Lesson 11: Constructional patterns

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# Lesson 11: Constructional patterns - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Lesson 11: Constructional patterns. Comparative Construction A 比 B A dj. A [compared to B] is A dj . Neg. 　： A 不 比 B A dj 我 [ 比 小 王 ] 高 大 / 老 / 漂亮 / 难看 / 有钱 /. 比 一 比 ： A 比 B A dj. 王先生. 李先生. 馬先生. Comparative Construction A 比 B A dj + 一点（儿 ). 李小弟. 王 律师.

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### Lesson 11: Constructional patterns

Comparative ConstructionA 比 B Adj
• A [compared to B] is Adj.
• Neg.　： A 不比 BAdj
• 我 [比小王] 高
• 大/老/漂亮/难看/有钱/

Comparative ConstructionA 比 B Adj + 得多

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\$ 90

Comparative ConstructionA 比 B 更/还+ Adj.

Sentence-final Particle了

• 下雨了！
• 下雪了！
• 我吃好了!不吃了!
• 我累了!

• Able to:

• “Will” with natural/logical tendency

• 我会去中国。
• ‘will go’ as a natural consequence
• 我要去中国。
• ‘will go’ as determination

• 明天不会下雪。
• 春天不会下雪，夏天也不会。
• 我不会　ˍˍˍˍ，你会不会？
• 晚上我会去听音乐会，你要不要一起去？
• 我不要，我要去看电影。
• This pattern can be used only when the Adj. or V. in it has already been mentioned.
• In this regard, it different from the pattern 虽然…可是/但是…

Weather ＝天气

＝有 太tài 阳yáng

• Temperature= 温wēn 度dù
• 温wēn暖/暖和
• 凉快/凉爽shuăng

• humidity ＝湿shī 度dù
• 乾gān 燥zào
• 潮cháo 湿shī
4Seasons

Spring: 春天

Summer:夏天

Fall: 秋天

Winter: 冬天

Season: 季jì 节jié

4 seasons: 四季jì

Constructional Pattern

• [今天的]天tiān 气qì 怎zěn 么me 样yàng？
• 今天的天气很 ˍˍˍˍ(热/冷/暖和)
Climate =气qì 候hòu
• 加jiā 州zhōu 的de 气qì 候hòu很 ˍˍˍ
• 台tái 湾wān 的de 气qì 候hòu 很ˍˍˍ
Vocabulary＝生词shēng cí

Weather-related feelings

• Cities = 城市chéng shì
• 纽约
• 北京
• 加州jiāzhōu 旧jiù 金jīn 山shān
• 加州 洛luò 杉shān 矶jī
Vocabulary

Vocabulary

Vocabulary

• 又热又乾gān 燥zà
• 又热又湿shī
• 又好又便宜

• but＝可是/但是
• 很乾gān 燥zào，但是很舒服
• 下雨了， 但是很凉快kuài
N很大