America Grows Up. Classroom Notes. George Washington. Precedent A standard or model for others to follow Washington is doing things for the first time It will set the standard for all others. Creation of a Cabinet. Vice President —John Adams (Fed)
Not everyone wanted this war
War ends with the Treaty of Ghent in 1814, US wins
—Henry Clay’s answer for the struggling American Economy
4. The Monroe Doctrine—Monroe’s Attempt to secure American neutrality
King Andrew I1. How is Andrew Jackson dressed? How does the way he is dressed explain the cartoon’s caption?2. Was the comparison of Jackson to a king meant as praise or criticism? Explain.3. What paper is Jackson holding in his hand? What incident is the cartoonist referring to with the paper?4. What pieces of paper are lying on the floor beneath Jackson? To what incidents might these objects refer?5. What do you think the cartoonist thought of Jackson? Explain.6. How, in your opinion, was the cartoonist trying to influence American public opinion toward Jackson?7. Analyze this cartoon further using the 8 steps to analyzing a political cartoon on the back of this sheet.
5. Gold discovered in California!!
1848—gold discovered in California
1849—California gold rush
1850—California wants to become a state
-South claims that it is unconstitutional
-Texas claims independence from Mexico and becomes their own country!
-Mexico wants to take it back, so Texas asks to become a state for protection
-Problems? Admitting Texas will add a big chunk of land to the United States, however, it will be a slave state and will probably get the United States involved in a war with Mexico
-Texas is admitted, the US goes to war with Mexico and wins, gaining a larger piece of land called the Mexican Cession
-The lands of the Texas Annexation and Mexican Cession want to become states
-California is admitted as a free state
-Mexican Cession divided into the Utah and New Mexico territories, the people in those territories would decide on slave or free (vote), this was called popular sovereignty
-The slave trade was abolished in Washington, D.C.
-Fugitive Slave law passed—any runaway slave to the north had to be returned to the south
-California is free
-No slave trade in D.C. (south feared that it would eventually mean slavery is abolished everywhere)
-Fugitive slave law passed (means slavery is legal everywhere)
-Allows popular sovereignty (means slavery could be legal everywhere)
-Voids/repeals the Missouri Compromise
-The new territories of Kansas and Nebraska want to become states
-Law allowed for the people to decide (vote, popular sovereignty)
-Seems like a good idea, right?
-Slaves have no say in the issue
-leads to fighting and riots prior to the elections (Bleeding Kansas)
Can you see how a Civil War may be brewing?