COSCAP- North Asia 3rd Steering Committee Meeting 2 - 3 June 2004 www.coscap-na.org
Topics • Programme Review – DP2 • USOAP Update – DP3 • Air Traffic Management – DP4 • NARAST – DP5 • ICAO Language Requirements – DP6 • Funding and Budget – DP7
Programme Review DP2 • Output 1.1 – Safety Oversight Capabilities - High Priority • Some assistance provide to Member States during Missions • Corrective action plans in response to USOAPs have almost been completely implemented by Member States • COSCAP providing assistance for preparations related to expanded USOAP ( Annex 11, 13, 14)
Programme Review DP2 • Output 1.1 – Safety Oversight Capabilities - High Priority • Aerodrome Certification and Safety Training Expert (ACSTE) was engaged for four months July –Dec 2003 • ACSTE provided generic Manual of Aerodrome Certification and Generic Aerodrome Manual • Provided classroom and OJT to Member States during missions to States
Programme Review DP2 • Output 1.1 – Safety Oversight Capabilities - High Priority • Air Traffic Services Consultant was engaged by the COSCAP-NA programme for a period of six weeks Nov./Dec. 2003 • During this period he reviewed with Member States their compliance with Annex 11 and provided assistance to States concerning their preparations for USOAP. • CTA to provide update concerning USOAP under agenda item 7.
Programme Review DP2 • Output 2.1 Harmonization of Regulations (Low/High Priority) • Foreign Air Operator Regulation and Manual of Foreign Air Operator Regulation and Surveillance were finalized at the 2nd COSCAP-NA SC Meeting • Final version of these document were forwarded to Member States on 24 December 2003 • CTA is developing training programme for surveillance of foreign air operator
Programme Review DP2 • Output 2.2 North Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (NARAST) High Priority • 2ndNARAST Meeting convened 14 -16 April 2004 in Kunming, China • Detail report to be provided on work completed under agenda item 9. (DP5)
Programme Review DP2 • Output 3.1- Safety Oversight guidance material; audits and inspections in aid of On Job Training • Draft policy concerning On Job Training for Flight Operations developed to be forwarded to Member States for comment • On Job Training programme established in Member States on request
Programme Review DP2 • Output 4.1 – Training • Training needs vary among member States as many basic needs have been met • Training has been provided to individual States to meet a particular need • Attachment I of DP1 outlines the training assistance that has been provided to date
Programme Review DP2 • Output 4.1 – Training • Since the last SC Meeting Training/Workshops have been provided as follows: • Designated Check Pilot Course, DPRK Nov. 2003 – 11 participants • Boeing Flight Operations Safety Seminar, China – December 2003 - 42 participants • Boeing Flight Operations Safety Seminar, ROK – December 2003 – 40 participants
Programme Review DP2 • Output 4.1 – Training • Large Aircraft Performance Course for Aerodrome Inspectors (Boeing), ROK Feb. 2004 – 30 participants • ALAR Workshop – DPRK Feb. 2004 - 11 participants • Crew Resource Management (Boeing) - Mongolia Mar. 2004 - 69 participants • Designated Check Pilot Course – Mongolia Mar. 2004 – 28 participants
Programme Review DP2 • Output 4.1 – Training • Aviation Enforcement Course (Transport Canada) - ROK – Mar. 2004 - 65 participants • Airworthiness Audit Course – DPRK Apr. 2004 – 7 participants • Airworthiness Audit Course – ROK Apr. 2004 – 19 participants • Airworthiness Reliability/MMEL/MEL Apr. – 5 participants
Programme Review DP2 • Output 4.1 – Training • Dangerous Goods Safety Oversight (ICAO/Transport Canada) – Bangkok – Apr. 2004 – 8 participants • Operations Specification Airworthiness – ROK May 2004 – 21 participants • Accident Investigation and Safety Management System Workshop – China 24-28 May 2004 – 70 participants
Programme Report DP2 • Output 4.1 – Future Training Programme • Aviation Enforcement Course, Dangerous Goods Course – DPRK July/Sept. 2004 • ALAR Workshop – Mongolia June 2004 • Large Aircraft Performance Course for Aerodrome Inspectors – China, June 2004 • Airworthiness Training programmes – Mongolia, DPRK, China
