Multi-ethnic Thessaloniki then and today. Thessaloniki. Good strategic position, at the crossroads of the East and the West Mediterranean and Europe with Asia.
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In important 1923, with the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, Christians remained in Greece, while Muslims returned to Turkey, the Jews went to America and France, but for the majority Thessaloniki remained their home.
In April 1941 the Germans occupied Thessaloniki. Thousands of Jews were persecuted by the Nazis and their community (counting 60,000 members) was destroyed.
All the books I used for my research describe Thessaloniki as a distinctive city, unique in the Balkans owing to its history and culture, but also to all the nations, which left their mark.
Despite of that they had passed through different wars and atrocities, they lived for a long time in peace and mutual respect.