Passive Voice Subject & Object are the key
Passive Voice? If there is PASSIVE voice, there is ACTIVE voice. Active Voice is a sentence which we normally use and find in conversation: • I always buy salad in school canteen. • My mom gave me a piece of cake. • My grandfather built this house in 1900. • Many people read his works. • My friends discuss English every Wednesday.
How can the sentences be passive? Many people readhis works. Subj. Vpr. Obj. This is ACTIVE voice because the spotlighted idea is Many people If we want to emphasize the OBJECT, then we put word (phrases) identified as Object to SUBJECT position. his worksread Many people And the VERB pattern must be changed, too. read => are read his worksare read (by)Many people
Notes: Verb tense has no change but… It must agree with Subject Jeanny shares her stories to her classmates Jeanny here is one person and Verb agrees with Subject shares Jeanny’s stories are shared to her classmates Her stories (Jeanny’s stories) indicates the story is more than one, so we need to make the Verb agree to the NEW Subject ARE SHARED
The Patterns Concept: Just change V (be) Vpart. present simple: write/writes (am/is/are) written present cont.: (am/is/are) writing (am/is/are) being written past simple: wrote (was/were) written past continuous: (was/were) writing (was/were) being written Present perfect: (has/have) written (has/have) been written Present perfect cont.:(has/have) been writing (has/have) been being written
The Patterns Concept: Just change V (be) Vpart. Past perfect: (had) written (had) been written Past perfect cont.:(had) been writing (had) been being written Can can be Could could be Will will be Would would be Might might be