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The Sales Process. Marketing Co-op Chapter 13.1 and 13.2. 8 Steps in the selling process. Product analysis Approach the customer Determining needs Presenting the product Overcoming objections Closing the sale Suggestion selling After the sale activities. Step One: Product Analysis.

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The sales process

The Sales Process

Marketing Co-op

Chapter 13.1 and 13.2

8 steps in the selling process
8 Steps in the selling process

Product analysis

Approach the customer

Determining needs

Presenting the product

Overcoming objections

Closing the sale

Suggestion selling

After the sale activities

Step one product analysis
Step One: Product Analysis

  • Knowledge of products and services offered by the company

    • Features

    • Benefits

    • Warranties

  • Determine who uses the product and for what purpose (target market)

  • Product analysis questions
    Product Analysis Questions

    How will the product satisfy the customer’s needs and wants?

    How much should the product cost?

    Where should the product be purchased?

    How should the product be used, cared for, or maintained?

    Sources of product information
    Sources of Product Information

    Direct Experience –personal use of the product or service

    Printed Materials – brochures or manuals that explain product use

    Other People – learning through word of mouth from family, friends or other employees

    Formal Training – training provided by the company

    Step two approaching the customer
    Step Two: Approaching the Customer

    • Initial approach: first contact between sales person and customer

    • Sets the mood or atmosphere for the other steps of the sale

      • Customers that are turned off at this stage will be difficult to win over later on

    Three purposes of approaching the customer
    Three Purposes of Approaching the Customer

    • To begin a conversation -be alert to customers’ interests

      • Business to Business – could conduct market research before meeting

      • Retail Selling – observe the customer before you approach

  • Establish a relationship with the customer – treat the customer as an individual

    • Don’t stereotype because of age, sex, race, religion, or appearance

    • Be enthusiastic, courteous, sincere and respectful

  • Focus on the product – share basic product knowledge

  • Approach business to business
    Approach – Business to Business

    • Pre-approach – preparation for the face to face encounter with clients

    • Salesperson sets up appointment or stops by unannounced (Cold Call)

    • Initial approach depends on prior dealings with the customer

      (Have you dealt with them before?)

    • Tips:

      • Firm handshake and smile

      • Use the customer’s name

      • Provide a business card

    Approach retail selling
    Approach: Retail Selling

    • If customers are in a hurry approach quickly and with a sense of urgency

      • Be ready to help them find exactly what they are looking for

  • If customers are undecided encourage them to look around, take their time and ask questions

    • Keep an eye on them to ensure they are never looking around for someone to help them

  • The three methods of approach in retail
    The Three Methods of Approach in Retail

    Service Approach - asking if the customer needs assistance

    • NO close ended questions – do not have a yes or no answer

      • “How May I help you?”

      • “What exactly are you looking for today?”

      • “Who are you shopping for?”

    • Close ended questions causes the salesperson to lose control of the sale

    The three methods of approach in retail1
    The Three Methods of Approach in Retail

    • Greeting Approach – sales person simply welcomes the customer into the store

      • Lets customer know the sales person is nearby for questions or assistance

        • “Good Morning”

        • “Welcome to ________”

      • Salesperson should always smile, be friendly and appear sincere when greeting the customer

    The three methods of approach in retail2
    The Three Methods of Approach in Retail

    • Merchandise Approach – the salesperson makes a comment or asks a question about a product the customer shows interest in

      • Start talking to the customer without asking if they need assistance

      • This method can only be used if a customer stops to look at a specific item

      • Use feature-benefit selling techniques to keep customers interested

    Step three determining needs
    Step Three: Determining Needs

    Salesperson:“This is one of our most popular tennis rackets. It’s perfect for you – the grip is the correct size and the large sweet spot can improve your game.”

    Customer:“That is very interesting; but, I’m not buying the racket for myself. It is actually a gift for my 9 year old daughter.”

    • Uncovering the customer’s problems or motivation to buy

      • Ask questions about the customer’s buying motives to make sure you are suggesting the right products

      • Salesperson should begin to determine the needs of the customer immediately after the approach

    A sale gone wrong

    Three methods to determine customer needs
    Three Methods to Determine Customer Needs

    • Observing – using nonverbal communication to determine the customer’s mood and interest

      • Facial expressions

      • Hand motions

      • Eye movements

      • How long they linger at a product

  • Listening – paying attention to what the customer tells you and using the information to determine what products will fit their needs

  • Questioning – Ask general questions about the intended use of the product and any previous experience with it

    • Build your questions around who, what, when, where, why and how

  • Assignment

    Chapter 13 Bookwork (Orange Marketing Text)

    13.1 – pg. 282 – Key Terms and Concepts……(1-3)

    13.2 – pg. 287 – Key Terms and Concepts……(1-3)

    Chapter Review – Review Facts and Ideas…..(2-11)

    You will be held responsible

    for all the red dot terms on the test