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M.C. Escher. “I believe that producing pictures, as I do, is almost solely a question of wanting so very much to do it well?”. Early Life. Maurits Cornelis Escher 1898-1972 Born in the Netherlands Youngest of 5 Father was a civil engineer. Education.

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M c escher

M.C. Escher

“I believe that producing pictures, as I do, is almost solely a question of wanting so very much to do it well?”


Early life
Early Life

  • Maurits Cornelis Escher 1898-1972

  • Born in the Netherlands

  • Youngest of 5

  • Father was a civil engineer


Education
Education

  • Attended both elementary and secondary school but did not do very well. His interest was in music and carpentry.

  • Math was very difficult for him.

    “At high school in Arnhem, I was extremely poor at arithmetic and algebra because I had, and still have, great difficulty with the abstractions of numbers and letters. When, later, in stereometry (solid geometry), an appeal was made to my imagination, it went a bit better, but in school I never excelled in that subject. But out path through life can take strange turns.” M.C.Escher


  • Developed interest in printing techniques

  • Failed his final exams and so he never officially graduated

  • Attended Higher Technical

    School in Delft

  • 1920 he moved to Haarlem

    and study architecture, an

    attempt to follow his father’s

    wishes, at the school for

    Architecture and Decorative

    arts.


  • Met Samuel Jesserum de Mesquita, graphic arts teacher.

  • Escher was convinced that the graphic design program would better suit his skills. (wood cuts)

  • After school traveling took up a large part of Escher’s life from this point on.

  • Traveled Italy extensively

    sketching and drawing.

Atrani, Coast of Amalfi 1931Lithograph


The sixth day of creation 1926 woodcut

Street in Scanno, Abruzzi 1930 woodcut


Family
Family

  • Met his wife Jetta Umiker in 1923

  • 3 kids, George, Arthur and Jan

  • Took his family all over Italy

  • Letter to his son

Reptiles 1943 Lithograph


Mathematics
Mathematics

  • October 1937 Escher showed some of his new work to his brother Berend, a professor of geology at Leiden University.

  • Recognized a connection

    between Escher’s wood cuts

    and crystallography.

  • Berend sent his brother a

    list of articles for him to read.

  • This was Escher’s first

    contact with mathematics.

Smaller and Smaller 1956, wood engraving and wood cut in black and brown printed from 4 blocks


Concentric Rinds, 1953 wood cut

Sky and Water II 1938 woodcut


Family life
Family life

  • Escher made numerous woodcuts utilizing each of the 17 symmetry groups

  • His art formed an important part

    of family life.

  • Escher worked in his study 8am-

    4pm every day.

  • New concepts could take months

    or even yrs to develop before the

    work was discussed and explained

    to the family. (son’s letter)


Work

  • Around 1956 Escher’s interests changed again taking regular division of the plane to the next level by representing infinity o a fixed 2-dimensional plane. Earlier in his career he had used the concept of a closed loop to try to express infinity as demonstrated in Horseman, 1946.


Tessellations
Tessellations

  • Escher was introduced to hyperbolic tessellations

  • This style of artwork required enormous dedication because of the careful planning and trial sketches required, coupled with the necessary hand ad carving skill.


Achievement
Achievement

  • 1995 Coxeter published a paper which proved that Escher had achieved mathematical perfection in one of his etchings. Circle Limit III, 1956 was created using only simple drawing instruments and Escher’s great intuition, but Coxeter proved that

    “… [Escher] got it absolutely

    right to the millimeter,

    absolutely to the millimeter…

    Unfortunately he didn’t live

    long enough to see my

    mathematical vindication.”


  • By 1958 Escher had achieved remarkable fame.

  • Gave lectures and corresponded wit people who were eager to learn from him

  • Gave his first important exhibition of his works and was featured on Time magazine.

  • Received numerous awards over his career.

Printed from 33 blocks on 6 combined sheets











Escher liked what he called metamorphoses
Escher liked pictures.what he called“metamorphoses,”

.

where shapeschanged andinteracted witheach other.



Lets make a simple tessellating shape

Lets make pictures.

Lets make a simple tessellating shape

a metamorpasis

Tessellation







Erase the square
Erase the square pictures.






Make four versions of each shape each version with more detail
Make four versions of each shape, each version with more detail

The most detailed shape can be changed quite a bit


Make four versions of each shape with more detail
Make four versions of each shape with more detail detail

The most detailed shape can be changed quite a bit