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Methods for Measuring Elongation Values in Pattern-etched Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals using Matlab By: Bethany Poulin Advisers: Brad Kinsey & Tim Roemer.

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Methods for Measuring Elongation Values in

Pattern-etched Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals using Matlab

By: Bethany Poulin

Advisers: Brad Kinsey & Tim Roemer

Acknowledgments – This research was supported with funding from the National Science Foundation’s Research Experience for Teachers in Engineering Grant (ENG-1132648).

Methods & Outcome

  • Test strips are scanned to as a JPEG using a standard photocopier or flatbed scanner, and passed through ‘Prescan’ code
  • Data array is evaluated to determine desired range of test data
  • Values are manually entered in the test measurement code


Create a reliable method for measuring the elongation of etched circles on thin sheets of test metal stretched under continuously bending tension using Matlab image toolbox

  • Matlab evaluates the data a second time using ‘regionprops’ call tag to measure only the selected circles, establishing the longest and shortest axes to calculate change in elongation



  • Metal under tension stretches until it reaches its ultimate tensile strength, when it breaks at its weakest point
  • Imposing a continuously moving bending moment in thin sheet metal under localized tension increases ductility of metals in tests


The unfiltered dataset is manually reviewed to separate ellipses representing data from image artifacts

Authentic data is extracted from the whole using criteria, entered into Matlab by the user

  • With search values entered the image is evaluated by CBT_measure
  • A table of filtered data exports into an Excel file containing the major and minor axis lengths for all selected ellipse diameters in the filter
  • Data is compare against a control strip evaluated in the same manner for use in elongation value calculation

Sample data points plotted from above images

  • Future Work
  • Establish protocol for scanning to ensure consistent measurements
  • Add a scale and modify the software to calculate absolute lengths instead of relative measurements

Image Analyzed by



  • Using continuously bent tension to increase elongation in metals during forming could provide for greater conservation of metals in industries while decreasing the weight, shipping and forming costs of manufactured goods.

Literature Cited

Benedyk, J.C., Scwartz, D., and Parikh, N.M., “A Method for Increasing Elongation Values for Ferrous and Nonferrous Sheet metals,” Journal of Materials, JMLSA, Vol 6, No. 1 March 1971, pp16-29

Filtered Data Selections

  • Vocabulary
    • Ductility - a solid materials ability to deform under tensile stress Elongation – the state of having been lengthened Ellipse- an planar curve with circular or oval shape