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LAW, JUSTICE and Development week 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT November 14-17, 2011 Washington DC PowerPoint Presentation
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LJD. LAW, JUSTICE and Development week 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT November 14-17, 2011 Washington DC. LAW JUSTICE and DEVELOPMENT. “Three to Tango”. Camilo Azcarate , Manager Office of Mediation Services (MEF) World Bank Group

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slide1

LJD

LAW, JUSTICE and Development week 2011INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENTFOR DEVELOPMENTNovember 14-17, 2011 Washington DC

LAW

JUSTICE and

DEVELOPMENT

three to tango
“Three to Tango”

CamiloAzcarate, Manager

Office of Mediation Services (MEF)

World Bank Group

“Stakeholder participation in Environmental and Social Dispute Resolution Processes”

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

farallones national park los andes colombia 1993
Farallones National ParkLos Andes, Colombia -1993
  • Located: SW of Colombia, between Valle del Cauca and Pacific Ocean
  • 206,500 hectares , 30 rivers. Designated as a National Park in 1968
  • Hundreds of species of flora and fauna, some unique/ endemic
  • Los Andes
    • 3,300 inhabitants
    • Activities: subsistence agriculture, logging, mining in the Farallones area
  • Issues
    • land use, titles and possessions not regularized
    • Water quantity/ quality
    • Later: illegal mining using mercury and cyanide

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

slide4

Farallones National Park Los Andes, Colombia -1993

  • Direct Negotiations (attempt)
    • Initiated by local government
    • EMCALI (water utility)
    • Local community
  • Trainings provided in negotiation to local community leaders in “Los Andes”
  • Challenges: community stakeholders not engaging, high levels of distrust, security issues
  • Photos: “El Pais”, Cali, Colombia

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

housatonic river pittsfield ma 1997 2011
Housatonic River Pittsfield, MA- 1997 -2011
  • Pittsfield
    • Located in Berkshires, East end of Massachusetts
    • Population 45,000 , per capita income $20,000/year
    • “Company Town”: GE was employer of choice for decades
  • Issue:-PCB Contamination
    • 1930’s – 1970’s: leaking of PCB’s into Housatonic River
    • 1990’s: Community created stakeholder groups (i.e. Housatonic River Initiative) to advocate for clean-up efforts
    • 1997: EPA plan to designate as “Superfund”

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

housatonic river pittsfield ma 1997 20111
Housatonic River Pittsfield, MA -1997 -2011
  • Mediation
    • Between GE and local, state and Federal government and agencies.
    • Agreement (Consent Decree) completed in 1999
  • Challenges:
    • community felt “left out” of mediation (i.e. HRI)
    • high levels of anger/ distrust towards GE
    • complex/ long-term implementation with different alternatives for remediation
  • Facilitation:
    • Creation of a facilitated “Citizen’s Coordinating Council” (CCC)
    • CCC facilitated originally by MODR, currently by CBI
  • Clean-up and facilitated CCC is on-going

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

motorsports park immokalee fl 2001
Motorsports ParkImmokalee, FL -2001
  • Immokalee
    • Collier County, SW Florida
    • 4,000 families
    • 39% below poverty line, mostly agricultural laborers
  • Issue: noise/ environmental impact
    • Current activities include weekend drag racing in the location of local airport
    • 2000: proposal for the creation of Motorsports Park,
    • Community concerns with current and future noise impact
    • Economic Development impact of Motorsports Park

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

motorsports park immokalee fl 20011
Motorsports ParkImmokalee, FL 2001
  • Facilitation
    • Community Advisory Committee, comprised of Key Stakeholders: community leaders, business leaders, government officials
    • “Advisory” role
    • Selection of Acoustic Engineer for analysis regarding: current noise levels, projected sound levels and effectiveness of proposed measures to reduce noise
  • Noise Impact Evaluation

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

lessons learned
Lessons Learned

Lesson 1: Importance of availability of professional, independent providers of “neutral services” for assessment, design and implementation

Lesson 2: Importance of Assessing the situation

Who is a Stakeholder?

  • Who is/ will be impacted?
  • Who has a role in implementing ?
  • Who must agree ?
  • Who can block ?

Key questions: Are stakeholders well defined? Do they have spoke-persons? Are they sufficiently organized to engage? Do they have the resources needed to participate is the process?

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

lessons learned1
Lessons Learned

What are the Issues?

  • What are the principal issues?
  • What are the secondary issues?
  • How do the parties perceive the issues?
  • What is the most constructive way to define the problem (framing)?
  • What are the interests of each party?

Key questions: Do the stakeholders have interests in common? Do they have a sense of interdependence?

Relationship/ Process

  • What is the past history of interaction/ relationship between the parties?
  • Has some form of dispute resolution been attempted in the past? Have options for solutions been explored in the past?
  • What do parties think about using some form of dispute resolution?
  • Is engagement in the interests of the parties (BATNA)?
  • Would there be constraints on an attempt to use possible dispute resolution - timing, legal considerations, others?

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT

thank you

Thank you!

LJD WEEK 2011 INNOVATION AND EMPOWERMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT