imperialism n.
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IMPERIALISM

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  1. IMPERIALISM BECOMING A WORLD POWER IN THE LATE 1800s

  2. What is Imperialism? • Policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or a nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies • Under imperialism stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations (economically, politically, culturally and militarily)

  3. Why did imperialism grow? • Growth of industry – creates need for more natural resources (U.S. looks overseas) • Nationalism – countries (especially in Europe) competition for large empires, goal to be superior over other nations • Military factors – military technology led to more advanced armies and navies than those in Africa or Asia, and need for military bases • Duty to spread humanitarian aid and religion (Western civilizations laws, medicine and Christian religion)

  4. Forms of Imperial Rule • Colonies: direct or indirect rule of controlling nation • Protectorates: local rulers left in charge, but followed the foreign advisors advice • Spheres of Influence: outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges

  5. Hawaii • Why Hawaii? • Tropical climate, fertile soil • Good location for naval base and coaling station for travel to and from Asia • US begins to send missionaries and grow crops (sugar)

  6. Sugar exempted from US tariffs • 12 years later, US demands control of Pearl Harbor in exchange for tax free status; Hawaii refuses • Force King Kalakaua to sign new constitution at gun point; US gets rights to Pearl Harbor • Queen Liliuokalani tries to regain Hawaii, US Minister to Hawaii places marines around palace • Queen surrenders

  7. Hawaii annexed in 1898, despite opposition of most of Hawaii’s population • Became territory in 1900 and 50th state in 1959

  8. Becoming a World Power