Programme Report DP2 • Output 4.1 – Future Training Programme • Extensive OJT - ROK • Air Traffic Management – Safety Management System Workshop – Fall 2004 • Cabin Safety Workshop – early 2005 • Needs/priorities determined in regular consultations with Member States
Programme Review DP2 • Output 5.1/5.2 – Aerodrome Certification • Aerodrome Certification and Safety Training Expert, Mr. John Slaughter – 4 months July – December 2003 • ACSTE provided generic Model Regulations/Standards, Manual of Aerodrome Certification and Generic Aerodrome Manual, • Provided classroom training and OJT to Member States during missions to States
Programme Review DP2 • Output – Air Traffic Management Certification Expert - USOAP • Mr. Ron Egan provided technical assistance Nov./Dec 2003 for six week period • Confidential review of States compliance to Annex 11 and preparations for USOAP • As follow-up Regional ATM Meeting held in March 2004 to discuss ATM safety oversight – to be discussed under Agenda Item 8/DP4
Programme Review DP2 • Recommendation • Level of aviation activity and availability of resources vary significantly between Sates • Balance is required to be maintained between Project Specific Activities and State Specific Activities • Training, On-Job-Training, Implementation of NARAST Recommendations place high workload demand on Experts • Member States to advise on adjustment to priorities
Air Traffic Services – DP4 • ICAO USOAP programme will be expanded to include Annex 11 – Air traffic Services (ATS) • SARPs have been established that requires States to establish safety system and safety objectives for ATM • ATM Specialist was engaged for a six week period Nov./Dec 2003 to assist Member States • ATM Regional Meeting held in Beijing 29 – 30 March 2004 to discuss future cooperation
Air Traffic Services – DP4 • Mr. David Moores, ICAO Regional Officer ATM attended the meeting to provide technical input from an ICAO perspective • Meeting identified the need for COSCAP to establish a generic Safety Management System for ATM which could then be adapted by Member States • COSCAP could assist further with the implementation of the safety management programme • ICAO has indicated that they should be able to support this initiative to some extent
Air Traffic Services – DP4 Recommendations • COSCAP-NA to establish a cooperative mechanism to assist the development of ATM Safety Management programme • ATM Safety Management Workshop to be organized • Generic Model Safety Management Programme to be developed
Air Traffic Services – DP4 Recommendations • Training and technical assistance to be provided to assist implementation • Coordination with ICAO provided by attendance of ICAO ATM specialist to workshops and meetings • COSCAP to assist Member States with implementation of ICAO SARPs • 3rd NARAST Meeting to include ATM specialist
NARAST Report – DP5 • ICAO Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) encourages States to establish regional safety teams • North Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (NARAST) • Recommend Accident Prevention Strategies to the Steering Committee • Once approved – implemented by coordinated efforts of regulatory authorities, in consonance with air operators and manufactures
NARAST Report – DP5 • Terms of Reference Approved at 1st SC Meeting • 2nd NARAST Meeting was held in Kunming China 14 – 16 April 2004 • 43 participants from Member States and airlines, ICAO, FAA, JAA, EC, Airbus, Boeing, IATA and ALPA attended the Meeting
NARAST Report – DP5 • A total of 31 Recommendations were made on safety enhancements that will reduce the risk of accidents • The meeting is invited to review the recommendations from the NARAST and accord its approval as appropriate
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: (TAWS) Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) - accidents, where a properly functioning aircraft under the control of a fully qualified and certificated crew is flown into terrain with no apparent awareness on the part of crew, could be substantially reduced or eliminated with the installation of TAWS equipment.
