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Back to the Future—The Increasing Importance of the States in Setting the Research Agenda. Lecture in the Series “Defining Values of Research and Technology: The University's Changing Role” Center for Advanced Study University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL April 11, 2001.

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Back to the future the increasing importance of the states in setting the research agenda l.jpg

Back to the Future—The Increasing Importance of the States in Setting the Research Agenda

Lecture in the Series

“Defining Values of Research and Technology: The University's Changing Role”

Center for Advanced Study

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL

April 11, 2001


Land grant institutions founding principles l.jpg
Land Grant Institutions Founding Principles

  • The Universities Were Founded to:

    • Educate a Broad Workforce and Citizenry

    • Perform Research to Create More Productive Economy

    • Provide Services to the Economic Creators

  • Clear Coupling to Economy:

    • Agriculture

    • Manufacturing

    • Embedded in a Liberal Arts Education

  • Morrill Act

    • Federal Support for State Functions


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The Land Grant Values are Reflected in the University of Illinois Seal


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The Critical Role of Federal Funding in Creating the Information Economy

Source: Brooks-Sutherland Report (1995)

www.nap.edu/catalog/4948.html


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The Critical Role of Federal Funding in Creating the Information Economy

Source: Brooks-Sutherland Report (1995)

www.nap.edu/catalog/4948.html


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PITAC Findings and Recommendations Information Economy

  • Federal Funding Has:

    • Seeded High-Risk Research

    • Yielded Many Billion-Dollar Industries

    • Trained Most of Our Leading IT Researchers

    • Created Ideas Which Freely Flow From Universities and National Labs to Existing and New Companies

  • The United States Must Not Only Continue, but Also Substantially Increase, Long-term Fundamental Information Technology Research Programs in Universities


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Large Federal Programs Can Make Information EconomyMajor Changes in Infrastructure

  • NSF Supercomputer Centers Program

    • Access to Supercomputers

    • Large Dataset Archive

    • NSFnet

    • Scientific Visualization and Virtual Reality

    • The Web Browser and Server Software

  • Partnerships in Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI)

    • Access Grid

    • Superclusters

    • User Portals

    • Optical and International Networks

    • Distributed Terascale Facility


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Characteristics of PACI Information Economy

  • Federal Government is Primary Fund Source

    • Defines the Program, Holds the Competition

    • Evaluates the Progress

  • State Supports Fed Initiative Thru Cost Sharing

    • Major Source for Staff Salary

    • Extra Funds for New Buildings

  • Industrial Partners Leverage Federal Funding:

    • Proprietary Projects Which Led to New Capabilities

    • Funds for New Initiatives

    • Focus on Large Companies Using Information Tech.

  • Community Outreach Created New Organizations

    • CCnet


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Private Donors Can Link Public Universities, Industry, and Federal Funds

  • UIUC Beckman Institute

    • $30M Private Donor

    • Recurring State Operational Funds

    • New Building and Facilities

    • Enhances Federal Funding Opportunities

    • Active Tech Transfer

    • Strong Overlap with NCSA/Alliance

Biological Intelligence

Human-Computer

Intelligent Interaction

Molecular and

Electronic Nanostructures


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Governor Davis Created New Institutes for Science, Innovation, and Tech Transfer

UCSB

UCLA

UCI

UCSD

The California Institute for Bioengineering,

Biotechnology,

and Quantitative Biomedical Research

The Center for

Information Technology Research

in the Interest of Society

(Proposed-UCB, UCD, UCSC, UCM)

UCB

The California

NanoSystems Institute

UCSF

UCSC

The California Institute

for Telecommunications

and Information Technology


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California Institutes Characteristics Innovation, and Tech Transfer

  • State Provides Core Funding

    • Defined the Overall Structure

    • Allowed UC Campuses to Choose Research Topics

    • Holds the Competition

    • Funds for New Buildings and Equipment

    • Major Source for Staff Salary (proposed)

  • Requirement for 2:1 Cost Sharing

    • State Seeks Leverage

    • Increase Competitiveness for Federal Grants

    • Tight Coupling with Industry


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UC San Diego and UC Irvine Innovation, and Tech TransferCalifornia Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology

