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Joint Helicopter Safety Implementation Team (JHSIT). Latin America Regional International Helicopter Safety Symposium June 2007 S ã o Paulo, Brazil. Overview. Membership The Goal Implementation Tools Leverage Initial JHSAT Recommendations Cultural Change The Work Ahead.

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joint helicopter safety implementation team jhsit

Joint Helicopter Safety Implementation Team(JHSIT)

Latin America Regional

International Helicopter Safety Symposium

June 2007

São Paulo, Brazil

overview
Overview
  • Membership
  • The Goal
  • Implementation Tools
  • Leverage
  • Initial JHSAT Recommendations
  • Cultural Change
  • The Work Ahead

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide4

Factors That Led To Breakthroughs in

Major Fatal Accident Rates Since 1946

Pressurized Aircraft into fleet (L-049, DC-6 & B-377) Earliest ILS (Glide slope, LOC & markers)

Broad implementation of VOR and DME

Radar introduced at selected towers

Vickers-700 Turboprop (1953 in UK, 1956 US)

DC-7 (1955), Lockheed Electra ATC centers RADAR

and radio contact with cruise aircraft 1949-55

Long-Range radar (Centers)

Jet Engine; 707 (1958) & DC-8

VOR/DME integrated into autopilot

(precision approaches)

Secondary radar

Major Fatal Accidents Per Million Departures

FMS

CRM & 6-Axis Simulator & FDR

Windshear

Cabin Safety

RNAV (processing VOR/DME & basic Instruments)

GPWS, TCAS; Early automation

FOQA/ASAP & ATC Data

RJ Revolution

New Large Jets

Cooperative safety agenda

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide5
Implementation Tools
    • Rules/Regulations
    • Standards
    • Policies
    • Guidance

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide6
Rules/Regulations
    • Usually sets a
      • Requirement,
      • Prohibition, a
      • Procedure, or,
      • Provides Information
    • May be tied to a Standard
    • The best regulations are
      • Foundational
      • Adaptable
    • Typically cumbersome to change – on purpose

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide7
Standards
    • A description of acceptable performance or characteristic for certification and ongoing operation
      • Technical Standard Order
      • Practical Test Standard
      • ATC Procedures
      • Airspace Design
    • Failure to meet the standard after certification may be cause for re-examination

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide8
Policies
    • Usually contained within the regulatory agency
    • Controls the application of standards, and hence, regulations, by the regulator
      • Examples
        • Restricted Category Aircraft Operating Limitations
        • Check Airman Designation

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide9
Guidance
    • Provides the “school solution” for design, manufacture, operations, maintenance, and training
      • Advisory Circulars
      • Aeronautical Information Manual/ Aeronautical Information Publication
      • Handbooks
      • Training Aids
      • Safety Alerts For Operators (SAFOs)
      • Information For Operators (INFOs)

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide10
Leverage
    • If a rule specifies a performance, that rule can act as the fulcrum for policy which defines acceptable performance.

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide11
JHSAT interim recommendations:

Promote the adoption of Safety Management Systems in the helicopter community.

More consistent and comprehensive NTSB involvement and investigation needed in helicopter accidents.

Reestablish the collection of worldwide helicopter fleet hour data as previously performed by the FAA.

Establish a helicopter safety website to disseminate important information.

Use proximity detection equipment in helicopters.

Use flight recording devices and cockpit image recording systems in helicopters.

Develop a strategy to improve pilot Aeronautical Decision Making.

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide13
Cultural Change
    • Drinking
      • Then - Otis Campbell / the Andy Griffith Show
      • Now - MADD / Drinking and Driving
      • Now – Enabling is out…
    • Smoking
      • Then - “Dive Bomber” starring Errol Flynn and Fred MacMurry
      • Now – Second hand smoke / restaurants and bars
      • Now - Advertising
    • Seat belt use in automobiles
      • Then – “Sissy”
      • Now – Unacceptable not to use them

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide14
Framework for Cultural Change - Safety Management System
    • Scalable
    • Adaptable
    • Integrated
    • Compliant
  • IHST SMS Tool rollout for September IHSS 2007

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide15
The Work Ahead
  • The Current JHSIT:
    • Dealing with JHSAT recommendations based on US NTSB data
    • Will develop processes and methods to implement foundational and technical recommendations
    • Will share those processes with Regional JHSITs

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

balancing cost of safety

SEEKING THE ‘BUCKET’

BALANCING COST OF SAFETY

Cost Of Safety

Cost Due To Accidents

Total Cost

Business Cost

Safety Program Costs

slide17

Decrease Risk

Decrease Concern

Increase Concern

High

Low

RISK

MOTIVATING RISK MITIGATION

High

Fad

CONCERN Level of audience

Data

slide18
The Work Ahead
  • International Helicopter Safety Team

We must expand active participation beyond North America

    • Regionality of risks and implementations
      • Physical environment
      • Business environment
      • Political Environment
    • National Regulators
    • ICAO
    • International Operators
    • Regional JHSITs

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

slide19
Summary
  • We are moving out on the foundational interim recommendations
  • We await the technical recommendations from the JHSAT due next month
  • We look forward to working with the regional JHSITs
  • We are committed to fostering the Cultural Change

Implementation of Safety Initiatives

jhsit co chairs
JHSIT CO-CHAIRS

Hooper Harris

US DOT/FAA

Commuter, On Demand, and Training Center Branch

202-267-3437 (USA)

hooper.harris@faa.gov

Gregory F. Wyght

Vice President, Safety & Quality

CHC Helicopter Corporation

604-232-7428 (Canada)

gwyght@chc.ca