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Important Competencies for the Selection of Effective School Leaders: Principals’ Perceptions. Arturo J. Cavazos Martha N. Ovando The University of Texas at Austin Paper Presented at the 2012 University Council of Educational Administration: The Future is our: Leadership Matters

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important competencies for the selection of effective school leaders principals perceptions

Important Competencies for the Selection of Effective School Leaders: Principals’ Perceptions

Arturo J. Cavazos

Martha N. Ovando

The University of Texas at Austin

Paper Presented at the 2012 University Council of Educational Administration: The Future is our: Leadership Matters

November 15-18

Denver, Colorado

introduction
Introduction
  • Public Education has been under increased scrutiny since the passage of accountability laws accentuating the responsibilities for all educators, including principals.
  • The accountability standards for public schools and the changes in student demographics make the job of the principal more complex and demanding.
  • As a result, the selection of effective school principals has become critical to enhance student achievement
slide3

Previous research on competencies of effective principals have focused on superintendents’ perspectives (Rammer, 2007).

  • Few have focused on which competencies are important for the selection of campus leaders from the principals’ perspective within schools serving majority Hispanic students.
purpose of the study
Purpose of the Study

To examine which competencies are important for the selection of school principals along the Texas-Mexico border, from the principals’ perspective, how these are assessed during the selection process, and whether differences exist by campus level: elementary, middle, and high school.

research questions
Research Questions
  • What do principals perceive to be important competencies in the selection of an effective school leader?
  • How were the competencies of effective school principals assessed during the selection process?
  • What are the differences in the importance of the competencies by campus level: elementary, middle school, high schools?
methodology
Methodology
  • Quantitative Survey Research
  • Sample Selection
          • Campuses
          • Participating principals
  • Instrumentation
  • Data Analysis
additional forms of assessments
Additional Forms of Assessments
  • Other competencies were assessed using different methods. For example:
      • A Gallup Survey
      • Reference checks
      • Experience in the district
      • Familiarity with the district
slide15

Differences in the importance of the competencies by campus level: elementary, middle, and high school.

conclusions
Conclusions
  • All the identified competencies are endorsed as important for the selection of effective principals
  • Communication is the most important competency to consider in selecting a principal serving in predominantly Hispanic schools at any campus levels
  • Data-driven decision making is an emerging competency to consider when selecting principals along the Texas-Mexico border.
  • Assessment of competencies tends to rely mostly on interviews with a committee and interviews with the superintendent or designee
implications
Implications
  • Practice
    • School districts should determine the competencies that are relevant and important for principals serving in a specific school context.
    • Human resource managers must identify and employ the most effective methods for assessing the competencies.
    • Professional development initiatives should address the gaps in competencies of current principals.
implications cont
Implications(Cont.)
  • Aspiring principal candidates could complete a self assessment and use the results to address any gaps in their preparation.
  • Principal preparation programs should conduct assessment centers to identify candidate competencies and address their needs through curriculum or individualized development plans.
future research
Future Research
  • Focus on principals’ competencies in areas other than the Texas-Mexico border.
  • Determine similarities and differences relevant to gender or size of campus.
  • Include face to face interviews with select principals in a specific district.
  • Employ an inductive approach to identifying the emerging critical competencies given the current accountability context.
closure
Closure

Equity and excellence in education for all students demand an effective school principal for each and every campus. When the assessment of competencies correlated with effective school principals becomes an integral part of the selection process in all districts across the country, academic achievement should expand exponentially for all children.