Bullying Behaviors and Intervention Strategies. January 8, 2007 Marshall Middle School Presenters:Christine Hamele – Jay Pica. References for Presentation.
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January 8, 2007
Marshall Middle School
Presenters:Christine Hamele – Jay Pica
Friends or least an acquaintance
Imbalance of power
Unequal affect- bully shows no emotion
Not friendsConflict vs. Bullying
Hitting, kicking, shoving, spitting, etc.
Taunting, teasing, racial slurs, verbal harassment.
Threatening, obscene gestures.
Excluding from a group or activity.
Getting others to do the bullying
Cyber bullying.Direct vs. Indirect Bullying
“Cyber Bullying-Cruel Intentions”
40% had three or more convictions. (Olweus, 1997)
Lack of Empathy.
Thought that victim provoked/deserved it
Difficulty following rules.
View violence in a positive way.
Stronger than others.Characteristics of a Direct Bully
Became popular based on fear and control.
Reigns with charisma, force, money, looks, will and manipulation.
Backs up the Queen Bee no matter what.
Looks/acts like Queen’s twin.
Bullies others with Queen to promote their agenda.
Creates chaos by banking/sharing information about others. Sneaks under the radar, girls trust her.
Doesn’t associate with only one clique.
Confident, nice to others, avoids conflict.
High self-esteem, may stand up to Queen.
Conflicted between doing right thing and allegiance to the clique. Easily influenced.
Almost all girls fill this role. May do Queen’s “dirty work” (gossip). May be dropped from the clique easily. Serves as a messenger.
Set up by others-victim. May or may not be in the clique. Lives outside the norms.
Drop out of school
Carry a weaponYouth who frequently bully are more likely to:
Research indicates they aren’t isolated.
Have an easy time making friends.
Have a small group who encourages bullying.
“Children who bully have low self-esteem”
Research indicates those who bully have average
or above average self-esteem. Bored easily, get a
thrill from bullying.
Interventions that focus on building self-esteem are
not often effective.Bullying Myths(taken from StopBullyingNow)
Poor social skills
Learning or behavioral disability
Show vulnerable behaviors ( walk, posture, eye contact)
Lack conflict reducing skillsCharacteristics of victims-passive
Easily emotionally aroused
Tend to maintain conflict, then lose
May be ADHD +/or ODD
Make you feel that they deserve it
(These victims are searching for attention and will set themselves up to be the victim and receive negative attentionCharacteristics of victims-provocative
Taken from “Young Adult Literature as the Centerpiece of an Anti-Bullying Program in Middle School”, by Carol Hillsberg and Helene Spak, Middle School Journal, November 2006.
A national best-seller that was adapted to a television movie of the same title.