NARAST Report – DP5 • TAWs (Rec. 31.2 ) • COSCAP-NA Advisory Bulletin 001 and Advisory Circular 001 was issued 24 December 2003 – States who have yet to do so to develop appropriate regulations and guidance material utilizing COSCAP material • COSCAP-NA to continue to follow up on implementation and advise the 3rd NARAST Meeting
NARAST Report – DP5 Statement of Work: Operators should have SOPs/training manual. This manual will address: use of checklists, what each person’s responsibilities are, use of available equipment, and expected procedures to be used during preflight, taxi, take-off, climb, cruise, descent, approach, missed approach, landing, taxi and parking. Operators will train proficiency in their SOP’s and crews will use published company SOP’s.
NARAST Report – DP5 • SOPs (Rec. 32.4) • COSCAP-NA Advisory Bulletin 002 and Advisory Circular 002 was forwarded to States on 8th January 2004. States to adapt guidance material and issue as required • The Meeting agreed timely approval of SOPs was important to ensure they were current • CTA to review the issue of SOP approval with States to determine if any guidance material could be developed to expedite the approval process
NARAST Report – DP5 Statement of Work: Identify the means by which all flight crews can fly an appropriate stabilized vertical path to the runway end, for all instrument approach procedures, thereby reducing the possibility of a controlled flight into terrain accident. The Plan will take advantage of existing aircraft capabilities to improve approach and landing safety to the maximum extent practical.
NARAST Report – DP5 • PAI (Rec. 33.1, 33.2, 33.3, 33.4, 33.5, 33.6) • COSCAP-NA to revise the draft AC on CANPA to include a provision for aircraft equipped with VNAV equipment • Revised draft to be forwarded to NARAST Members for further review • Draft AC related to VNAV to be incorporated into CANPA above without reference to obstacle issues
NARAST Report – DP5 • PAI (Rec. 33.1, 33.2, 33.3, 33.4, 33.5, 33.6) • Revised CANPA to be issued by 30th July 2004 • JAA is kindly requested to provide Draft ACJ 1.430 on Constant Descent Final Approach Procedures • COSCAP-NA to present to the 3rd SC Meeting a presentation on RNP/RNAV
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: Develop and implement a mutually agreed upon methodology to use de-identified Flight Data Analysis Programme (FDA) - Flight Operations and Quality Assurance (FOQA), and Aviation Safety Action Partnership (ASAP) information for the purpose of proactively identifying safety related issues and corrective actions.
NARAST Report – DP5 • Flight Data Analysis (Rec. 34.1) • The Meeting reviewed Draft Advisory Bulletin and Advisory Circular on Flight Data Analysis • Any additional comments to be provided to COSCAP by 15 May 2004 (Comments received from ICAO) • COSCAP to finalize Advisory Bulletin and Advisory Circular
NARAST Report – DP5 Statement of Work: CRM training, standard operating procedures (SOPs), situational awareness, and CFIT prevention are closely linked. This project will reduce CFIT accidents by promoting comprehensive SOPs as a key element of every air operator CRM training program
NARAST Report – DP5 • CRM/SOPs (Rec. 35.1, 35.2) • Draft Advisory Bulletin and Advisory Circular on incorporation of CRM into SOPs were reviewed at the NARAST Meeting • COSCAP-NA to issue amendment to Advisory Circular 002 incorporating any comments provided to CTA by 15 May 2004
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - accidents are the leading cause of commercial aviation equipment loss and fatalities, worldwide. CFIT accidents could be substantially reduced if all air operators developed CFIT prevention training and procedures to be added to their approved training curriculums stressing position awareness and escape maneuvers in the event of a terrain warning indication.
NARAST Report – DP5 • CFIT Training (Rec. 36.2) • States reviewed draft Advisory Bulletin on CFIT and any additional comments to be provided by 15 May 2004 • ICAO OPS/AIR section requested to provide comments • COSCAP-NA to issue one document consolidating ALAR/CFIT into one Bulletin
NARAST Report – DP5 Statement of Work: The purpose of this project is to develop a strategy to promote a safety culture for air operators specifically targeting approach and landing accident reduction (ALAR). Ensure that essential safety information generated by an airplane manufacturer and regulatory authorities is included in company operating manuals and in training programs for pilots and other appropriate employee groups.
