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POETRY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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POETRY. Unstructured. Found poem. Free verse. Structured. Quatrain / Ballad Limerick Acrostic Concrete Haiku. WORD WALL. METAPHOR SIMILE PERSONIFICATION HYPERBOLE IMAGERY ALLITERATION ONOMATOPOEIA. A quatrain is a poem or stanza written in four lines.

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unstructured
Unstructured
  • Found poem.
  • Free verse.
structured
Structured
  • Quatrain / Ballad
  • Limerick
  • Acrostic
  • Concrete
  • Haiku
word wall
WORD WALL

METAPHOR

SIMILE

PERSONIFICATION

HYPERBOLE

IMAGERY

ALLITERATION

ONOMATOPOEIA

slide5

A quatrain is a poem or stanza written in four lines.

  • The quatrain is the most common form of stanza used in poetry.
  • Usually rhymes.
  • Can be written in a variety of rhyming patterns.
quatrain rhyming schemes
Quatrain Rhyming Schemes
  • AABB – Lines 1 & 2 rhyme and lines 3 & 4 rhyme.
  • ABAB – Lines 1 & 4 rhyme and lines 2 & 4 rhyme.
  • ABBA – Lines 1 & 4 rhyme and lines 2 & 3 rhyme.
  • ABCB – Lines 2 & 4 rhyme and lines 1 & 3 do not rhyme.
quatrain example
Quatrain Example

The Lizard

The lizard is a timid thing

That cannot dance or fly or sing;

He hunts for bugs beneath the floor

And longs to be a dinosaur

By John Gardner

another example
Another Example

And summer’s warmer winds

Have carried you to me

Upon the brisk and salty scent

Of waves upon the sea

ballads
Ballads
  • Ballads are poems that tell a story.
  • A form or narrative poetry.
  • Often used in songs and have a very musical quality to them.
  • Usually sets of quatrains with the rhyming scheme ABAB or ABCB (but not always).
the limerick
The Limerick
  • It's a five line poem.
  • Establish the rhythm.
  • Lines 1, 2, & 5 share rhythm and rhyme patterns.
  • Lines 3 & 4 share rhythm and rhyme patterns.
  • So the whole poem has a AABBA rhyming scheme.
  • Think of limerick structure like a joke.
  • Establish a main character.
  • Put the character in a situation.
  • Run the situation out of control.
  • Resolve with a punch line.
a basic example
A Basic Example

There was a young man from Leeds,

Who ate a whole packet of seeds,

In less than an hour,

His nose was a flower

And his head was a garden of weeds

definition
Definition
  • A serious limerick is impossible (or just a bad one).
  • Rhyming scheme
  • A-A-B-B-A
  • Such that lines 1, 2 & 5 rhyme.
  • And lines 3 & 4 rhyme.
rhythm
Rhythm
  • Lines 1, 2 & 5 should have the same metre (8 syllables).
  • Lines 3 & 4 should have the same metre (5 or 6 syllables).
slide15
Read the following limericks. Sound them out using the previous guidelines to help you understand the structure and rhythm.

There was a Young Lady whose chin

Resembled the point of a pin.

So she had it made sharp

And purchased a harp,

And played several tunes with her chin.

Anonymous

I once knew a camel named Slump,

Who could never quite fill up his hump.

The water would leak,

From a hole in his cheek,

And leave him with only a stump.

Sarah Fanny

fill in the blanks
Fill in the Blanks

There was a man from Ealing

Who liked to hang from the __________.

He said, “I can’t wear a __________.

But I hang like a __________

And it’s certainly a wonderful __________.”

now you try
Now You Try

I once met a __________ from __________.

Everyday s/he __________.

But whenever s/he __________.

The __________.

That strange __________ from __________.

haiku
Haiku
  • ‹ An unrhymed Japanese verse consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables (5, 7, 5) or 17 syllables in all.
  • ‹ Written in the present tense
  • ‹ Focus on nature (but not always)
  • ‹ Cannot use metaphor or simile
the kigo
The Kigo
  • Traditional haiku must include a KIGO
  • A season word, which indicates in which season the Haiku is set. Examples:
  • – cherry blossoms indicate spring,
  • – snow indicates winter,
  • – mosquitoes indicate summer,

The kigo isn't always that obvious.

history
History
  • Derived from tanka 5-7-5-7-7 syllable

structure.

  • (linked elegance)
  • People played a game in which one person started with the 5–7-5 and another finished with the 7-7.
  • After a while (a hundred years or so) people started reading just the 5-7-5 originally called the hokku all on its own.