References
Download
1 / 34

REFERENCES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 135 Views
  • Uploaded on

FM 7-8, Infantry Rifle Platoon & Squad. REFERENCES. ACTION: Conduct an Ambush CONDITION: Given instruction in a field environment at Skytop with rubber ducks, LBE, and slide handouts STANDARD: Demonstrate a basic knowledge of ambush operations by conduction a mock ambush onsite.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' REFERENCES' - garrett-stewart


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Terminal learning objective

ACTION: Conduct an Ambush

CONDITION: Given instruction in a field environment at Skytop with rubber ducks, LBE, and slide handouts

STANDARD: Demonstrate a basic knowledge of ambush operations by conduction a mock ambush onsite

TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE


Ambush
AMBUSH

A surprise attack from concealed position on a moving or temporarily halted target.


Characteristics of the ambush
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AMBUSH

  • Surprise

  • Violence of Action

  • Predetermined Kill Zone

  • Coordinated Assault

  • Planned Withdrawal


Phases of the ambush

Leader’s Recon

Occupation (NLT Time in OPORD)

Execution

Withdrawal

Dissemination of Information

PHASES OF THE AMBUSH


Operational terms

Kill Zone – a defined area on the ground in which fires will be concentrated to inflict maximum damage to the enemy in the shortest amount of time.

Assault Element – seizes and secures the objective and protects the special teams as they complete their assigned actions on the objective (OBJ).

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Operational terms1

Security Element – the portion of the unit tasked with ensuring that no enemy enters or leaves the kill zone once the ambush is initiated. Also provides early warning to friendly elements.

Support Element – the portion of the unit tasked with providing support by fire for the assault element.

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Operational terms2

Special Teams – sub-elements task organized to perform specific tasks during AOBJ

EPW/Search Team – designated to search enemy bodies for PIR and collect and process enemy prisoners

Demolition Team – designated to destroy enemy equipment not to be taken from the objective

Aid/Litter Team – designated to provide first aid to casualties (both friendly and enemy) and assist the platoon medic in triage, treatment and movement of casualties

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Operational terms3

Objective Rally Point (ORP) – a halt out of sight, smell, sound and small arms range of the objective from which final preparations are made, reconnaissance of the objective is conducted and information is disseminated.

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Operational terms4

Release Point (RP) – location between the objective and the ORP from which surveillance of the OBJ can be maintained and at which subordinate elements (Assault, Security, Support) can be released from or to centralized control.

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Operational terms5

Limit of Advance (LOA) – a phase line used to control the forward progress of the attack. The assault element will not advance beyond the LOA, but may maintain security from that point.

Casualty Collection Point (CCP) – a location on or near the objective to which casualties will be brought for treatment and preparation for evacuation

OPERATIONAL TERMS


Classifications

Category

Hasty or Deliberate

Type

Point or Area

Formation

Linear or L-Shaped

CLASSIFICATIONS


Categories of ambushes

Hasty

Deliberate

CATEGORIES OFAMBUSHES


Hasty ambush

Surprise attack conducted when the unit makes visual contact with the enemy and has time to set up an ambush without being detected.

HASTY AMBUSH


Squad hasty ambush
SQUAD HASTY with the enemy and has time to set up an ambush without being detected.AMBUSH


Deliberate ambush

Surprise attack conducted against a specific target at a predetermined location.

DELIBERATE AMBUSH


Types of ambushes

POINT AMBUSH predetermined location.

Unit deploys to attack the enemy in a single kill zone.

AREA AMBUSH

Unit deploys in two or more related POINT AMBUSHES.

TYPES OF AMBUSHES


Point ambush

Security predetermined location.

Assault #1

Assault #2

Support

POINT AMBUSH


Area ambush
AREA AMBUSH predetermined location.


Ambush formations

LINEAR predetermined location.

L-SHAPED

AMBUSH FORMATIONS


Ambush formations1

LINEAR predetermined location.

Assault and Support elements deploy parallel to the enemy’s route.

AMBUSH FORMATIONS


Linear ambush
LINEAR AMBUSH predetermined location.


Ambush formations2

L-SHAPED predetermined location.

The Assault Element forms the long leg parallel to the enemy’s direction of movement.

The Support Element forms the short leg at one end of and at right angles to the Assault Element.

AMBUSH FORMATIONS


L shaped ambush
L-SHAPED AMBUSH predetermined location.


Planning considerations

Covering the Entire Kill Zone by Fire predetermined location.

Using Existing or Reinforcing Obstacles

Protecting Assault and Support Elements (with mines, claymores or explosives)

Using Security Elements to Isolate Kill Zone

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS


Planning considerations1

Assaulting into Kill Zone predetermined location.

Timing of All Elements to Maintain Surprise

Rotation of Squads into a Squad Ambush (for ambushes that must be maintained for a long time)

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS


Ambush technique

Leader’s Recon (Phase 1) predetermined location.

Purpose is to PINPOINT the objective

PL, Assault Squad Leaders, Weapon’s Squad Leader, Release Point Personnel, Security Detachment, Forward Observer

Move to RP

Establish Surveillance

Move close enough to OBJ (when possible, move to actual positions) to identify the following:

Kill Zone (Define L/R Limits and LOA)

Support Positions (Key Weapon Locations)

Security Positions

AMBUSH TECHNIQUE


Ambush technique1

Occupation (Phase 2) predetermined location.

Move to RP in Order of Occupation

Emplace Security

Emplace Key Weapons (Support)

Emplace Assault (Assign Sectors of Fire)

Emplace Mines and Obstacles

Aiming Stakes, Camouflage Positions

Wait, Remain Alert, Observe Strict NLM Discipline

AMBUSH TECHNIQUE


Ambush technique2

Execution (Phase 3) predetermined location.

Initiate ON ORDER with the MOST CASUALTY PRODUCING WEAPON

Team Leaders Control Rate and Distribution of Fires

Soldiers Fire to Kill All Enemy in Sector

Leaders Maintain Fires Until ALL Movement and Noise Cease / Call CEASE FIRE

AMBUSH TECHNIQUE


Ambush technique3

Execution (Phase 3) continued predetermined location.

Assault Elements Enter Kill Zone in Pre-Determined Order, On Order

Assault Elements Advance to LOA / Announce “LOA”

PL Deploys Special Teams

AMBUSH TECHNIQUE


Ambush technique4

Withdrawal (Phase 4) predetermined location.

After Special Teams Complete Assigned Tasks

Withdraw in Reverse Order of Occupation

Assault 1 (by Fire Team)

Assault 2 (by Fire Team)

Support

Security

ALL PERSONNEL WITHDRAW THRU THE RELEASE POINT

AMBUSH TECHNIQUE


Area ambush1
AREA AMBUSH predetermined location.


Area ambush2

Conducted with Multiple Point Ambushes predetermined location.

Each Point Ambush Follows the Same Principles and Techniques Previously Described

AREA AMBUSH


Key considerations

Command, Control, and Communication predetermined location.

Designation of Main and Supporting Efforts (Weigh Accordingly)

Terrain

OCOKA

Centralized ORP and Release Point

Centralized Casualty Collection Point

Coordination Between Ambushes

Disengagement Criteria for Supporting Efforts

KEY CONSIDERATIONS