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The Issue of HUMAN CLONING: Problems and Solutions Taro Yamada, Midori Ito, Ichiro Suzuki Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology. Title Slide: click to advance to timed slides. The Issue of HUMAN CLONING: Problems and Solutions Taro Yamada, Midori Ito, Ichiro Suzuki

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Issue of

HUMAN CLONING:

Problems and Solutions

Taro Yamada, Midori Ito, Ichiro Suzuki

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Title Slide:

click to advance to timed slides

slide2

The Issue of

HUMAN CLONING:

Problems and Solutions

Taro Yamada, Midori Ito, Ichiro Suzuki

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

slide3

Cloning=

Making a genetically identical copy

slide4

Snuppy, Korea, 2005

Prometia, Italy, 2003

3

Dolly, UK, 1996

slide5

Next = Human?

Have humans already been cloned?

slide6

ABC News: April 23, 2009

  • 11 cloned human embryos
  • 4 women’s wombs
  • No pregnancies resulted
slide9

Introduction to the Problem

Why Is It Serious? Risks?

Possible Solutions?

Q&A Time

slide10

Risk 1: Experimentation

Human babies may be harmed

slide11

Risk 1: Experimentation

  • Snuppy’s case
  • Hundreds of failed experiments with embryos
  • →Only Snuppy lived
slide12

Risk 2: Perfection

People will aim for the “perfect” baby

slide14

Risk 3: Mental Harm

People expect clones to be the same

slide16

Introduction to the Problem

Why Is It Serious? Risks?

Possible Solutions?

Q&A Time

slide17

Solution 1

Stricter Laws Are Needed in Japan/UN

slide18

Japan’s Lawon Reproductive Cloning, 2001

“Article 3 (Prohibited acts)

No person shall transfer a Human Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Embryo,

Human-Animal Hybrid Embryo, Human-Animal Clone Embryo or Human-Animal

Chimeric Embryo into a human or Animal uterus.”

slide19

Japan’s Lawon Reproductive Cloning, 2001

“Article 16 (Penal Provisions)

A person who has violated the provisions of Article 3 shall be punished by

imprisonment with work for not more than ten years or a fine of not more than ten million yen, or both.

slide20

Declaration on Human Cloning:2005(84 vs. 34 vs. 37)

“Member States were called on to adopt all measures necessary to prohibit all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life.”

slide21

Solution

Stricter Law = 20 years or 100 million yen