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Assistive Technologies In the Classroom. Resources for Special Needs. Terms. Assistive Technology

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assistive technologies in the classroom

Assistive Technologies In the Classroom

Resources for Special Needs

terms
Terms
  • Assistive Technology
    • Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities
  • Adaptive Technology
    • Items that are specifically designed for persons with disabilities and would seldom be used by non-disabled persons
reasons for assistive adaptive learning
Reasons For Assistive/Adaptive Learning
  • Increased opportunity for education
  • Social interaction
  • Meaningful employment
  • Awareness
  • United community
disability and the need for assistance
Disability and the Need for Assistance

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disabilities and technological resource to assist
Disabilities and Technological Resource to Assist
  • Blindness
    • Input
      • Locator dots on the keyboard
    • Output
      • Speech output
      • Refreshable Braille
      • Braille embossers
      • Scanners with optical character recognition

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disabilities and technological resource to assist1
Disabilities and Technological Resource to Assist
  • Low Vision
    • Input
      • Large-print key labels and home row indicators
    • Output
      • Large monitors and anti-glare screens
      • Screen enlarger software
      • Color and contrast adjustments
      • Speech output systems
disabilities and technological resource to assist2
Disabilities and Technological Resource to Assist
  • Learning Disabilities
    • Input
      • Phonetic Spelling software
      • Speech recognition products
      • Concept mapping software
    • Output
      • Enlarged screen displays
      • Alternative color contrasts
      • Speech output
      • Reading systems incorporating OCR

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disabilities and technological resource to assist3
Disabilities and Technological Resource to Assist
  • Speech and Hearing Impairments
    • Output
      • Computer programmed to flash the screen instead of a tone to indicate an error
      • Communication devices that substitute for voices for students who cannot communicate verbally

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disabilities and technological resource to assist4
Disabilities and Technological Resource to Assist
  • Mobility and Orthopedic Impairments
    • Input
      • Flexible positioning or mounting of equipment
      • Software utilities that combine multiple keystrokes
      • Trackballs or other alternatives to a mouse
      • Keyboard emulation with specialized switches that allow the use of scanning or Morse code input
    • Output
      • Speech output software
considerations
Considerations
  • Assessment of student
    • Abilities, interests and preferences
    • Family's culture and value system
    • Environment
    • Functional tasks for participating in daily routines
    • Ongoing intervention and evaluation

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considerations1
Considerations
  • Factors for success
    • Student and family goals and values form the basis of the student's educational programs
    • Students, family, therapists and educators work as a team to select, obtain, implement assistive technology
    • Communication about all aspects of the students school program is frequent and honest
    • Both major and minor glitches are solved quickly and systematically by the team
resources
Resources
  • ATTO: Introduction to Assistive Technology: Device Selection. (n.d.). ATTO: Assistive Technology Training Online. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/ATBasics/Foundation/intro/introselection.php
  • Burgstahler, S. (n.d.). Adaptive Technology. University of Washington. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.washington.edu/doit/Faculty/Strategies/Academic/Adaptive/

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