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Important Events in World History Post WWII PowerPoint Presentation
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Important Events in World History Post WWII

Important Events in World History Post WWII

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Important Events in World History Post WWII

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  1. Important Events in World History Post WWII ****THE MIDDLE EAST****

  2. The Russians in Afghanistan Event #1

  3. The Soviets in Afghanistan • USSR invades Afghanistan • To install a pro-Soviet leader • Would become the USSR’s “Vietnam” – led the downfall of the USSR • Unpopular war, drains military resources, very expensive

  4. War in Afghanistan1979-1988 • Results of the war • Over 14,000 Soviet troops dead • Afghan losses are well over 100,000 • Afghan civil war continued • Until Taliban took control in 1996 • Increased tension with the US • Boycotted the 1980 Olympic Games

  5. The Arab Israeli Conflict Event #2

  6. The Arab Israeli Conflict • After WWII Israel was established & provided shelter to Holocaust survivors • The area of Palestine was divided into an Arab State & a Jewish State in 1947 • War soon broke out between Israel & it’s Arab neighbors

  7. The Six-day War • 1967 • Israel bombs Egypt and captures Arab areas including Jerusalem • This event shapes the middle east today • 1 million Palestinians come under Israeli control • Yasir Arafat becomes new leader of PLO

  8. OPEC • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries • 1960 • Goal is to control oil prices • During Arab Israeli War, Arab states refused to sell oil to countries supporting Israel including the US • This caused a gas crisis in the US but was resolved in 1978 by US President Jimmy Carter

  9. War in the Middle East Event #3

  10. Iran’s Islamic Revolution • Post WWII Iran was the biggest ally of US & UK in middle east • Many Iranian Muslims disliked their Shah • Iranian turned to their highest religious leader the Ayatollah Khomeini • Khomeini assumed power after protest and the Shah fled

  11. Khomeini & the USA • Khomeini installed a strict Muslim govt. • Many Iranians hated the US b/c we supported the Shah • In 1979 student militants took 52 Americans hostage at the US embassy in Tehran

  12. The Persian Gulf War • In the 1980s Iraq and Iran fought a long war • Iraq was led by Saddam Hussein • After the war Iraq needed money and seized the oil fields of Kuwait in 1990 • In 1991 a US led coalition forced the Iraqi army from Kuwait

  13. The Ongoing Mideast Crisis • Palestinians grew tired of being under Israeli rule & an uprising occurred • Palestinian Authority was given control of some areas in the early 90s • Despite these peace efforts conflict resumed in the late 1990s • In 2006 Hamas the Palestinian resistance party was elected to power escalating tensions • War broke out b/w Israel and Lebanon who was led by a radical Islamic group, Hezbollah • War was July – August 2006

  14. Israeli Bombings of Lebanon 2006

  15. The War on Terror • Terrorism – is the use of violence against civilians to reach a political goal • Iraq, Iran, Syria, Cuba, Afghanistan and North Korea have all aided terrorist groups • 9/11 attacks on NYC led by al-Qaeda & Osama Bin Laden

  16. Who is Osama Bin Laden?? • Al-Qaeda grew out of the was between the Afghans and the Russians • Bin Laden was an Afghan fighter in that war • He used his families riches to turn al-Qaeda into a powerful terrorist network • Attacked US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998 and a Naval vessel in Yemen in 2000 • Sponsored and planned the 9/11 attacks • Currently MIA

  17. The War in Iraq • 2002 George W. Bush sought to remove Saddam Hussein from power • US claimed Iraq had WMDs • UN doubted these claims and the US attacked Iraq with very little world support • In 2003 the US invaded Iraq and quickly defeated the army • The US goal of rebuilding Iraq, installing a new government and training Iraqi police and military has been met with much resistance • The “insurgents” are Hussein supporters, terrorists and Islamic militants