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CULTURE. E.B. Tyler & Malissa Quigley Amanda Cook. Culture:. Is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, laws, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by people as members of society. E.B Tyler. KNOWLEDGE. Learning or knowing

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culture

CULTURE

E.B. Tyler & Malissa Quigley Amanda Cook

culture1
Culture:
  • Is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, laws, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by people as members of society.
  • E.B Tyler
knowledge
KNOWLEDGE
  • Learning or knowing
  • Examples:
  • Addition
  • Grammar
  • Language systems
  • Writing systems
  • Names
beliefs
Beliefs
  • Acceptance of the truth
  • Examples:
  • Truth
  • Christianity
  • Buddhism
slide5
Art
  • Any system of rules and principles that facilitates skilled human accomplishments.
  • Examples:
  • Music
  • Sculptures
  • Paintings
  • Poetry
morals
Morals
  • A point of view of right and wrong
  • Examples:
  • Ten Commandments
  • Pillars of faith
  • Bible
  • Bill of Rights
  • Koran
slide7
Laws
  • Are rules
  • Examples:
  • Must be 18 years of age to vote
  • Bill of Rights
customs
Customs
  • An ordinary way of acting or behaving
  • Examples:
  • Christmas
  • Birthdays
  • Praying 5 times a day facing Mecca
  • Easter
  • Getting candy at Halloween
society
Society
  • A group of people united by a common way of life
all people in all places at all times have culture

All people, in all places, at all times have culture

Culture is everything you think, do, and have.

two categories of culture
Two Categories of Culture

Material

Non-Material

This type of culture is abstract. It is everything that can not be indentified by your senses.

  • This type of culture is concrete. It is everything that can be identified by your senses.
hypothetical situation
Hypothetical Situation:
  • The country in which we live is going to destroyed. However, there is a capsule that we can fit four material objects. The capsule is 2 feet wide, 2 feet high, and 3 feet long. What would you place in the capsule to represent our culture?
carl sagan
Carl Sagan

Voyager:

Algebraic equation

Symbol of Man and Woman

All different types of languages on a Golden Record

“Greetings from the children of the planet Earth”.

heredity
Heredity
  • Is the transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
  • Family Heritage- Family Tree
  • Cultural Heritage- Ancestral
  • Hints: customs like German chocolate cake
slide15

1.

5.

2.

6.

9.

3.

7.

4.

10.

8.

families
Families
  • Nuclear family
  • Parents
  • Offspring
  • Extended family
  • Parents
  • Offspring
  • Grandparents
  • Uncles
  • Cousins
  • Etc.
civilizations
Civilizations
  • A level of cultural development
  • What are the four characteristic of a civilization?
  • People
  • Laws or rules
  • Shelters
  • Language system
social norms
Social Norms
  • A social rule. A standard rule of conduct or an accepted behavior in a society.
  • What are the three types of social norms?
social norm
Social Norm
  • 1) Folkways- ordinary rules of daily behavior
  • 2) Mores- are customs which are believed to be necessary to the welfare of society
  • 3) Laws- rules
history
History

Edward Carr- “ unending dialogue between the present and the past.”

have social norms developed as a result of your history
Have social norms developed as a result of your history?

True or False

Explain why it is True or False

How did social norms develop?

define the following terms
Define the following terms:

Archaeology-is the study of early human remains

Archaeologists-is an expert who studies past human life

Anthropology-is the study of the origins of human beings and their cultural development

Paleoanthropologist- is an expert who studies ancient fossils of people

Economic Organization- One of the seven cultural systems, refers to that system of production, allocation, distribution of goods and services needed to meet the basic needs

procedures of archeology
Procedures of Archeology

Step 1

Getting your degree

Step 2

Select a site and develop a research design

Step 3

Get an adequate permit.

Step 4

Establish the budget

procedures cont
Procedures cont.

Step 5

Identify laboratory experts to whom you will send samples

Step 6

Survey the area and bring tool

Step 7

Design any preprinted forms and field notebooks to use for recording data.

Step 8

Plan for publication.

torralba
Torralba

I. Problem:

What happened in area 1,2,3,4?

