Gender and scripture in islam some thorny issues
Download
1 / 11

Gender and Scripture in Islam: Some Thorny Issues - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 160 Views
  • Uploaded on

Gender and Scripture in Islam: Some Thorny Issues. Why do sacred texts on gender become troublesome?. Orientalist criticism of Islam, particularly role of women Secular modernists and feminists adopt radical critique of religious patriarchy (Nawal Saadawi)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Gender and Scripture in Islam: Some Thorny Issues' - gallagher


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Why do sacred texts on gender become troublesome l.jpg
Why do sacred texts on gender become troublesome?

  • Orientalist criticism of Islam, particularly role of women

  • Secular modernists and feminists adopt radical critique of religious patriarchy (Nawal Saadawi)

  • Fundamentalists insist on “traditional” gender roles as anti-colonial key to reinforcing their authority (“Neopatriarchy”)


Responses to the crisis l.jpg
Responses to the crisis

  • Reformation

    • Loyalism: accept authority of text

    • Revisionism: seek feminist interpretation

    • Sublimationism: presuppose acceptable position of gender equity or feminine superiority

  • Reconstruction

    • Rejectionism: it’s all patriarchy

    • Liberationism: transform the social order


Qur an 4 34 l.jpg
Qur’an 4:34

  • “Men are standing over women, by the preference that God has shown to some over others, and by the property they spend [for support of women].”

    • “in charge of” (Pickthall)

    • “men are the managers of the affairs of women” (Mawdudi)

    • economic responsibility (Wadud-Muhsin)


Qur an 2 228 l.jpg
Qur’an 2:228

  • “Men have a degree over women.”

    • a technical advantage in divorce proceedings rather than a general superiority (Wadud-Muhsin)


4 wives qur an 4 3 l.jpg
4 wives (Qur’an 4:3)

  • “ . . . If you fear that you might not be able to treat them with equal fairness, then [marry only] one.”

    • Amounts to a prohibition of polygamy (Muhammad `Abduh)

    • Clearly impossible (Tunisian law code)


Hadith sayings of the prophet l.jpg
Hadith sayings of the Prophet

  • “Those who entrust their affairs to a woman will never know prosperity” (via Abu Bakra, in regard to `A’isha)

    • critique of narrator’s character defects (indecisive in civil war, guilty of false accusation of adultery), part of traditional discipline of hadith criticism (Fatima Mernissi)


Hadith via abu hurayra l.jpg
Hadith (via Abu Hurayra)

  • “The dog, the ass, and woman interrupt prayer if they pass in front of the believer, interpolating themselves between him and the direction of prayer”

    • critique of narrator’s misogyny (Yemeni), gender insecurity (“man with a female kitten”), and notorious falsehoods

    • cf. Bukhari’s omission of hadith that declare menstruation non-polluting


Hadith saying l.jpg
Hadith saying

  • “Treat women kindly. The woman has been created from a rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is in the upper region. If you try to make it straight, you will break it, and if you leave it as it is, it will remain curved. So treat women kindly” (via Abu Hurayra)

    • rejected on basis of questionable transmitter (Riffat Hassan, Wadud-Muhsin)


The qur an as a scriptural resource for feminism l.jpg
The Qur’an as a Scriptural Resource for Feminism

  • “The believing men and the believing women, the righteous men and the righteous women, the pious men and the pious women . . . For them there is a reward in heaven”

    • the world’s first gender-inclusive scriptural language?


Responses to the crisis11 l.jpg
Responses to the crisis

  • Reformation

    • Loyalism: accept authority of text

    • Revisionism: seek feminist interpretation

    • Sublimationism: presuppose acceptable position of gender equity or feminine superiority

  • Reconstruction

    • Rejectionism: it’s all patriarchy

    • Liberationism: transform the social order