Environmentalism in China:Waking the Green Tiger Enhanced English for Interpreters Fujian Normal University FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
Homework Review A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words (an image can communicate complex ideas more easily than words) Try to describe TWO of the photos by Canadian photographer, Ed Burtynsky, as fully as possible. Think about the language you would use to describe: • Objects and people, (2) actions (what is currently happening and what is going to happen), (3) the atmosphere or environment As the picture you described is displayed, in 2 minutes, share your interpretation with a group of classmates.
Video: Interpretation Exercise The Hour: Ed Burtynsky The photographer says, “There is no simple right or wrong. It needs a whole new way of thinking.” “ An environmentalist will look at it one way, an industrialist will look at it another way….There’s these readings that people can enter into it (the photo) and that there are multiple readings. It’s not necessarily just to be read one way.” What are your opinions, ideas or thoughts about these photos? How do you interpret these photos?
Brainstorm In 2 minutes, Name as many different types of pollution as you can think of FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
Types of Pollution • air pollution • water pollution • litter/solid waste pollution • noise pollution
Small Group Discussion In groups of 4, answer the following questions and be prepared to present responses. • Give examples of the type of pollution assigned to you. • What is your experience with this type of pollution in your home town?
Types of Pollution • air pollution (car exhaust, coal dust, sand, smoking, carbon emissions) • water pollution (industrial waste, sewage, acid rain) • litter/solid waste pollution (plastic bags, styrofoam boxes, disposable chopsticks, landfill) • noise pollution (traffic, construction) • greenhouse effect/global warming (温室效应, 全球变暖)
What is sustainability? “the capacity and ability to support, maintain or endure”
"In every deliberation, we must consider the impact on the seventh generation... ‘What about the seventh generation? Where are you taking them? What will they have?’” from the Great Law of the Iroquois Confederacy
What is a sustainable society? Asustainable society is one which: can provide for and manage its population and economy now, while maintaining an environment that will be healthy for future generations.
A sustainable society must… Shanghai skyline provide all of its people with enough good food and shelter, clean water and air.
Asustainable society must… Wu Yi Mountains meet the needs of its people without destroying the earth’s Natural Capital.
Natural? Natural Capital? Capital?
Autumn Maple Trees, Toronto Summer Banyan Trees, Fuzhou
Natural Capital is… the resources and ecological services provided by the earth that support and sustain the earth’s life and economies (from Environmental Science: Working with the Earth, G. Tyler Miller Jr., 2004)
Natural Capital Resources Resources are anything obtained from the environment to meet plant, animal and human needs. Primary resources are: air, water, soil, energy and minerals.
Resources: Perpetual and Renewable Changjiang Ao Windfarm, Pingtan Perpetual: renewed continuously on a human scale; Example: solar energy, wind
Resources: Perpetual and Renewable Renewable: can be replenished fairly quickly on a human scale; Examples: forests, fresh water, air, soil Christmas tree farm
Resources: Non-renewable Open pit mine, Australia Non-renewable: exist in essentially fixed quantities on the earth; Examples: fossil fuels, metals such as iron and copper
Sustainable living • Humans are the only species on earth to deplete and waste natural capital (no such thing as “waste” in nature!) • Sustainable living does not use non-renewable resources. • Sustainable living uses renewable resources only atthe rate at which they can be replaced.
Tema, Ghana FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
The Man Who Planted Trees: By: Jean Giono Film by: Frederic Back FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
Use “sustainable” or “sustainability” in a sentence FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
China Environmental Protection Foundation http://www.cepf.org.cn 曲 格平 (Qu GePing, Former Environment Protection Minister of China)
Tiger Leaping Gorge: “Waking the Green Tiger”
Small Group Discussion Answer the following questions in groups of 4: • Why is the dam being built? • What kind of energy resources is China trying to use? • What considerations should we have before creating a sustainable source of energy? FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
Canada’s Energy Sources 2010 China’s Energy Sources 2008 FNU Language Enhancement 2012-2013
Chinese Environmental Organizations Global Village Beijing: http://www.gvbchina.org.cn/ • Green Earth Volunteers: http://eng.greensos.cn
THE DIRECTORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS & ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IN CHINA http://earthdirectory.net/china
Homework: • Download and read the China Daily article: "Should Chinese people celebrate Christmas?“ • a) Why do you think Chinese celebrate Christmas? or (b) Do you think Chinese should celebrate Christmas?