II. Legend:

Area1 Area 2 Area 3 Area4

Cleaver

lll hypothesis
lll.Hypothesis:

Area 1

Area 2

Area 3

Area 4

iv archaeological dating
IV. Archaeological Dating:

Relative Dating

Stratigraphy

Tree Ring Dating

Archeomagnetic

Obsidian Hydration

Carbon 14

define the following
Define the following:
  • Paleolithic
  • Neanderthal
  • Hunters-Gatherers
  • Cro-Magnon
  • Subsistence
  • Neolithic
  • Surplus
  • Generalized
  • Specialized
  • Homo erectus
  • Homo habilis
economic organization
Economic Organization
  • Refers to that system of production, allocation, and distribution of goods and services needed to meet the basic needs.
slide34

Production-

What do we produce?

  • Allocation-

Who gets what is produced? How much? Who gets it first?

  • Distribution-

How we get the products to the people?

hierarchy of mankind
Hierarchy of Mankind

Hierarchy-

System of ranking

hunters and gatherers
Hunters and Gatherers

Hunted animals and gathered berries

Technology: Generalized

Economics: Subsistence

nomadic herders
Nomadic Herders

Moved with their livestock

Nomadic- moving from place to place

Technology: Generalized

Economics: Subsistence

horticultural
Horticultural

Worked the land by using hand tools

Method called slash and burn

Technology: Generalized

Economics: Subsistence

agricultural non commercial
Agricultural Non Commercial

Worked the land by using wooden plows and animals

Technology: Semi Specialized

Economic: Subsistence

agricultural commercial
Agricultural Commercial

Worked the land using machinery

Technology: Specialized

Economic: Surplus

industrial
Industrial

The rise of factories

Technology: Specialized

Economics: Surplus

informational age
Informational Age

The ability to transfer information freely

Technology: Specialized

Economics: Surplus

historical dates
Historical Dates
  • B.C-
  • B.C.E-
  • A.D.-
  • C.E.-
    • Time Periods:

Prehistoric-

    • Ice Age-
    • Paleolithic-
    • Neolithic-

Historic-

species
Species
  • Homo habilis
  • “skillful man”
  • Louis Leakey
  • Homo erectus
  • “man who walks upright”
  • Richard Leakey
  • Donald Johanson-Lucy
species1
Species

Neanderthals

Discovered in the valley of Neander, Germany

Homo sapien- “man who thinks”

Cro-Magnon

Discovered in France

Homo sapien- “man who thinks”

Homo sapien sapien- fully modern people

species2
Species

Homo habilis

Homo erectus

Neanderthal

Cro-Magnon

HomoSapienSapien

review
REVIEW

Two categories of culture – Material Non Material  

Heredity – transmission of characteristics to offspring  

Civilization – level of cultural development  

All people in all places at all times have culture

Social Norms - Social Rule

Types of social norms – folkways, mores, and laws

 Economic Organization – production, allocation distribution  

Name famous archeologist – Richard Leakey, Louis Leakey

 History – Non-ending Dialogue, Edward Carr

Economic system of US– capitalism

review1
REVIEW

Nomadic – Move from place to place  

Sedentary – Settle down

Hunters and gatherers – Live during the ice age, nomadic

Generalized Technology – One tool with many functions

Subsistence – Eat what you produce, produce what you eat

Paleolithic – Old Stone Age

Homo habilis – Man with ability, Louis Leakey

Homo erectus – Man who walks upright , Richard Leakey

Neanderthal – Germany

Cro-magnon – France

Lucy- discovered by Donald Johanson

Baton- use bone or wood to make a stone tool

review2
REVIEW

Neolithic – New Stone Age

B.C. – Before Christ , B.C.E- Before Common Era

A.D. – Anno Domini, C.E.- Common Era

Carl Sagon - Placed items in space ship

Voyager – Spaceship

Extended Family – Grandparents, parents, & offspring

Nuclear Family – Parents and offspring

Historic – Written records  

Prehistoric – No written records

Anvil – Stone struck against fixed stone

Homo Sapiens – man who thinks

Homo Sapien Sapien- fully modern man