Reciprocal teaching Inquiry Inservice Day 4
Purpose of reciprocal teaching • Reciprocal Teaching is a guided reading comprehension strategy used in student directed groups of four. • The strategy fosters the development of comprehension skills that proficient readers do automatically.
RESEARCH ON RECIPROCAL teaching • The guided reading comprehension strategy has been found to be motivating. • In a review of 16 studies, reciprocal teaching had a positive impact on reading comprehension (Frey & Fisher, 2007).
whaT STRATEGIES ARE TAUGHT AND USED IN RECIPROCAL TEACHING? • Students are taught to use four kinds of comprehension strategies to understand text.
What does it look like? • Students are organized into groups of four. • The text is segmented into smaller chunks so students can monitor their understanding throughout the reading. • At each stopping point, students use the four comprehension strategies to make meaning.
predicting My prediction is… My evidence … • The predictor predicts with evidence. • Otherstudents agree or disagree. • Students are taught to: • Make connections to background knowledge and experience • Use headings, pictures and other text features. • Skim and scan text.
questioner Where is…? Why is that happening? • The questioner poses questions for the group to discuss. • Students are taught to ask literal and inferential questions.
clarifying I need to have ____ clarified. Do you need anything clarified? • The clarifier asks for or gives clarification (concepts, ideas, words). • The clarifier leads a discussion of how a confusing point might be cleared up • Use a dictionary • Check a glossary • Ask the teacher
summariser I think the most important ideas are… My summary is… • The summariser summarises the main ideas of the section read. • The others can add to the summary.
Introducing reciprocal teaching • The reading strategies must be taught first using the Optimal Learning Model before using them in collaborative groups.
resources Frey, N. & Fisher, D. (2007). Reading for information in elementary school: Content literacy strategies to build comprehension. Columbus, Ohio: Pearson Education, Inc. http://www.nbss.ie/sites/default/files/publications/reiciprocal_teaching_strategy_handout__copy_2_0.pdf