  • New Funding Model (4 Years)

    • State $100M

    • Industry $140M

    • Private $30 M

    • Campus $30M

    • Federal $100-200M (anticipated)

    • Total $400-500M

  • Institute Directors

    • Larry Smarr (UCSD), Institute Director

    • Ron Graham (UCSD), Institute Chief Scientist

    • Ramesh Rao, UCSD Campus Director

    • Peter Rentzepis, UCI Campus Director

www.calit2.net


Slide13 l.jpg

Beyond Today’s Internet Innovation, and Tech Transfer

  • Wireless Access--Anywhere, Anytime

  • Broadband to the Home and Small Businesses

  • Vast Increase in Internet End Points

    • Embedded Processors

    • Sensors and Actuators

    • Information Appliances

  • Highly Parallel Light Waves Through Fiber

  • Emergence of a Distributed Planetary Computer

    • Storage of Data Everywhere

    • Scalable Computing Power


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Complex Problems Require Innovation, and Tech Transfera New Research and Education Framework

220 UCSD & UCI Faculty

Working in Multidisciplinary Teams

With Students, Industry, and the Community

System Integrated Approach

Focus on Intersections

www.calit2.net


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The Southern High Tech Coast Innovation, and Tech TransferIs Well Organized for Partnering

  • From Bandwidth Bay to Wireless Valley

    • 70,000 Fiber Strand-Miles Under Downtown SD

    • Nation’s Center for Wireless Companies

  • San Diego Telecom Council

    • www.sdtelecomcouncil.org

    • 200 Member Companies

    • SIGs on Optical, Wireless, Satellite, etc.

  • UCSD CONNECT

    • www.connect.org

    • UCSD Program in Technology and Entrepreneurship

  • Many Others

    • BIOCOM

    • Mayor’s Science and Technology Commission

    • UCI Chief Executive Roundtable


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A Broad Partnership Response Innovation, and Tech Transferfrom the Private Sector

Akamai

Boeing

Broadcom

AMCC

CAIMIS

Compaq

Conexant

Copper Mountain

Emulex

Enterprise Partners VC

Entropia

Ericsson

Global Photon

IBM

IdeaEdge Ventures

Intersil

Irvine Sensors

Leap Wireless

Litton Industries

MedExpert

Merck

Microsoft

Mission Ventures

NCR

Newport Corporation

Orincon

Panoram Technologies

Printronix

QUALCOMM

Quantum

R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical RI

SAIC

SciFrame

Seagate Storage

Silicon Wave

Sony

STMicroelectronics

Sun Microsystems

TeraBurst Networks

Texas Instruments

UCSD Healthcare

The Unwired Fund

WebEx

Computers

Communications

Software

Sensors

Biomedical

Startups

Venture Firms

Large Partners

>$10M Over 4 Years


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Elements of the Innovation, and Tech TransferCal -(IT)2 Industrial Partnerships

  • Endowed Chairs for Professors

  • Start-Up Support for Young Faculty

  • Graduate Student Fellowships

  • Research and Academic Professionals

  • Sponsored Research Programs

  • Equipment Donations for Cal-(IT)2 and Campus

  • Named Laboratories in new Institute Buildings

  • Pro Bono Services and Software


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The Institute is Built on Innovation, and Tech TransferExisting UCSD/UCI Faculty Strengths

Center for

Wireless Communications

Broadband Wireless

ANTENNAS AND

PROPAGATION

LOW-POWERED

CIRCUITRY

MULTIMEDIA

APPLICATIONS

COMMUNICATION

NETWORKS

COMMUNICATION

THEORY

Architecture

Media Access

Scheduling

End-to-End QoS

Hand-Off

Changing

Environment

Protocols

Multi-Resolution

RF

Mixed A/D

ASIC

Materials

Modulation

Channel Coding

Multiple Access

Compression

Smart Antennas

Adaptive Arrays

Source: UCSD CWC


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MicroSensors Will Radically Alter Innovation, and Tech Transferthe Human-Computer Interface

Valveless Microfluidics

Mechanical Stress and

Acceleration Sensors

Micro Optical Assemblies

(Lenses and Mirrors)

