11. PLANES This is a German Bi-plane called the Fokker • The first planes were used for reconnaisance work • As the war progressed airplanes were used to deliver explosives • Pilots were even known to fight enemy aircraft in the air, in ‘dogfights’ to protect the men on the ground • Early planes were known as flaming corpses This is a British plane called a Voisin

  12. Tanks • First tank was nicknamed Little Willy • Used by the British at the battle of the Somme • Used to offer protection to soldiers from machine gun fire • Moved 2 mph • Not a success for the Allies (could not cross enemy trenches) Little Willie

  13. Submarines • Germans developed the u-boat (undersea boat) • Used to conduct unrestricted submarine warfare (torpedo any ships the u-boats encountered • In May of 1915, U-20 sank the liner RMS Lusitania

  14. The weapons of WWI will cause a new kind of war to be fought. • Soldiers will be forced to • New weapons will cause war to have a high death rate