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FAO/PARIS21 REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE INTEGRATION OF AND ACCESS TO AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS FOR BETTER FORMULATION AND MONITORING OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES Algers, Algeria 8-9 December 2007 Back-to-back with the 20th AFCAS AW-07-02-1. Accelerated Data Program ADP.

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accelerated data program adp

FAO/PARIS21 REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE INTEGRATION OF AND ACCESS TO AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS FORBETTER FORMULATION AND MONITORING OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIESAlgers, Algeria 8-9 December 2007Back-to-back with the 20th AFCASAW-07-02-1

Accelerated Data Program ADP

François Fonteneau, PARIS21/OCDE

rationale
Rationale

Why can’t we better measure and monitor results?

3 issues :

Existing data are not always fully exploited

Methods and concepts are not harmonized

Scope, timeliness and frequency are not optimal

1

2

3

goal and objectives
Goal and Objectives

To strengthen country capacity in producing statistical data relevant for policy design, monitoring and evaluation, by :

Better documenting, preserving, and disseminating existing microdata

Better exploiting existing datasets (quality assessments, further analysis)

Better strategizing and aligning survey programs and statistical outputs to priority data needs

1

2

3

implementation pilot countries6
Implementation:Pilot Countries

Expressed interest:

Bolivia, Colombia, Guinea, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Palestine

implementation partners
Implementation:Partners

Core partners

  • PARIS21 Secretariat
  • World Bank
  • International Household Survey Network (IHSN)

Other international partners

  • Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) 
  • United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 
  • Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA)*
implementation
Implementation

Based on Country demand

Simplified and standardized for fast execution :

  • Initiation
    • Request of participation from country
  • Preparation
    • Development of a country-specific ADP work program
      • Ideally: explicitly linked to the NSDS
      • Preferably : all key microdata producers involved
  • Implementation
    • Technical assistance, training, and financial support
    • Regular technical follow-up and supervision by the ADP team
    • Administrative modalities may vary from country to country
  • Evaluation (later)
activities task 1
Activities: Task 1

Documentation, preservation and dissemination of existing survey microdata

  • Complete inventory of existing microdata
      • Documentation of existing datasets following international standards/best practices
  • Definition of a microdata dissemination policy, in accordance with the national legislation
  • Anonymization of microdata
  • Establishment of national microdata archive
activities task 1 implementation
Activities: Task 1Implementation

Tools

  • Microdata Management Toolkit (with related guidelines)
  • Dissemination of Microdata Files: Policy Guidelines *
  • Anonymization tools *
  • National Data Archive template

Progress

  • Full support proposals implemented in 9 countries, 6 others being designed/adopted
  • Data inventories completed or underway in 15 countries
  • 250 staff trained on the Toolkit (50 institutions in 15 countries)
  • Surveys being Toolkited, dissemination policies being designed
  • National Data Archive being developed, first live in December
activities task 1 implementation11
Activities: Task 1Implementation

Progress

?

?

?

?

?

?

‘Known surveys’ are Best Estimates Available

activities task 2
Activities: Task 2

Analysis of existing survey data and assessment of the past survey programs

  • Focuses on priority issues identified in PRSP and other sector strategies
  • Expected outputs :
    • detailed assessment of the weaknesses of data/survey instruments and improvement
    • analytical work and policy briefs
activities task 2 t1 shows the need to improve reliability

Is school in session?

Yes

No

Are you currently attending school?

Did you attend school last year?

Yes

No

No

Yes

NO

Do you intend to attend school next year?

No

Yes

YES

Activities: Task 2 T1 shows the need to improve reliability

Are you currently attending school or, if school is not in session, did you attend school in the session just completed and plan to attend next session?

2004 HIS, Malawi

activities task 2 t1 shows the need for harmonization
Activities: Task 2 T1 shows the need for harmonization

Measuring access to improved water sources in Ghana

CWIQ2003

CENSUS 2000

GLSS 1998

DHS 2003

activities task 2 implementation
Activities: Task 2 Implementation

Tools

  • Question-Bank, under development
  • Later, support to national question banks:
    • consistency between different national sources
    • reuse and harmonization of literal questions, enumerator instructions, response categories , etc.

Progress

  • Identification of activities: dependent on country situation and priorities
  • ADP focus on T2 will be increasing
activities task 3
Activities: Task 3

Development of improved survey program and data collection. Restricted to a few countries (budget constraints)

        • Definition of more modular survey programs, aligned to clearly defined priorities
  • Data collection: complements other sources of funding

Implementation: Tools

  • Survey Quality Assessment Framework * ; Question-Bank *

Implementation: Progress

  • Niger: support for TA and data quality management
  • Haiti: upcoming
implementation lessons learnt so far
Implementation:Lessons learnt so far
  • Microdata production is huge and ‘hidden’
  • Microdata dissemination is limited and mostly ad-hoc. Obstacles are :
    • Legal (confidentiality) and political
    • Financial (rarely budgeted by sponsors)
    • But also technical and “psychological” (Fear of contradiction, no incentive - feedback from users)
  • High demand from countries for:
    • Technical tools (Toolkit, NADA, anonymization)
    • Policy guidelines (confidentiality, dissemination, etc.)
    • Training
  • Can have major impact on quality of future surveys
  • Need to work with users also (Task2 and Task3)
implementation lessons learnt so far18
Implementation:Lessons learnt so far
  • Lots of positive externalities :
    • Enhance south-south cooperation (CMR->DRC, UGA->KEN RWA )
    • System wide approach
    • NSDS implementation
  • Close link with other initiatives / programs:
    • DevInfo
    • MECOVI
    • Regional Award for Innovation in Statistics for Latin America and the Caribbean (DFID/WB)
    • MICS program in 50 countries
  • Not expensive and doable
  • Constraint on country staff time
  • Growing demand from countries and interest from partners