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Chapter 5 . Vocabulary. Polis – City-State of ancient Greece Acropolis – Hilltop in ancient Greek City Monarchy – Government ruled by a Queen or King Aristocracy – Government ruled by a small group of noble families Oligarchy – Government ruled by a few powerful people

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chapter 5

Chapter 5

Vocabulary

slide2

Polis – City-State of ancient Greece

  • Acropolis – Hilltop in ancient Greek City
  • Monarchy – Government ruled by a Queen or King
  • Aristocracy – Government ruled by a small group of noble families
  • Oligarchy – Government ruled by a few powerful people
  • Phalanx – Side-by-Side fighting formation of Greek foot soldiers
  • Tyrant – Powerful rulers who controlled a city-state’s government
slide3

Helot – Peasant forced to stay on the land (slave)

  • Democracy – Rule by the people
  • Persian Wars – Wars between the Greek and the Persian Empire
slide4

Direct Democracy: Form of gov’t in which citizens rule directly

  • Classical Art: Art in which Harmony, Order, and Balance were emphasized
  • Tragedy: Serious drama dealing with the downfall of a hero or noble character
  • Comedy: Light and amusing play that may poke fun at serious subjects
  • Peloponnesian War: War in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
slide5

Philosophers: Thinkers who use logic and reason to explore life’s big questions

  • Socrates: Greek thinker who used truth and justice and developed a method of of questioning and answering
  • Plato: Socrates’ student who wrote The Republic, a view of the ideal society
  • Aristotle: Plato’s student who developed a method for testing and organizing ideas.
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Hellenistic: Relating to the culture that blended Greek with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences

  • Alexandria: Egyptian city that was the center of Hellenistic culture
  • Euclid: Greek mathematician and pioneer in Geometry
  • Archimedes: Greek Scientist, inventor, and mathematician
  • Colossus of Rhodes: Huge bronze statue created on the island of Rhodes.