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The Cold War Begins. What can happen when powerful friends become enemies? Pgs. 359-361. Superpowers. Superpower - A very powerful nation with great influence in world events. After WWII the United States and the Soviet Union became the two most powerful nations in the world.

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the cold war begins

The Cold War Begins

What can happen when powerful friends become enemies?

Pgs. 359-361

superpowers
Superpowers
  • Superpower - A very powerful nation with great influence in world events.
  • After WWII the United States and the Soviet Union became the two most powerful nations in the world.
  • However, the two nations were quite different from one another, so there were many conflicts between them.
the cold war
The Cold War
  • Although the two nations never went to war, the threat of war was great between the years of 1945-1991.
  • These years were frightening for citizens in both countries.
the berlin crisis
The Berlin Crisis
  • After WWII ended, the Allies divided Germany into four parts.
  • Each major ally took charge of one part.
  • The United States, France, and Britain worked together to build a strong West Germany.
  • The Soviet Union took control of East Germany and formed a Communist country there.
east germany
East Germany
  • With the formation of a Communist government in East Germany, the government took over land and businesses.
  • The people had little freedom to make decisions about how their society should be run.
berlin
Berlin
  • The capital of Germany, Berlin, was in East Germany. It was divided into four parts, too.
  • West Berlin was controlled by the Allies.
  • East Berlin was controlled by the Soviets.
  • You could not get to West Berlin without traveling through East Berlin.
berlin8
Berlin
  • The Soviet Union would not let the Western Allies send supplies through East Germany to West Berlin.
  • They blocked highways, railroads, and water routes so that no food or fuel could get to the city.
  • They hoped to drive the Western Allies out of West Berlin.
berlin9
Berlin
  • To avoid the blockade, the Allies airlifted supplies for more than 11 months.
  • Pilots made more than 272,000 flights into West Berlin.
  • The planes carried about 2 million tons of food and supplies to the people of West Berlin.
  • Eventually, the Soviets backed down and allowed supplies to be delivered over land.
the berlin wall
The Berlin Wall
  • After the blockade ended, many living in East Germany tried to escape communist rule.
  • In 1961, the East German government, built a concrete wall with barbed wire on top to keep people from leaving.
  • The wall was guarded by soldiers ready to shoot anyone who tried to cross it.
the iron curtain
“The Iron Curtain”
  • Communist countries were said to be “behind an iron curtain.”
  • The iron curtain was an idea to show how people in communist countries were cut off from the rest of the world.
  • Many viewed communism as a threat to freedom and worried about its spread to other countries.
the iron curtain15
“The Iron Curtain”
  • East Germany
  • Poland
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Hungary
  • Romania
  • Yugoslavia
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Soviet Union