standard 1 objective 1 students will understand the concept of market market identification
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STANDARD 1 OBJECTIVE 1 Students will understand the concept of market & market identification

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STANDARD 1 OBJECTIVE 1 Students will understand the concept of market & market identification. Market : People who share similar needs & wants and are capable & willing to buy products. Product Life Cycle : The stages that a product goes through during its life.

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new vocabulary
Market: People who share similar needs & wants and are capable & willing to buy products.

Product Life Cycle: The stages that a product goes through during its life.

Target Market: A group of people identified as those most likely to become customers.

Mass Marketing: Use of a single marketing plan to reach all customers.

Marketing Segmentation: breaking customers down into smaller groups by identifying them by shared needs and characteristics.

Geographic – Demographic – Psychographic - Behavioral

New Vocabulary
the market segmentation process
The Market Segmentation Process
  • Identifying groups of people or organizations with certain shared needs and characteristics within the broad market
geographic segmentation
Geographic Segmentation:
  • Geographic Segmentation : is based on
    • where consumers are located or climate
      • ie: Regions – States – Cities - Rural Areas – Cold – Hot
demographic segmentation
Demographic Segmentation
  • Segmentation based on statistical characteristics, such as:
    • Gender: male, female
    • Age: children, teenagers, young adult, middle age, senior, elderly
    • Ethnicity: American, African, Indian, European, Asian, etc.
    • Education: 8th grade or less, high school, some college, college degree
    • Occupation: white collar, blue collar, service worker, farm worker
    • Income: low, middle, high
    • Life stage: single, married, with children, without children, older
psychographic segmentation
Psychographic Segmentation
  • Segmentation based on values, attitudes, personality, and lifestyle
  • People classified according to what they feel, what they believe, their way of life, and the products, services, and media they use
behavioristic segmentation
Behavioristic Segmentation
  • Segmentation based on purchase behavior
    • User Status
      • Include nonuser, ex-user, potential user, first-time user, regular/loyal user
        • Brand loyal users require the least amount of advertising
    • Usage Rates
      • Volume segmentation measures consumers’ usage and categorizes them as light, medium, or heavy users
    • Purchase Occasion
      • Regular occasion
      • Special occasion
importance of target markets
Importance of target markets
  • Once target markets are identified correctly, specific marketing programs are directed to identified group, or target market.
slide10
A focus group is qualitative research where a group of people are asked about their attitudes toward a product, service, concept, advertisement, idea, or packaging.

Questions are asked in an interactive group setting where participants are free to talk with other group members.

marketing research
Marketing Research

The process and methods used to gather information, analyze it, and report findings related to marketing goods & services.

the marketing mix
The Marketing Mix

After the target market is defined, use the Marketing Mix to enhance the product/service concept

  • Product
    • Most important element of the marketing mix
    • Includes the way the product is designed and classified, positioned, branded, and packaged
  • Price
    • Amount charged for the good or service, including deals, discounts, terms, warranties, etc.
    • Affected by market demand, cost of production and distribution, competition, and corporate objectives
  • Place (or Distribution)
    • Includes direct and indirect distribution
    • Path product takes to reach consumer
    • Method of distribution must be consistent with brand’s image
  • Promotion (or Communication)
    • Product, price, and place must be determined before planning marketing communications
    • Includes all marketing-related communications between a seller and a buyer
product life cycle
Product Life Cycle
  • Products pass through a Product Life Cycle (The stages that a product goes through during its life.)
    • Development Stage - Company develops or alters products to meet current and future market demands
    • Introduction (Pioneering) Stage - Company incurs costs for educating customers, building widespread dealer distribution, and encouraging demand
  • Growth Stage
    • Characterized by rapid market expansion as more customers, stimulated by advertising and word-of-mouth, make purchases
  • Maturity Stage
    • Marketplace becomes saturated with competing products and the number of new customers decreases, causing sales to reach a plateau
  • Decline Stage
    • Products become obsolete due to new technology or changing customer tastes
    • Companies may cease all promotion and phase products out quickly
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