How Are Decisions Made? Unit 4.4
What are the different styles of leadership? • What impact does the management style have on staff morale and motivation? • What is effective management: • Identify the qualities/characteristics of a good manager • Identify the main roles of a manager? By the end of this unit you will understand …
There are 3 main leadership styles: • Autocratic Style • Democratic Style • Laissez-faire Style Different Management Styles
Autocratic Style • This occurs when managers tell people what to do and expect their orders to be followed. • There is little or no consultation between management and workers. • Decision-making is tightly controlled.
Democratic Style • A democratic management style means that managers do consult others before making decisions. • This could involve a senior manager discussing an issue with junior managers. • It could also involve managers asking other workers for their opinions before reaching decisions.
Laissez-faire Style • This involves the minimum of managerial direction. • It probably works best in workplaces where creativity would be stifled by strict managerial control (e.g. designers) • However, it does not mean that people can do what they like when they like!
Autocratic Style • Workers in some businesses might feel frustrated and unable to use their initiative • Likely to lead to low morale and little motivation • However, in some organisations (such as the Army) this style of leadership is felt to be vital Impact of Management Styles on Morale and Motivation
Democratic Style • If carried out properly, this management style should make workers feel part of the decision making • They should feel their ideas are important and acknowledged • Therefore, morale and motivation should be high Impact of Management Styles on Morale and Motivation
Democratic Style • However, if workers feel managers are approaching them for ideas because they have none of their own – it will lead to lack of respect and give a perception of poor leadership • Therefore, this will have a negative effect on morale and motivation Impact of Management Styles on Morale and Motivation
Laissez-faire Style • This relaxed management style will not work in all industries • Most workers need clear leadership and guidance • This style may work well in creative industries e.g. advertising and film making Impact of Management Styles on Morale and Motivation
Many modern organisations encourage employees to work together in teams • Team spirit/working together can encourage and motivate staff • Better ideas • Shared responsibility can improve staff morale Team-Working
Effective Management Involves: credit • Controlling • Leading • Planning • Budgeting • Evaluating
Qualities/Characteristics of Effective Leadership/Management Leadership qualities Planning/decision making skills credit Communication skills Interpersonal skills Listening skills Organisational skills Budgeting skills Motivational skills Std Grade BM - U4.4
credit Main Roles of a Manager