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COSCAP-SA

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  1. COSCAP-SA DCPCourse

  2. Course Objectives Validate DCP authority Promote standardization Review standards and procedures Review flight testing procedures

  3. Course Schedule • Introduction • ICAO SARPS • General Conditions • DCP Qualifications • DCP Terms of Reference

  4. Course Schedule (con’t) Principles of Testing Principles of Assessment Conducting a PPC PPCTolerances Assessment Scenarios Discussion Groups

  5. Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications DCP Terms of Reference

  6. Introduction Course Instructor: Captain Len Cormier COSCAP-SA

  7. . Participation • . Tea Break • . Promptness • . Washrooms • …..enjoy the course

  8. Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications DCP Terms of Reference

  9. ICAO SARPs • Annex 6, 9.4.4 - Pilot Proficiency Checks • An operator shall ensure that piloting technique and the ability to execute emergency procedures is checked to demonstrate competency • If under instrument flight rules the pilot’s competence to comply with such rules is demonstrated • Either a check pilot of the operator or to a representative of the State of the Operator • Performed twice within any period of one year..

  10. ICAO Guidance • DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks • when properly controlled by the CAA, the designation of qualified operator personnel to assist in some inspection functions, such as periodic pilot proficiency checks, route checks, etc., can be acceptable • it must be stressed that the designated operator personnel, when performing their duties, must be kept under the supervisory and technical control of the CAA.

  11. ICAO Guidance • DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks • Proficiency checks are carried out in accordance with the standards and frequency prescribed in the regulations • The CAA inspector should possess the appropriate licence and be currently qualified in the specific type of aircraft to be used for the check • Alternatively, the CAA inspector may choose to observe or monitor such checks conducted by an appropriately designated check pilot

  12. ICAO Guidance • DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks • The CAA inspector should observe or monitor a sufficient number of checks conducted by such personnel each year in order to ensure positive CAA quality control of check procedures • The pilot proficiency check should be conducted in such a manner that the pilot demonstrates knowledge, skill and judgment relative to: • the aircraft, its systems and components; • pilot performance in accordance with the procedures and limitations contained in the manufacturer's AFM, AOM, Operations Manual, etc.

  13. Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Terms of Reference

  14. General Conditions • Delegation Policy • Perform checks on behalf of CAA • Restricted to certain checks • Approved by CAA

  15. General Conditions • Conflict of Interest (Perceived or real) • Financial interest in the company or family ties • Privileges or favors which could bias DCP • Company to review and advise CAA • To avoid a real conflict of interest, imperative to adhere to DCP Manual

  16. Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Terms of Reference

  17. DCP QUALIFICATIONS • CURRENCY & TRAINING REQ’TS • a DCP must hold a valid ATPL with rating endorsed on type • a DCP must have completed an DCP Course • attend a refresher DCP Course every 5 yrs • conduct at least 10 checkrides a year • 1000 HRS PIC on appropriate aeroplanes -500hrs on type (Type A) • Minimum of six months experience as Line Captain on the aircraft

  18. DCP Qualifications cont’d • Loss of Medical • advise CAA • perform checks in simulator only • complete requirements of training programme • every 6 months monitor four sectors

  19. DCP Administration DCP Approval Monitoring DCP Air Operator Responsibilities

  20. DCP Approval • DCP Application from air operator • Determine need for DCP • number/variety of aircraft • location of bases/simulators • type of operation • number of DCPs employed

  21. DCP Approval • Inspector briefings • procedures/techniques for checks • techniques/standards for assessment • briefing/debriefing procedures • completion of forms • contents of publications

  22. DCP Approval • Monitoring DCP • Initial DCP Monitors (2), Conducts (1) • Conduct 12 month PPC on Type A DCP • Monitoring DCP conducting check every 12 month • Monitoring activities (reports, etc.)

  23. DCP Approval • Air Operator Responsibilities • Monitor DCP validity • Maintain records for audit purposes • Monthly schedule to CAA • Advise CAA of due dates • Submit check report to CAA

  24. Limits of Authority Recurrent PPC Recurrent IRT Line Checks Line Indoc 1200/600 RVR T/O Cat 2/ Cat 3 Ops

  25. . Limits of Authority • Semi-annual PPC on Supervisor • Retest of failed PPC/IRT (CAA advised) • Recurrent Trng/Checking with approval • Not Allowed: • initial or upgrade training followed by check by same individual; • DCP conducting check ride on Inspector