0.1 mm

MEMS structures fabricated and tested at

the UCI Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility


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The Perfect Storm: Innovation, and Tech TransferConvergence of Engineering with BioMed, Physics, & IT

Nanogen MicroArray

500x

Magnification

VCSELaser

2 mm

Human Rhinovirus

IBM Quantum Corral

Iron Atoms on Copper

400x

Magnification

5 nanometers

New Clean Facilities


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The UCSD Cal-(IT) Innovation, and Tech Transfer2 BuildingPreliminary Design

  • New Media Arts Spaces

    • Research Lab

    • Visualization Labs

    • Audiovisual Editing Facilities

    • Gallery Space

    • Helping Design Auditorium

Occupancy 2004

220,000 Gross SF


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Cal-(IT) Innovation, and Tech Transfer2 Will Seek to Foster Links Between Art, Technology, & Science

“UCSD


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The UCSD “Living Grid Laboratory”— Innovation, and Tech TransferFiber, Wireless, Compute, Data, Software

  • Commodity Internet, Internet2

  • High-speed WAN (OC48+)

  • Link UCSD and UCI

SDSC

  • High-speed optical core

  • 8 Gigabit now

  • 80 Gigabit in 18 months

  • 1 Terabit in 36 Months

Eng. / Cal-(IT)2

CS

Hosp

Med

Chem

  • Campus Wireless

½ Mile

SIO

Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC


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Institute Relies on Innovation, and Tech TransferPACI Infrastructure and Developments

802.11b Wireless

  • Interactive Access to:

  • State of Computer

  • Job Status

  • Application Codes


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The High Performance Innovation, and Tech TransferWireless Research and Education Network

NSF Funded

PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC

Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO

45mbps Duplex Backbone

http://hpwren.ucsd.edu/Presentations/HPWREN


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Wireless Antennas Anchor Innovation, and Tech TransferNetwork High Speed Backbone

http://hpwren.ucsd.edu/Presentations/HPWREN

Source: Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC


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The Wireless Internet Adds Innovation, and Tech TransferBio-Chemical-Physical Sensors to the Grid

  • From Experiments to Wireless Infrastructure

  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography

  • San Diego Supercomputer Center

  • Cal-(IT)2

  • Building on Pioneering Work of Hans-Werner Braun & Frank Vernon

Source: John Orcutt, SIO


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The Wireless Internet Will Improve Innovation, and Tech Transferthe Safety of California’s 25,000 Bridges

New Bay Bridge Tower

with Lateral Shear Links

Cal-(IT)2 Will

Develop and Install

Wireless Sensor Arrays

Linked to

Crisis Management

Control Rooms

Source: UCSD Structural Engineering Dept.


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High Resolution Data Analysis Facility Innovation, and Tech TransferLinked by Optical Networks to PACI TeraGrid

Panoram Technologies,

SGI, Sun, TeraBurst Networks,

Cox Communications, Global Photon

Institute Industrial Partners

Planned for Fall 2001 at SIO

Support from SDSC and SDSU


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The Institute Will Expand Our Capabilities Innovation, and Tech TransferUsing NCSA/Alliance Developments

  • Cluster in a Box

  • Computational Grid Software in a Box

  • Access Grid Software In a Box

  • Display Wall in a Box

Source: Dan Reed, NCSA Alliance


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Can Use of These Technologies Help Us Avoid the Downsides of Prolonged Growth?

  • Add Wireless Sensor Array

  • Build GIS Data

  • Focus on:

    • Pollution

    • Water Cycle

    • Earthquakes

    • Bridges

    • Traffic

    • Policy

  • Work with the Community to Adapt to Growth

UCI

Huntington

Beach

High Tech Coast

UCSD

Mission Bay

San Diego Bay


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The Institute Facilitates Faculty Teams to Compete for Large Federal Grants

Stanford

U. Of MN

NCRR Imaging

and Computing

Resources UCSD

Harvard

Cal Tech

SDSC

Cal-(IT)2

UCLA

Duke

Wireless “Pad”

Web Interface

Proposal-Form a National Scale Testbed

for Federating Multi-scale Brain Databases

Using NIH High Field NMR Centers

Surface Web

Deep Web

Source: Mark Ellisman, UCSD