NARAST Report – DP5 • ALAR/Safety Culture (Rec. 37.1– 37.7) • The NARAST reviewed Draft Advisory Bulletin on Promotion of Flight Safety by CEO and found it acceptable – additional comments by 15 May 2004 after which the documents will be finalized • The NARAST reviewed the Advisory Circular on Air Operator Flight Safety Department and found it acceptable – further comments by 15 May 2004 after which it will be finalized
NARAST Report – DP5 • ALAR/Safety Culture (Rec. 37.1– 37.7 cont.) • The NARAST reviewed Draft Advisory Circular on Guidance for Air Operators in Establishing a Flight Document System and found it to be acceptable – further comments by 15 May after which the document will be issued. • CTA to develop and issue Advisory Bulletin on Manual Amendment Status on information provided by Boeing and Airbus by November 2004 • Information on other aircraft to be gathered by COSCAP-NA
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: Ensure that air operators implement syllabi that train and evaluate aircrews on stabilized approaches, unusual attitudes, and upset recoveries. Specific topics related to stabilized approaches should include: crew resource management, go around criteria, approaches with system malfunctions, non-normal conditions, emphasis on basic airmanship, approach briefings, approach and missed approach procedures.
NARAST Report – DP5 • ALAR Training (Rec. 2.2.1, 2.2.2) • NARAST to develop issue a Bulletin on ALAR to incorporate training aspects to reduce the risks of ALA 2004 • The draft Bulletin on CFIT to be amalgamated into the ALAR guidance material and issued as one Bulletin
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: To ensure that all airline operators publish and enforce clear, concise, and accurate flight crew standard operating procedures (SOP). These procedures should include expected procedures during pre/post flight and all phases of flight i.e.: checklists, simulator training, PF/PNF duties, transfer of control, automation operation, rushed and/or unstabilized approaches, rejected landings and missed approaches, in-flight pilot icing reporting, and flightcrew coordination. Operator instructors and check pilots should ensure these SOP’s are trained and enforced in their aircrew proficiency and standardization programs
NARAST Report – DP5 • Lost of Control SOPs (Rec. 2.3.1, 2.3.2, 2.4.1) • FAA to review NARAST AC on SOPs to ensure it contains Loss of Control • CTA to finalize the amendment to SOP Advisory Circular once it is confirmed Loss of Control is incoporated • Loss of Control - Risk Assessment and Management is still being reviewed by FAA/JAA so NARAST will await the results of this review
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: SE28/AP3.05 The purpose of this project is to ensure that essential safety information and operational procedures generated by airplane manufacturers are included in companies' operating manuals, training programs for pilots and other appropriate employee groups, in daily operations.
NARAST Report – DP5 • Safety Information (Rec. 2.5.1) • NARAST has already developed a draft Advisory Circular on Flight Safety Document System – CTA to review the draft document and ensure it satisfies the requirement of SE28/AP3.05
NARAST Report – DP5 • Statement of Work: Operators, in collaboration with pilot associations, should ensure their training and qualification processes utilize information from programs such as FOQA, AQP, and ASAP to assist in assuring pilot proficiency.
NARAST Report – DP5 • Loss of Control (Rec. 2.6.1) • The NARAST draft FDA Advisory Circular highlights the need to utilize the information from Flight Data Anaysis to verify and optimize training. CTA to verify that the draft AC includes aspects as outlined in SE29.
NARAST Report – DP5 • Formation of NASTs: Some Member States have indicate an interest in the establishment of a National Aviation Safety Team (NAST). In addition to assisting the implementation of safety enhancements from NARAST, that will require inputs from different functional areas, the NAST could be a focal point for safety issues that are particular to only that State. In addition, the NAST could also identify safety issues for discussion by NARAST. CTA provided draft terms of reference for review of the NARAST members.