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101 Greece II. Dark Age and Archaic Greece. “Ages” of Greek Civilization. Bronze Age 2800 – 1100 BC Dark Age 1100 – 750 BC Archaic Age 750 – 500 BC Classical Greece 500 – 338 BC Hellenistic Age 338 – 146 BC. Polis 8 th Century BC Hellas Archaic Period Acropolis Agora.

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101 greece ii

101 Greece II

Dark Age and Archaic Greece

ages of greek civilization
“Ages” of Greek Civilization
  • Bronze Age 2800 – 1100 BC
  • Dark Age 1100 – 750 BC
  • Archaic Age 750 – 500 BC
  • Classical Greece 500 – 338 BC
  • Hellenistic Age 338 – 146 BC
slide3

Polis

  • 8th Century BC
  • Hellas
  • Archaic Period
  • Acropolis
  • Agora
types of greek government
Types of Greek Government
  • Monarchy
  • Oligarchy
  • Tyranny
  • Democracy
slide5

Sparta - Diarchy

  • Corinth - Oligarchy
  • Athens – you name it!
athens
Athens
  • Plutarch
  • Aristotle?Constitution of Athens
  • Attica
  • Synoecism
  • Autochthonous
  • Theseus
  • Codrus
slide9

Aristoi

  • 700 BC
  • Archons
  • 594 BC
  • Solon
  • “Shaking off Burdens”
reforms of solon
Reforms of Solon
  • Outlawed debt slavery
  • Set limits on land ownership
  • Created the Boule
  • Timocracy
athenian political parties
Athenian Political “Parties”
  • Faction of the Plain
  • Faction of the Coast
  • Faction of the Hills
tyranny
Tyranny
  • Peisistratus
  • 561 BC
  • Athena
  • 539 BC
reforms of peisistratus
Reforms of Peisistratus
  • Reduce the power of the aristocrats
  • Exile enemies, confiscate their land and give it to the poor
  • Impose a tax for internal improvements
  • Introduce coinage (Athenian Owl)
  • Encouraged the cult of Dionysus
  • Build the Athenian Navy
  • 527. BC
cleisthenes
Cleisthenes
  • 509 BC
  • Democracy “rule of the people”
  • Demos
  • Deme
  • Demarch
slide15

Council (boule) of 500

    • 50 from each tribe
    • 1 yr term/ only two years during life
    • Set agenda for assembly
  • Tribes

- Ten in number (used to be four)

    • Not geographically contiguous
    • Made up of “thirds”; Loosely based on Plain, Coast, Hills
  • Assembly
    • Free adult male citizens
    • Met in Athens (about four times per month)
    • Debated, then voted on agenda set by boule
slide17

City Architect

  • Generals
  • Strategos
  • Strategoi
slide18

Ostracism

  • Ostraka