Manhattan Project. The project that brought an end to the S econd World War. By: Richie and Brendan. Nagasaki- Before and after. Hiroshima-Before and after. Introduction.
The project that brought an end to the Second World War.
By: Richie and Brendan
Nagasaki- Before and after
Hiroshima-Before and after
The Boeing B-29 superfortress was the most state of the art airplane at the time of its manufacturing. It could carry a lot with the most complex engine of its time, but the atomic bomb 1500was still to much for it. By the time it was loaded it was 1500 pounds over what it was suppose to carry.
When it was time to take off the Enola Gay almost didn’t take off.
Robert J. Oppenheim was very high up in the Manhattan project. He was born in New York, New York during the year of 1904, April 22nd. He was a top contributor to the atomic bomb. At the age of 22 he received his Ph.D., or doctors degree in physics. In 1940 he married. Once World War two started Robert Oppenhiemer raced to create an atomic bomb. Robert Oppenhiemer guided the construction of the laboratories in Las Alamos. Oppenhiemer managed more than three thousand scientist. After Robert Oppenhiemer’s second child was born, a nuclear bomb, the first nuclear bomb, exploded in Alamogordo July 16 1945. This first nuclear
explosion (which Oppenhiemer named Trinity) broke records, it split
Three days after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan did not surrender which drove the United States to drop the second atom bomb. The Fat Man bomb was a plutonium-grade bomb which was larger than Little Boy but still had less of an explosion. This was because plutonium was more stable than uranium and needed to be in a larger amount to produce the same explosion.
"Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists." Google Books. Google. Web. 15 Dec. 2011.< http://books.google.com/books?id=sgsAAAAAMBAJ>. On this website, we learned that people are still pondering the purpose of nuclear power nowadays. There is a large risk to the civilians as well as the military staff that associate themselves with these nuclear weapons. Like in the Suisun Air Force Base in Fairfield, California. A B-29 bomber, that was carrying 500 pound explosive bombs, crashed when it was trying to make an emergency stop.The bombs exploded fifteen minutes after the crash, killing eighteen people andinjuring sixty others."Einstein's Letters to Roosevelt." Hypertextbook.com. Web. 06 Jan. 2012.In this article it has Einstein's first letter to President Roosevelt that started the discussion about the creation of the atomic bomb. The letter helped Roosevelt with the contemplation on creating a super weapon. We also learned, at the time, when they were constructing the atomic bomb, that the United States had only few rocks that contained uranium in moderate quantities. "Estimated Minimum Incurred Costs of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Programs, 1940-1996* - BrookingsInstitution." Brookings - Quality. Independence. Impact. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.brookings.edu/projects/archive/nucweapons/figure1.aspx>.
"History of the Atomic Bomb and The Manhattan Project." Inventors. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.< http://inventors.about.com/od/astartinventions/a/atomic_bomb.htm>.
"Key Issues: Nuclear Weapons: History: Pre Cold War: Manhattan Project: Tube Alloys Deal." Nuclear Files - From Nuclear Proliferation to Nuclear Testing, from Hiroshima to North Korea, Nuclear Files Offers the A to Z on Nuclear Issues. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.This website is about the agreement between the United States and Britain to not abuse the power of the atomic bomb. It also is about the plan to hit Japan with an atomic bomb on two of its cities. The hopes of the atomic bombs were to end World War Two."Manhattan Project - New World Encyclopedia." Info:Main Page - New World Encyclopedia. Web. 14 Dec. 2011. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Manhattan_Project>.This is a credible site based on how the atom bomb was devised. It also explains why it was first thought of. It was because the United States feared that Nazi Germany were inventing a super weapon. This site has how much it cost to run the atom bomb back then. It was two billion dollars.
"The Manhattan Project." NSF GK-12 Fellowship Program. n/a. Web. 15 Nov. 2011.< http://gk12.rice.edu/trs/science/Atom/man.htm>. This site displayed a fair amount of information, such as, in Nagasaki, 39 thousand people died from the explosion. In Hiroshima, 66 thousand instantly died from the bomb. Also the site had the names of the two atomic bombs, which were Little Boy and Fat Man. Albert Einstein and J. Robert Openheimer were two of the scientists involved.NTI. "United States | Country Profiles | NTI." Nuclear Threat Initiative. Web. 15 Dec. 2011.< http://www.nti.org/country-profiles/united-states/>. It displayed accurately when the United States started the nuclear research. They started when they heard rumors that the Nazis were building a weapon of mass destruction. Also when the first bomb was dropped, which was on April 6, 1945. Pellegrino, Charles R. The Last Train from Hiroshima: The Survivors Look Back. New York: Henry Holt and, 2010. Print. This book had eyewitness accounts include one from a man named Tsutomu Yamaguchi. This man left Hiroshima after the detonation of the first bomb, and then traveled to the "safety" of Nagasaki. He is the only man known to survive both explosions.
Prouty, Doug. "The Race to Build the Atomic Bomb." Contra Costa County Office of Education. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. <http://intergate.cccoe.k12.ca.us/abomb/>.