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Hug Machine: Deep pressure stimulation. By: Chris Morino BME 281. Autism. What is it: rare gene changes or mutations occur leading to the child being diagnosed Effects: difficulties in social interaction, high anxiety and stress level, repetitive behaviors

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Hug machine deep pressure stimulation

Hug Machine: Deep pressure stimulation

By: Chris Morino BME 281


Autism
Autism

  • What is it: rare gene changes or mutations occur leading to the child being diagnosed

  • Effects: difficulties in social interaction, high anxiety and stress level, repetitive behaviors

  • 1 in 88 American child has been identified on the autism spectrum, and tenfold increase in prevalence over the last 40 years


History

History


Experiment
Experiment

  • Pilot study performed using this machine

  • Had a experimental group and placebo group

  • Two 20 min sessions a week over a 6 week period

  • Results: those in the experimental group have shown positive calming effects especially those with high levels of arousal or anxiety


Redesign

  • Machine cost over 4000

  • BME students from Carnegie University redesign the machine to help those who struggle with finances

  • First place in National Student design competition 2007

Redesign


References
References

1.)"Behavioral and Physiological Effects of Deep Pressure on Children With Autism: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Grandin’s Hug Machine." The American Journal of Occupational Therapy (1999): n. pag. Behavioral and Physiological Effects of Deep Pressure on Children With Autism: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Grandin's Hug Machine. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. <http://ajot.aotapress.net/content/53/2/145.short>.

2.)"Calming Effects of Deep Touch Pressure in Patients WithAutistic Disorder,College Students, and Animals." Calming Effects of Deep Touch Pressure in Patients WithAutistic Disorder,College Students, and Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. <http://www.grandin.com/inc/squeeze.html>.

3.)"What Is Autism?" Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. <http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism>.

4.)"BME 281 Biomedical Engineering Seminar II." BME 281 Biomedical Engineering Seminar II. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ele.uri.edu/courses/bme281/>.