los adjectivos posesivos n.
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Los adjectivos posesivos. Pagina 61-62. Uso de adjectivos posesivos. Indicates O wnership Possession They agree in number and gender with what is owned or possessed **Not with the possessor** No tengo mis libros. I don’t have my books.

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uso de adjectivos posesivos
Uso de adjectivos posesivos

Indicates

  • Ownership
  • Possession

They agree in number and gender with what is owned or possessed

**Not with the possessor**

  • No tengo mis libros. I don’t have my books.
  • Pedro tiene nuestra calculadora. Pedro has our calculator.
las formas
Las Formas
  • 2 forms of possessive adjective
    • Short form: mi, tu, su, nuestro, vuestro, su)
      • Precedes the noun
      • More commonly used in Spanish.
    • Long form: mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, vuestro, suyo)
      • Comes after the noun
m s de formas
Más De Formas

Long forms

    • Generally used for exclamations
      • ¡Dios mío! My Lord!
    • Equivalents of the English of mine, of yours, etc.
      • Es un amigo mío. He is a friend of mine.
  • If the Possessive adjective is linked to the noun by the verb ser, only the long form can be used.
    • Es amigo mío. He is a friend of mine.
su y suyo
Su y Suyo
  • In order to avoid ambiguity, (uncertainty or inexactness of meaning in language) su and suyo are frequently replaced by the de él, de ella, de Ud., de ellos, de ellas, de Uds. following the noun.
    • He visto su programa. Have you seen his (her, your, their) program.
    • He visto el programa suyo. Have you seen his (her, your, their) program.
    • He visto el programa de él. (his program)
    • He visto el programa de ella. (her program)
    • He el programa de Ud. (your program)
    • He visto el programa de ellos. (their program)
    • He visto el programa de ellas. (their program)
    • He visto el programa de Uds. (your program)
referring to body parts or clothing
Referring to body parts or clothing
  • Possessive adjective is not used when referring to parts of the body or clothing
    • El no se lavó las manos. He didn’t wash his hands.
    • Pedro salió sin los guantes. Pedro went out without his gloves.
  • But it is used in the following instances:
    • To clarify
      • él llevaba mi suéter. He was wearing my sweater.
    • If the part of the body is modified:
      • Yo amiraba su pelo largo y negro. I was admiring her long, black hair.
    • If the part of body or article of clothing is the subject of the sentence
      • Tu chaqueta está en el ropero. Your jacket is in the closet.
uso de pronombres posesivos
Uso de pronombres posesivos
  • Possessive pronouns function like possessive adjectives (indicating ownership or possession) but they replace the noun.
    • Directly refer to the noun owned or possessed

**Not with the possessor**

    • Agree in gender and number
      • Flora tiene dos entradas, la mía y la tuya.

Flora has two tickets, yours and mine

  • Formed by using the definite article and long form of possessive adj. ( el mío, el tuyo, el suyo, etc.)
    • Tu mochilla está aquí pero la mía no.

Your backpack is here but mine isn’t.

  • Definite article of the noun owned of possessed is an integral part of the possessive pronoun and can only be omitted after the verb ser.
    • Esta mochilla es tuya. This backpack is yours.
m s de adjectivos posesivos
Más de adjectivos posesivos
  • Short form:
    • Agree in gender and number with the thing possessed.
      • mi, mis (my)
      • tu, tus(yours)
      • su, sus (your, his, her, its)
  • Short possessive adjectives are always placed before the noun they modify.
  • mi, tu, and su had the same masculine and feminine form
  • nuestro and vuestro have a feminine form (nuestra, vuestra)
  • Make it plural by adding –s (mis primos)
  • su can mean his, her, your, its, or their. Avoid ambiguity by replacing su with de + noun or de + pronoun (él, ella, Ud., Uds., ellos, ellas)
            • El coche de Ana (Javier, etc.)
            • El coche de ella (ella, etc.)
  • Use su when there is no ambiguity.
    • Juana es muy rica. Su coche es un Rolls Royce. (Juana is very rich. Her car is a Rolls Royce)
  • nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras (our)
  • vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras (your)
  • su, sus (their)
a continuaci n
A Continuación
  • nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras (our)
  • vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras (your)
  • suyo, suya, suyos, suyas (yours, their)
  • Possessive long forms
    • mío, mía, míos, mías (mine)
    • tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuya (yours)
    • suyo, suya, suyos, suyas (yours, his, hers, its)

Un/el amigo mío.

Una/la amiga mía.

Unos/los amigos mío.

  • Long forms use possessive adj. that are always placed after the noun they modify.
  • Mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, and vuestro all have feminine forms
  • To make plural add –s
  • Mío, tuyo, nuestro, andvuestro only have one equivalent in English
  • suyo, suya, suyos, suyas can mean his, her, your, its, or their. Avoid ambiguity by replacing su with de + noun or de + pronoun (él, ella, Ud., Uds., ellos, ellas)
    • un/el tío de José (María, etc.)
  • Use suyo, suya, suyos, suyas when there is no ambiguity.
    • Jose tiene muchostíos. Un tío suyo.