CULTURE. E.B. Tyler & Malissa Quigley Amanda Cook. Culture:. Is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, laws, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by people as members of society. E.B Tyler. KNOWLEDGE. Learning or knowing
E.B. Tyler & Malissa Quigley Amanda Cook
Culture is everything you think, do, and have.
This type of culture is abstract. It is everything that can not be indentified by your senses.
Symbol of Man and Woman
All different types of languages on a Golden Record
“Greetings from the children of the planet Earth”.
Edward Carr- “ unending dialogue between the present and the past.”
True or False
Explain why it is True or False
How did social norms develop?
Archaeology-is the study of early human remains
Archaeologists-is an expert who studies past human life
Anthropology-is the study of the origins of human beings and their cultural development
Paleoanthropologist- is an expert who studies ancient fossils of people
Economic Organization- One of the seven cultural systems, refers to that system of production, allocation, distribution of goods and services needed to meet the basic needs
Getting your degree
Select a site and develop a research design
Get an adequate permit.
Establish the budget
Identify laboratory experts to whom you will send samples
Survey the area and bring tool
Design any preprinted forms and field notebooks to use for recording data.
Plan for publication.
What happened in area 1,2,3,4?
Area1 Area 2 Area 3 Area4
Tree Ring Dating
What do we produce?
Who gets what is produced? How much? Who gets it first?
How we get the products to the people?
System of ranking
Hunted animals and gathered berries
Moved with their livestock
Nomadic- moving from place to place
Worked the land by using hand tools
Method called slash and burn
Worked the land by using wooden plows and animals
Technology: Semi Specialized
Worked the land using machinery
The rise of factories
The ability to transfer information freely
Discovered in the valley of Neander, Germany
Homo sapien- “man who thinks”
Discovered in France
Homo sapien- “man who thinks”
Homo sapien sapien- fully modern people
Two categories of culture – Material Non Material
Heredity – transmission of characteristics to offspring
Civilization – level of cultural development
All people in all places at all times have culture
Social Norms - Social Rule
Types of social norms – folkways, mores, and laws
Economic Organization – production, allocation distribution
Name famous archeologist – Richard Leakey, Louis Leakey
History – Non-ending Dialogue, Edward Carr
Economic system of US– capitalism
Nomadic – Move from place to place
Sedentary – Settle down
Hunters and gatherers – Live during the ice age, nomadic
Generalized Technology – One tool with many functions
Subsistence – Eat what you produce, produce what you eat
Paleolithic – Old Stone Age
Homo habilis – Man with ability, Louis Leakey
Homo erectus – Man who walks upright , Richard Leakey
Neanderthal – Germany
Cro-magnon – France
Lucy- discovered by Donald Johanson
Baton- use bone or wood to make a stone tool
Neolithic – New Stone Age
B.C. – Before Christ , B.C.E- Before Common Era
A.D. – Anno Domini, C.E.- Common Era
Carl Sagon - Placed items in space ship
Voyager – Spaceship
Extended Family – Grandparents, parents, & offspring
Nuclear Family – Parents and offspring
Historic – Written records
Prehistoric – No written records
Anvil – Stone struck against fixed stone
Homo Sapiens – man who thinks
Homo Sapien Sapien- fully modern man