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The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah Restoration and Reformation Ray of Hope Christian Church April 10, 2012 PowerPoint Presentation
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The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah Restoration and Reformation Ray of Hope Christian Church April 10, 2012. Ezra 1: 1-8. Ezra, who was a priest, has traditionally been identified as the author of Ezra and author/compiler of Nehemiah. Composition of Ezra 440 B.C. and Nehemiah Memoirs 430 B.C.

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Ezra, who was a priest, has traditionally been identified as the author of Ezra and author/compiler of Nehemiah

ezra and nehemiah originally one composition josephus a d 37 100 jewish historian
Ezra and Nehemiah originally one composition – Josephus (A.D. 37-100) Jewish Historian
  • Origin (A.D. 185 -253) – first writer known to distinguish the books as I Ezra and II Ezra
  • Jerome, translator of the Latin Vulgate (fifteen years) called Nehemiah the second book of Ezra
  • Hebrew Manuscript (Hebrew Bible) separation first occurred in 1448
timeline of ezra and nehemiah
Timeline of Ezra and Nehemiah
  • 538-515 B.C. – First return under Zerubbabel
  • 483-473 B.C. – The Book of Esther
  • 456 B.C. – Second return under Ezra
  • 444-425 B.C. – Third return under Nehemiah
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Ezra
  • Great figure in Jewish History
  • Descendent of Israel’s High Priest Aaron
  • Studied, practiced and taught the law as an educated scribe (7:1-12)
  • Founder of the Great Synagogue where the canon of the OT Scripture was settled
contemporaries of ezra
Contemporaries of Ezra
  • Guatama Buddha (560-480 B.C.) in India
  • Confucius (551-479 B.C.) in China
  • Socrates (470-399 B.C.) in Greece
structure and history ezra 1 6 the first return
Structure and History:Ezra 1-6: The First Return
  • Return of a Remnant (49,897 of 2 or 3 million)
  • Leader was Zerubbabel – means “descended from Babylon”
        • Lineage of David
  • Names of the heads of Remnant
        • Judah, Benjamin and Levi
structure and history ezra 1 6 the first return1
Structure and History:Ezra 1-6: The First Return
  • Rebuild the Temple
        • Altar
        • Religious Feasts – Passover
        • Dedication of the Building
  • Prophetic Ministry of Haggai and Zechariah
structure and history ezra 7 10 the second return under ezra
Structure and History:Ezra 7-10: The Second Return under Ezra
  • 81 years after the first return – 456 B.C.
  • 2000 Israelites
  • Intercessory Ministry of Ezra (9:1-15)
  • Renewal of the Covenant (Confession of Sin and Reformation)
nehemiah
Nehemiah
  • Cupbearer for King Artaxerses I, a prominent position of authority and influence
  • Man of courage, integrity, godliness, selflessness and prayer
  • Complete dependence upon God
structure and history nehemiah 1 6 reconstruction of the wall
Structure and History:Nehemiah 1-6: Reconstruction of the Wall
  • 13 years after the second return (Ezra) and 94 years after the first return
  • Malachi prophesied during this time
  • The end of the historical account of the OT (400 years before the birth of Christ)
structure and history nehemiah 1 6 reconstruction of the wall1
Structure and History:Nehemiah 1-6: Reconstruction of the Wall
  • Practical and Spiritual applications in relationship
      • Prayer (1:4-11)
      • Secret Survey (2:11-20)
  • Opposition (3-6)
structure and history nehemiah 7 13 reinstruction restoration of the people
Structure and History:Nehemiah 7-13: Reinstruction/Restoration of the People
  • Renewal of the Covenant (8-11)
  • Dedication of the Walls (12)
  • Reformation of the People (13)
theological themes of ezra and nehemiah faithfulness of god forgiveness and restoration
Theological Themes of Ezra and NehemiahFaithfulness of God (Forgiveness and Restoration)
  • Isaiah 44:28 – 45:13 (200 years before)
  • Jeremiah 29:10-14
sovereignty of god
Sovereignty of God

Ezra 1:1-8

Ezra 6:1-13

favor
Favor
  • Nehemiah 2:7-9 –Favor with the King
      • Resources
      • Security
  • Nehemiah 5:15-19 – Favor because of Justice