Tues, 13 Sept. 2011 English 1 Honors Warm Up Turn in Socratic Seminar work to the back bin Pg. In your Blue Language Book You have 5 mins.
Grammar Notes – Pronoun Antecedent Agreement Basic Principle: A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text (its antecedent) and must agree in number, gender, and purpose. • The indefinite pronouns anyone, anybody, everyone, everybody, someone, somebody, no one, and nobody are always singular. This is confusing to writers who feel that everyone and everybody mean more than one person. The same is true of either and neither, which are always singular. • The need for pronoun-antecedent agreement can create gender problems. If one were to write, "A student must see his counselor before the end of the semester," when there are female students about, this would be incorrect. You can pluralize to avoid the problem: A student must see his or her counselor. . . . • Too many his's and her's eventually become annoying, and can distract from the point the writer is trying to make. Writers can use they or their instead. Students must see their counselor before the end of the semester.
Pronoun/ Antecedent: part 2 • Remember that when we compound a pronoun with something else, we don't want to change its form. Following this rule carefully often creates something that "doesn't sound good." You would write, "This money is for me," so when someone else becomes involved, don't write, "This money is for Fred and I." Try these: This money is for him and me. This arrangement is between Fred and him. Those are both good sentences. • One of the most frequently asked questions about grammar is about choosing between the various forms of the pronoun who: who, whose, whom, whoever, whomever. The number (singular or plural) of the pronoun (and its accompanying verbs) is determined by what the pronoun refers to; it can refer to a singular person or a group of people: The person who hit my car should have to pay to fix the damages. The people who have been standing in line the longest should get in first.
Pronoun/ Antecendent: part 3 • Pronouns should also agree in purpose. Pronouns can be used to show possession , make sure that the purpose of the pronoun matches its use in a sentence. • Turn to page in you Blue Language book. • Finish exercise
Symbolism Notes A symbol is something that represents something else, either by association or by resemblance. It can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible.Language itself is a system of spoken or written symbols by which we communicate. Every word is a symbol; the five letters that form the word 'chair' represent a sound as well as a physical object. In writing, symbolism is the use of a word, a phrase, or a description, which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselves. This kind of extension of meaning can transform the written word into a very powerful instrument.
Brainstorming Symbols “There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed.” Ernest Hemingway Motto I play it coolI dig all jiveThat's the reason I stay aliveMy mottoAs I live and learnIs dig and be dug in return Langston Hughes
What are possible symbols? • What could they mean or refer to? • If you had to analyze these words for deeper meaning; how would you rewrite what the author is trying to say? • Is this a positive or negative ‘thing’ to the author? To the reader?
Homework Read Chapters 1-3 of The Pact Annotate Text ~ On the Webpage Write down an analysis questions for the text using Bloom’s Taxonomy Work on your Author’s Authority
Weds, 14 Sept. 2011 English 1 Honors Warm Up Take out your annotation and question to be checked Pg. In your Blue Language Book You have 5 mins.
The Things They Carried • Central Ideas • Tone/Mood • Author’s Purpose
Symbolism What things did you find in the text that could be symbols? What do these symbols mean? How do they change the way you understand the words?
Discussion Point Turn to the Person Sitting next to you and ID 3 of the most important Symbols. • Why are these symbols important? • What do they symbolize? • How does that change the way you understand what is happening to these characters? • What do the symbols reveal about each character?
Read this selection again. Write down every word that symbolizes something else? Why do you think author’s use symbols? At night, on guard, staring into the dark, they were carried away by jumbo jets. They felt the rush of takeoff. Gone! they yelled. And then velocity—wings and engines—a smiling stewardess but it was more than a plane, it was a real bird, a big sleek silver bird with feathers and talons and high screeching. They were flying. The weights fell off; there was nothing to bear. They laughed and held on tight, feeling the cold slap of wind and altitude, soaring, thinking It's over, I'm gone!—they were naked, they were light and free—it was all lightness, bright and fast and buoyant, light as light, a helium buzz in the brain, a giddy bubbling in the lungs as they were taken up over the clouds and the war, beyond duty, beyond gravity and mortification and global entanglements—Sin loi! they yelled. I'm sorry, motherfuckers, but I'm out of it, I'm goofed, I'm on a space cruise, I'm gone!— and it was a restful, unencumbered sensation, just riding the light waves, sailing that big silver freedom bird over the mountains and oceans, over America, over the farms and great sleeping cities and cemeteries and highways and the golden arches of McDonald's, it was flight, a kind of fleeing, a kind of falling, falling higher and higher, spinning off the edge of the earth and beyond the sun and through the vast, silent vacuum where there were no burdens and where everything weighed exactly nothing—Gone! they screamed. I'm sorry but I'm gone!—and so at night, not quite dreaming, they gave themselves over to lightness, they were carried, they were purely borne.
It was very sad, he thought. The things men carried inside. The things men did or felt they had to do.
Writing Prompt Pick one symbol. Analyze that symbol and find a possible alternate meaning. What does that symbol tell you about the character it is connected to? What does the symbol reveal about the soldiers? 2 Paragraphs – Writing Section Remember no personal pronouns! Be specific and explain everything.
Homework Read The Pact Complete Pronoun Antecedent Handout Be ready to present your Author!