  26. THE APPENDICES • A. Nomination Form • B. DCP Approval • C. Pilot’s Line Check Report • D. Schedule of Flight Checks • E. Check Pilot Monitoring Report • F. Sample Check Pilot Report • G. Summary of PPC Standards

  27. Professional Update FMS-FACF -Approaches Approach Changes GPS-Operations -Requirements -Testing -Approaches -Differential GPS RNAV-Direct Routes -Certification -Approaches

  28. GPS Operations Short Term - Non-Precision approaches - Domestic enroute/terminal - Oceanic Long Term - CAT I approaches - Possibly CAT II and III IFR Approval - US and Canada concurrently

  29. GPS Requirements With RAIM: - use GPS for "overlay" and "standalone" - conventional navaids must work at alternate - MNPS requirements - 1 GPS and 1 other RNAV system - need a TSO C129 receiver - no need to monitor navaids Without Raim: - must monitor navaids - not approved for IFR RAIM: - Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring

  30. GPS OVERLAY APPROACHES approach to use published name (NDB 24) approach must be in database no monitoring required (with RAIM) NAVAIDS and a/c receivers operating requested and approved as GPS approach (GPS 24) RAIM must be available ground-based navaids at destination can be inoperative but navaids at alternate operative GPS STANDALONE APPROACHES

  31. Differential GPS Wide area Local Integrity and availibity Accuracy

  32. Professional Update Designated Check Pilot Course NAVIGATION WEATHER AIRSPACE RNAV Direct Routes

  33. RNAV Direct Routes Presently 3 types of route are available: 1) Random direct FL 390 and above 2) City pair T-routes FL 310 and above 3) *MMT routes FL 350 - FL 390 Random routes to be available in future * MMT-Minimum Time Track

  34. RNAV Approaches Multi-Sensor RNAV RWY 08 YTZ Certification of receivers a problem All approaches could be RNAV Type of sensor - determine limits All info must be in database * *and operator certified for use

  35. FMS FACF FINAL APPROACH COURSE FIX Required by FMS databases On final about 8 NM from threshold Prior to vnav/FAF ICAO 5-letter pronounceable name For all ILS and LOC approaches

  36. FMS Approaches • Database : Jeppesen • Types of FMS Approaches: GPS RNAV VOR,VOR/DME NDB,NDB/DME LOC/BC LOC ILS with advanced EFIS

  37. Approach Changes NAME CHANGES soon to be RNAV and then MDA will be based on the type of sensor POSITION REPORTS During approaches at controlled airports - Make requested reports only - Report position only - Expect report at FAF

  38. Approach Changes Pass altitude on departure - Initial call add passing altitude and give cleared altitude If pilot cannot make an altitude restriction: - Pilot actions: • ask for instructions • enter hold if no instructions - Controller actions: • protect holding airspace

  39. Course Schedule 1/2 Introduction Forms and Administration DCP Quals/Reqts/Terms Canadian Aviation Regs Instrument procedures

  40. Instrument Procedures 1 Outline 1. Flight Planning 2. Departure 3. Enroute 4. Holding 5. Arrival 6. Approach 7. Missed Approach 8. Circling 9. Landing

  41. Instrument Procedures 1 Outline 1.Flight Planning 2. Departure 3. Enroute 4. Holding 5. Arrival 6. Approach 7. Missed Approach 8. Circling 9. Landing

  42. Definitions Shall: Imperative, procedure is mandatory Will: Mandatory, comprehensive, and dispositive in nature Must: Primarily mandatory, not the only meaning, used for both permissive and mandatory sense May: Speculation, uncertainty, permissive Should: Implying duty of obligation, also permissive Practical: Available or useful in practice - inclined or suited to action rather than speculation Practicable: Physically possible The above definitions are summarized/paraphrased from Black's Law Dictionnary except "Practical" which was copied from the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

  43. New Altimeter Error Policy "An aircraft altimeter which has the current altimeter setting applied to the subscale should not have an error of more than ±50ft when compared on the ground against a known aerodrome/runway elevation. If the error is more than ±50 ft the accuracy of the altimeter is questionable and the problem should be investigated." (CAP.GEN)

  44. Fly Runway Heading When instructed to fly runway heading or when flying a SID for which no specific heading is published, pilots are expected to: • Fly runway heading • Do not apply drift correction • FMS fly track

  45. Standard Climb Gradient

  46. Obstacle Clearance after T/O VFR climb (Y/N) Departure procedure(Y/N) Missed approach procedure(Y/N) Sector altitudes(Y/N) Topo maps or local knowledge(Y/N) SID- pilot and nav