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Teaching ESL EFL, Art, Science, and Mathematics. Carrie Cable Pages, 345-356. Objectives:. Students should be able to : Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of ESL EFL, and TESOL. Recognize different methods of teaching ESL EFL.

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Teaching ESL\ EFL, Art, Science, and Mathematics

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  • Students should be able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of ESL\ EFL, and TESOL.
  • Recognize different methods of teaching ESL\ EFL.
  • Understand the main concepts of teaching art, science and mathematics.
  • Recognize the value of teaching those courses.
  • Identify the effective strategies to teach art, science and mathematics.
teaching esl efl
Teaching ESL/EFL

ESL is an acronym that stands for (English as a Second Language). Itrefers to the use or study of English by speakers with different native languages. It is also known as English as a foreign language (EFL).


What is TESOL ?

It stands for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

language learning skills
Language Learning Skills

There are four skillsin language learning:

Active skills (Productive):

  • speaking
  • writing

Passive skills (Receptive):

  • listening
  • reading
1 grammar translation method
1. Grammar-translation method
  • It involves translating words and sentences from a text into the mother tongue (the native language).
  • Classes are taught in the students' mother tongue, with a little active use of the target language.
  • Grammar rules are taught deductively.
2 direct method
2. Direct method:
  • It involves associating objects or visual presentations with the word or phrase in the language being learned.
  • The mother tongue is NEVER used.
  • Grammar rules learned inductively.
  • Teacher must speak the target language.
3 audio lingual method
3. Audio-lingual method:
  • It is based on the principle that language learning is habit formation. Itinvolves the repeated practice of words and phrases through drills and dialogues.
  • The method fosters dependence on mimicry, memorization of set phrases and over-learning.
  • There is a focus on correct sentence forms and correct pronunciation.
4 communicative approach
4. Communicative approach:
  • It emphasizes speaking and listening, but with the teacher providing authentic language and authentic situations.
  • Learners practice the language through role-play, games and pair work.
  • Grammar is taught inductively.
what is art
What is Art?

Art is the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. (Oxford dictionary)


Teachers should ensure that children are provided with a variety of interested and useful tasks. Here are some important tips for planning activities:

  • Art activities should be suitable for students’ ages and abilities.
  • Differentiate your activities to improve different skills.
  • Divide the students into effective groups (small number with different abilities).
  • Know when to teach some aspects of art as a discreet subject.
  • Give the students a chance to choose the task and the martials.
the importance of science in the primary school
The importance of science in the primary school:
  • The importance of including science was under debate for many years. Science did not become accepted at school until the late 19th century.
  • Modern developed countries need their education systems to produce well-qualified scientist and technologists who will be the researchers of tomorrow.
  • Science is a very interesting and important subject to learn as it arouses children’s curiosity about the nature and whatever happens in our every day life.
  • Science helps the children to understand better about their own sense organs, living and non-living things, energy, electricity and so on.

Learning to Teach in the Primary School. Arthur & Cremin,2010. 2nd edition. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group, London.

Lancaster, J. (1990). Art in the primary schools. New York: Routledge. Retrieved from


Turne, S. (2013). Teaching primary mathematics. London: SAGE. Retrieved from http://books.google.com.sa/books?id=3JK73_3iBBMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Teaching+Primary+Mathematics&hl=ar&sa=X&ei=TFtgUa3mHIqWswbSwIHwAQ&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Teaching%20Primary%20Mathematics&f=false

Ward, H., Roden, J., Hewlett, C. and Foreman, J. (2008) Teaching science in the primary classroom. 2nd ed. London: Sage. Retrieved from http://books.google.com.sa/books?id=Acod4-qGO4QC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Ward+Roden+teaching+science+in+the+primary+classroom&hl=ar&sa=X&ei=1F1gUbaoCY3TsQaRr4DIAg&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA