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Basic Fire Security

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Basic Fire Security

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Basic Fire Security

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  1. Basic FireSecurity Nicklas Knape Cupola AB Nicklas Knape

  2. Contents • Fire and how a firebegins • Flammableproducts • Classification of flammable products, vapors and liquids • Handling flammablematerials • Various types of equipment to extinguish the fire • MSB – (Agency for Civil Protection of society) - yourresource

  3. What is needed for a fireto start and/or survive? Heat Flammable material Oxygen

  4. Howtoextinguishthe fire • Remove the flammable material • By choking - i.e. remove oxygen • By cooling - i.e. removal of heat

  5. Compositionofsmoke Flammablesubstances - causing further spread of fire Toxicsubstances - Affectabilitytobreathe Corrosives - attack the surroundingenvironment

  6. Handling of flammable goods (small volumes)

  7. Flammablegases and liquids • FlammablegasesPropane, acetylene, hydrogen • 2. Flammableliquids • Class 1 gasoline, ethanol, ethylacetate • Class 2a turpentine, butyl acetate • Class 2b xylene, certain colors, kerosene • Class 3 Diesel, heating oil, 1 N-paraffin

  8. Flammableproducts - properties F+ F EXTREME FIRE DANGEROUS VERY FIRE DANGEROUS Class 2a and 2b no hazard symbol or hazard Flammablegases Class 1 liquidshaving a flashpoint Below 0 degrees Class 1 otherliquids

  9. Flammableproducts - properties • 3. Firereactiveproducts • Flammable solids  Ex. Flammablecinema film • Spontaneouscombustionproducts Ex. White phosphorus, Silane • Goods which develop fire- • hazardous gas on contact with water Ex. Sodium • OxidizinggoodsEx. Hydrogen peroxide, ammonium nitrate • OrganicperoxidesEx. Hardener for two component systems • (plastic padding) •  and more… • More information is available at: • https://www.msb.se/sv/Forebyggande/Brandfarligt--explosivt/Brandreaktiva-varor/

  10. Flammableproducts - properties Labellingaccordingto ADR (for transport) Substances which emit flammable gases on contact with water Oxidizers Organic peroxides Flammable liquids Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives. Substances liable to spontaneous combustion Gases (flammable) Gases, non-toxic or flammable gases

  11. Handling flammable materials – what does it mean? • Manufacturing • Packing • Use • Destruction • Assignment • Processing • Storage • Disposal • Marketing/Selling • “And comparable procedures" • Treatment • Transportation • Recycling • Maintenance

  12. Handling flammable materials Do not store strong oxidizing agents with oxidizable substances OxidizingFlammable

  13. Handling flammable materials Chemicals may not be stored with combustible materials and gas cylinders

  14. Handling flammable materials • Anyone who conducts handling of flammable materials shall appoint one or more (usually two) director of flammable products. • Director of flammable products should be reported to the regional fire security department while the director of the explosives must be approved by the municipality. • The regional fire security department is the supervisory review of existing permits and supervision of explosives. • Information from MSB regarding you as the operator can be read about at: • https://www.msb.se/sv/Forebyggande/Brandfarligt--explosivt/Ny-lag-brandfarliga-och-explosiva-varor/Vad-innebar-den-nya-lagen/Sa-berors-verksamhetsutovarna/

  15. Handling flammable materials • Self-studies can easily be made via: • https://www.msb.se/sv/Forebyggande/Brandfarligt--explosivt/Ny-lag-brandfarliga-och-explosiva-varor/WebbutbildningLBE/

  16. Extinguishing Equipment at your workplace

  17. Typesofextinguishingproducts • FoamAB fibrousmaterials liquidfires gas fires • CarbonicDioxideB • PowderABC

  18. FoamAB • Foam fire extinguishers are suitable to provide in: • Homes • Hotels • Schools • Hospitals • Industries (some) • Offices • Public buildings

  19. CarbonicDioxideB • Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are suitable to provide in/nearby: • Computers • Workshop Machinery • Electrical Equipment • Kitchens (restaurant) • Possible Liquid fire

  20. PowderABC • Powder extinguishers are suitable to provide in/nearby: •   Vehicles • Villas • Summerhouse • Industries •   Farms •   Garage

  21. Fireblanket • Suitable for use on small fires and to extinguish ex; fire in clothes

  22. Questions