scientists profit public enlightenment n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Scientists, profit & public enlightenment PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Scientists, profit & public enlightenment

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Scientists, profit & public enlightenment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on

Scientists, profit & public enlightenment. IHPST 2007 Calgary, AB. Larry Bencze, Mike Bowen, & Maurice DiGiuseppe. Arguably the factor most greatly affecting science & school science is …. Global Economization !. Involving: Neoconservative social-political policies

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Scientists, profit & public enlightenment


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
scientists profit public enlightenment

Scientists, profit& public enlightenment

IHPST 2007

Calgary, AB

Larry Bencze,

Mike Bowen,

& Maurice DiGiuseppe

arguably the factor most greatly affecting science school science is
Arguably the factor most greatly affecting science & school science is …

Global Economization!

  • Involving:
    • Neoconservative social-political policies
    • Neoliberal economic policies

(Carter, 2005).

With: IMF, WB, WTO

Political Compass: www.politicalcompass.org/

global economization
Global Economization

Social Injustices

  • Growing rich vs POOR
  • Massive starvation
  • Decreasing job security
  • Debt in Poor countries
  • Socio-techno-determinism

Environmental Degradation

  • Habitat degradation/pollution (air, water, soil)
    • Loss of rainforests; Water shortages; Soil erosion; Desertification; Aquatic pollution; Ozone depletion; Global warming
  • Species loss
    • Species population reduction (e.g., fish)
    • ~ 125 species lost per day

(McMurtry, 1999)

slide4

Global Economization & Professional Science

Since about 1950, ‘Academic’ science has been been replaced by ‘Post-academic’ science (Ziman, 2000).

Oriented towards generating for-profit products & services

Collectivized

Multi-disciplinary

Privately-funded

Short-term

effects of profit motive on nos
Effects of Profit Motive on NoS

Merton’s Norms (1942, 1973) Compromised

  • ‘Communalism’:
    • e.g., Dr. Nancy Olivieri, Hospital for Sick Children; deferiprone, drug for thalassemia major; Company suppressed negative results.
  • ‘Universal’:
    • e.g., restricted access to software by companies.
  • ‘Disinterestedness’:
    • e.g., prevent research into uncommon diseases (e.g., schistosomiasis) - since they are unprofitable.
  • ‘Originality’:
    • e.g., ‘Me-too’ drugs!
  • ‘Skepticism’:
    • e.g., Ghost Writers!

Science for Profit!

research
Research

Goal: … to determine scientists’ willingness to enlighten members of the public and school students about problems associated with the profit motive.

  • Participants: 8 scientists (various fields)
  • Data Collection:
    • Interview Transcripts (90-120 min)
    • Questions re: NoS, Public Education
    • Used Artefacts; e.g., S&T Model, S.T.P., Merton’s Norms
  • Analyses: CCM via CGT
results
Results
  • Participants’ willingness to educate others about profit-driven science varied; i.e.,:
      • Informers (1)
      • Para-informers (5)
      • Protectionists (2)
factors affecting intentions
Factors Affecting Intentions

Participants’ Direct Experiences

2 pgs

factors affecting intentions1
Factors Affecting Intentions

Participants’ Sense of the Vulnerability of Science to the Profit Motive

Although they claimed their field had not been adversely affected by the profit motive, they felt that people should be informed about this in order to protect the integrity of science.

Could be explained, again, by knowledge duality theory.

factors affecting intentions2
Factors Affecting Intentions

Participants’ Views About Science

status of school science
Status of School Science

School science systems typically portray professional science as “pure and isolated from culture” (Allchin, 2004, p. 939).

conclusions
Conclusions
  • More NoSed needed; re: profit motive
  • Informers & Para-informers may assist
  • Those educated should include:
    • School science students
    • Undergraduate science students
    • Student-teachers
    • Scientists
    • Other ‘Stakeholders’; e.g., government, business, etc.
the end
The End!
  • The paper is located online at:
    • http://fcis.oise.utoronto.ca/~lbencze
  • Contact Information
    • lbencze@oise.utoronto.ca
    • http://www.lbencze.ca
    • http//www.lbencze.ca/STEPWISE.html