The Mauryan Empire • Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan Empire in India that lasted for 150 years. • He raised an army of 700,000 soldiers, equipped with thousands of chariots and elephants. • He was a clever and harsh leader who administered operating mines and centers for spinning and weaving. • He made many enemies and slept in a different room every night because he feared assassination. • Most of the guards who protected him were armed women.
Ashoka the Great • He was one of India’s greatest rulers and grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. • He enlarged the kingdom through terribly bloody wars in which thousands were killed and captured. • Sickened by the slaughter of battle, he became a devout Buddhist. • He urged religious tolerance and spread the religion throughout India and parts of China. • After his death, the Mauryan empire began to crumble.
The Golden Age under Gupta • Through intermarriage and conquest, the Guptas became India’s next great rulers. • Both society and the arts flourished under their reign. • The Guptas favored Hinduism instead of Buddhism. • Gupta rule ended in 550 A.D.
China • Under the rule of three successive dynasties, the Zhou, the Qin, and the Han, China gradually became a large and powerful country. • The Zhou dynasty lasted 900 years. • Zhou rulers called themselves “Sons of Heaven.” • During Zhou rule internal trade expanded, copper was coined into money and introduction of iron began.
Zhou Dynasty • The Zhou dynasty did not have a centralized form of government. • King Yu cheated on his wife with another women named Pao-Ssu. • For a joke they would light warning fires and beat large drums to signal an attack. • They would watch the army coming galloping in to protect the King. They would laugh at the warrior as they came in. • When there was a real invasion, the army did not show up. The Zhou dynasty was replaced by the Qin dynasty.
Qin Dynasty • The Qin dynasty controlled China more firmly by creating a central government. • This dynasty created the first Chinese empire, which established standardized weights, measures, and coinage. • The Qin dynasty developed the Great Wall of China. One of the Seven Wonders of the World. • The Great emperor Shi Huangdi became famous from his burial tomb full of Terra Cotta soldiers.
Confucianism • Left in poverty at the age of three after his father died, Confucius obtained a good education. • He taught about the importance of the family, respect for one’s elders, and reverence for the past and for one’s ancestors. • These three concepts form the basis of Confucian philosophy.
Confucianism • Confucius believed that every person should accept an appropriated role in society and perform the duties of that role. • Government should be virtuous and set a good example for people to follow.